This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Erik Erikson’s Ego Theory Vs. Bandura’s Social Learning Theory

2081 words - 8 pages

Throughout time, many psychologists have had their own views about different theories. Theories direct and guide our perception of thinking. The similarities and differences can be broken down through different forms of development by Erik Erikson, Sigmund Freud, and Albert Bandura. Sigmund Freud emphasized the influence of the id, believing that the ego acts only out of borrowed energy and acts best as a commander. Sigmund Freud perceived aggression as a universal human behavior. According to Freud, we, humans are unaware of its presence because we are suppressed by the superego. In Erikson’s theory, he explains how the ego is the part of the mind that gives coherence to experiences, conscious or unconscious. Erikson agreed with Freud that the ego is responsible for human behavior and aggression. On the other hand, social learning theorist Albert Bandura suggests that behavior is learned through observation either accidentally or on purpose. This paper examines how Erikson’s psychoanalytic theory of the Ego compares and contrast to Bandura’s social learning theory.
Erik H. Erikson was born on June 15th, 1902, near Frankfurt, Germany. He never knew his mother’s first husband or his birth father (Engler, 153). His mother then married a pediatrician, who adopted Erik and gave him his last name. His parents concealed the fact of his adoption from him for many years, in which Erikson later called, “a loving deceit.” Ironically, the man who was famous for the term “identity crisis” was experiencing himself a significant identity crisis during his childhood. Erikson struggled with both the quest for his psychological identity and that of his biological identity. The fact that Erikson was raised in a Jewish home, but his genetic background was that of Danish made him an outcast amongst his Jewish peers (Engler, 154). In 1939, Erik came up with a resolution in which he would solve this identity crisis he was facing. In the process of becoming an American citizen, he decided to add a surname and assume the identity of Erik Homburger Erikson.
While on a quest of finding his professional identity in Vienna, Erikson was asked by Sigmund Freud’s daughter, Anna Freud, if he was interested in beginning an analysis with her and becoming a child analyst. Throughout the next few years, Erikson established himself as a key theorist in psychoanalysis. Erikson extended Freud’s psychoanalytic theory in four main ways. First, Erikson increased our understanding of the ego, showing how it is a creative problem solver that emerges out of the genetic, cultural, and historical context of each individual(Engler, 153). Second, Erikson reiterated Freud’s stages of development, making it into a social dimension more than anything else. He extended our concept of development to embrace the entire life span, from infancy to old age. Lastly, he explored the impact of culture, society, and history on the developing personality. He explored how the ego strength of certain...

Find Another Essay On Erik Erikson’s Ego Theory vs. Bandura’s Social Learning Theory

social learning theory Bandura Essay

965 words - 4 pages own actions to inform them what to do. Fortunately, most human behavior is learned observationally through modeling: from observing others one forms an idea of how new behaviors are performed, and on later occasions this coded information serves as a guide for action." -Albert Bandura, Social Learning Theory, 1977What is Social Learning Theory?The social learning theory proposed by Albert Bandura has become perhaps the most influential theory of

Social Learning Theory Essay

1874 words - 7 pages Akers and Sellers (2013) has stated that social learning theory is an expanded theory of differential association processes and improves it with differential reinforcement and other principles of the behavior theory. They added classical conditioning (the sharpening of involuntary reflex behavior); discriminative stimuli (internal stimuli that lead to signals for behavior); schedules of reinforcement (rewards and punishment ratio following

Social Learning Theory

2024 words - 8 pages The paper will focus on the application of the social learning theory through the use of video games that incorporate moral choices into their design. In this paper, I will first describe what the social learning theory is and its implications. I will discuss findings that pertain to the social learning theory and through violent television and operant conditioning from violent video games. I will also explore studies focusing on the impact of

Erik Erikson's Personality Theory

2331 words - 9 pages actions, or if the parents controlled all of the decision-making process (Friedman & Schustack). If a child has successfully developed a sense of autonomy during Erikson's second stage of personality development, it continues to expand its autonomy by learning how to contrive actions and accomplish plans during the third stage of Initiative vs Guilt. Now, social interactions are increasingly promoted and a child learns how to socialize with his or

Erik Erickson’s Psychosocial Theory

1512 words - 6 pages Research suggests parenting styles and the quality of a parent and adolescent relationship may have a impact on the psychosocial development among adolescents. Psychosocial development can be referred to as how an individual’s emotions, mind, and maturity level can develop throughout life (CITE). Erik Erickson’s psychosocial theory describes adolescence development through a series of eight stages based on the impact of social experience

Albert Bandura’s Social-Cognitive Theory Related to Gender Roles during Early Childhood

1185 words - 5 pages predict childhood development. The Social-Cognitive Theory's main premise is the triangular interaction between personal factors, environmental factors, and behavior. The interaction between the child and the environment involve the beliefs and values that are repressed or encouraged by social influences, which can determine the gender development of a child. This theory also emphasizes the impact that observational learning has on children. In plain

Bandura and Social Learning Theory

826 words - 3 pages Bandura and Social Learning Theory"Do as I say, not as I do." The quote is one of the most famous adages of all time. After all, mom is always right. Then how is it that many professionals disagree with such a classic phrase? Scientific evidence. Through years of research, world-renowned psychologist Albert Bandura created an entirely new field of psychology based on a fairly simple idea: humans learn by observation.Born on December 4, 1925, in

Social Learning Theory and Delinquency

922 words - 4 pages Delinquency is made up of many theories, but the primary hypothesis that it consists of is the social learning theory. The social learning theory consists of teaching right acts instead of delinquent acts since the person is a child. It consists of the learning from other whether it includes parents, peers, or even television. Delinquency is learned, people are not born to be criminals, for the most part they are born to be good and they should

Scenario on Social Learning Theory

1692 words - 7 pages to protect the children in these families from any pain, harm, or damage that might come their way from the adult behavior. After carefully doing creativity thinking, we came up with a policy to help prevent the young children from the social learning theory. Social learning theory is “the view that people learn to be aggressive by observing others acting aggressively to achieve some goal or being rewarded for violent acts”. (Siegel, 2011

Erik Erikson's Theory and Legacy

1346 words - 5 pages theory is Trust vs. Mistrust. The first stage began at birth and one year old it is the most fundamental stage in life. The reason is because as you are taking care of your child the child is learning who you are, also the child is receiving care from you and they are developing trust. If you are not being a positive caregiver from the child then the child may not develop trust but may have mistrust. The next stage in Erik Erikson’s theory is

Erik Erikson's Human Developmental Theory

645 words - 3 pages ). “According to Freud, the primary motivation for human behavior is sexual in nature according to Erikson, it is social and reflects a desire to affiliate with other people,” (Santrock, 23). Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory is a well rounded view of life- span development, it incorporates important conflicts during each stage of development that most people can relate to and apply to their own development. Erikson’s theory has eight stages of

Similar Essays

Bandura’s Social Learning Theory Essay

2221 words - 9 pages learner. These two variables may not go hand-in-hand. Secondly, this framework was that using the model will help develop more inclusive models to better measure motivation. Currently there is a small amount of knowledge of looking at the psychological aspects as to why learners retain information, but unsure how this actually happens. Combining Keller’s ARCS Motivation Model (1987)along with the Bandura’s (1969) Social-Learning Theory, it is

Adolescent Theory And Erik Erikson’s Eight Stages Of Development

1591 words - 6 pages grow up. According to Erik Erikson the four major works of identity diffusion include intimacy, diffusion of time perspective, diffusion of industry and lastly negative identity which also applies to Stephen Dedalus from Joyce’s book. First of all, Erikson’s description of the part of intimacy in the problem of identity diffusion is clearly outlined and evident in many adolescents such as Dedalus in Joyce’s book. According to John C. Coleman’s

Social Learning Theory Essay

1001 words - 4 pages Albert Bandura’s Social Learning Theory describes the process through which people acquire new info, forms of behavior, or attitudes from others firsthand or vicariously. The likelihood of a behavior presenting itself will rely on the amount of reinforcement it receives and the value that the individual associates to it. While some behavior may be rewarded, others may produce unfavorable responses. An individual will learn from the consequences

Social Learning Theory Essay

1287 words - 6 pages is not an effective way to affect your behavior. Although Bandura’s social theory focuses on the power of example in affecting your behavior. Albert believed that children were more influenced by social learning. Knowing that children are easily influenced by this, it raises a big question, are children who play aggressive video games or are exposed to violence more vulnerable to act aggressively? This question was put to the test in Albert’s