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Erik Erikson’s Eight Stages Of Development

1485 words - 6 pages

In Erik Erikson’s theory he explains that in every stage, a positive or a negative attitude is developed within an individual. During our developing stages we are either successful or we fail. Each stage will come to us whether or not we’re ready for them or not. You can think of the stages as learning stages where crisis occur .Only if we have learned from the previous crisis we are successful. You cannot avoid 1 stage and move to a next stage because of the developing process. The outcome of our lives depends on the way we chose to progress throughout each stage in life. Erikson had his own way in describing each stage in life that we all must go through.
Erik Erikson’s eight Stages of man; politically known as the eight stages of psychosocial development. He promotes social interactions as a motivation to personality development. Erickson studied stages from the beginning of the life cycle to the later stages of life. Erickson was trained under the famous Sigmund Freud. His belief was that it wasn’t only sex that motivated personality development. Social interaction and a growing sense of competence is the key to it all. Because his beliefs differed from the beliefs of Freud, Erikson quickly began to work on his own. Erickson has focused on many different eras of psychological development.
Ego identity is said to be one of the many things Erickson has focused on. He believed that through social interaction we gain mindful sense of ourselves, which can be commonly referred to as Ego identity. Although, Freud referred to the ego as the match over the necessities of the identity and superego, Erickson saw the ego as our way of our self-esteem. The way Erickson describes ego is the way we commonly use it in conversation. The main idea of Erickson’s developmental theories was that we all at some point in life go through 8 developmental crises of stages. Because the theories focus on development, there is no way to avoid these stages, they are a part of our natural development. Every crisis tests our ego. If you want to be prepared for the next crisis a solution must be found for the previous crisis .This is known as the favorable ratio, which is developing more adaptive than maladaptive behaviors. Each crisis is named after the adaptive vs. maladaptive way of dealing with the problem.
From the beginning of time up until 18 months a sense of security has to be gained. As an infant trust has to be gained. Infants have to be able to trust their guardians when unseen without going through intense uneasiness or animosity. Many parents don’t realize just how much nurturing and caring for your child is important. Trust in the world has to be gained by the child; they need to know that everything will be taken care of. Mistrust is born if the child is led to believe that his/her guardian can’t meet their basic needs. Tender, love, and care is very critical. Favorable ratio has to be developed as previously stated, simply meaning that the majority of the...

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