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Erik Erikson’s Eight Stages Of Development

2559 words - 10 pages

Opening
Erik Erikson stated that there are eight psychosocial stages of development. Within each of these stages, he states that there is a crisis that must be resolved. Trust vs. mistrust is the first, which occurs from the time you were born to about one year of age. From there you move on to autonomy vs. shame and doubt, which occurs from ages one to three. Then there is initiative vs. guilt, which occurs from age’s three to six. After that it is industry vs. inferiority, which occurs between ages, is six to twelve. Fowling that is intimacy vs. isolation, which occurs between ages eighteen to thirty. Then comes generativity vs. stagnation, which occurs between ages thirty and into late adulthood. The last stage is integrity vs. despair, which occurs in late adulthood. Erikson eight stages of development occur in every one. Your friends and family are all going through different parts of these stages right now.
Erikson’s Life
Erik Erikson was born in Frankfurt Germany June 15th, 1902. His biological father abandoned his mother before he was born. His mother, on her own, raised him Jewish. When he was three years old, his mother married his pediatrician Dr. Theodor Heomberger. While going to school his core classes he took were art and English classes. After he graduated high school, he wanted to become an artist. After traveling Europe for a year, barely making it by and homeless, he enrolled into an art school. Once he graduated art school, he started to teach art to kids at Vienna. While he was teaching there, he became interested in psychoanalysis. He was admitted into the Psychoanalytic Institute at Vienna as a student, this is where he meets his wife Joan. The fear of Nazis made Erikson and his wife flea to Boston. While there, he was offered a job at Harvard Medical School as a child psychoanalyst. After teaching at Harvard, he began to teach at Yale and later at Berkley. Over the next few years, Erikson began his studies on the eight stages of development. In 1994 at the age of 91, Erikson passed away.
Trust vs. Mistrust
The first of the eight stages occurs from birth to approximately one year of age. The crisis in this stage is learning to either trust or mistrust. During this stage, the child learns about the world and relies solely on its caregiver. If the caregiver is successful, in which they provide all the basic needs for the child and shows it love and compassion the child will learn to trust those around them. Myers. According to David Myers “if needs are dependably met, infants develop a sense of basic trust” (Myers, 2010, pg. 201). The child will begin to trust the world and believe that others can be depended on and are reliable. If the opposite occurs and the caregiver is abusive or neglects the child, the child will learn to mistrust. They will think the world is an undependable and unpredictable place. While going through this stage, the child learning to trust or mistrust will have a tremendous impact on the rest of...

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