This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Erik Erikson’s Psychosocial Stages And Middle Childhood Development

1801 words - 7 pages

At the age of 6 years old, a child would most likely experienced the school system which would include pre-school and kindergarten. There are many physical, cognitive and social changes that are happening in middle childhood development. This paper will examine what these changes affect the child’s ability to function in society. This analysis will focus on the normal course of development in middle childhood as it applies to the theorist Erik Erikson’s Psychosocial Stages and then give examples of what may happen if the developments are not carried out.
In middle childhood (aged 6-12), the child will experience the Industry vs. Inferiority stage. This is the fourth stage of Erikson’s psychosocial stage. With the previous three stages, the child has already learned to decide what is right and wrong, deciding when to say no, and has learn to trust others through attachment (Boyd, Johnson, & Bee, 2009). The child will for the first time be sent to school to kindergarten; where they will learn to interact with new children of their age.
Physical Changes and Development
Boyd, Johnson, & Bee (2009) say that, “between the ages 6 and 12, children grow 5 to 8 centimeters and add about 2.75 kilograms each year.” The child will be able learn how to use their large muscles to learn new skills such as running long distances in track and field and riding their bike without the use of training wheels (Boyd, Johnson, & Bee, 2009). There is an improvement in their hand eye coordination which enables the child to catch or kick a ball in field sports (Boyd, Johnson, & Bee, 2009).
At this age, children are prone to injuries that involve falling. Ginsburg (1992) says, “the child begins to take an interest in the “utensils, tools and the weapons used by big people” (p.97). This leads to the child in harming themselves unintentionally due to carelessness or being uncoordinated. Studies show that childhood injuries and deaths occur right in their home (Morrongiello, Corbett, McCourt, & Johnston, 2006). In the United States, it is estimated that 1 in 4 children will experience an injury that will need medical attention (Morrongiello, Corbett, McCourt, & Johnston, 2006). Erikson’s psychosocial theory is an excellent way to better understand why a child will get injured by providing a different perspective (Ginsburg, 1992). This will lead to more extensive research on childhood injuries (Ginsburg, 1992).
Social skills
If the child is unable to play with others, participate in school activities and demonstrate proper social behavior. The parents or the teacher should intervene to ask the child why they are not participating. Failure to participate in these developmental activities could be a sign of low self esteem, depression, abuse and being bullied by others.
The child develops a sense of pride and competence in new skills they learn (Huffman, Younger, & Vanston, 2010). For example, this accomplished by being confident that they score a...

Find Another Essay On Erik Erikson’s Psychosocial Stages and Middle Childhood Development

Erik Erikson’s Eight Stages of Development

1485 words - 6 pages because of the developing process. The outcome of our lives depends on the way we chose to progress throughout each stage in life. Erikson had his own way in describing each stage in life that we all must go through. Erik Erikson’s eight Stages of man; politically known as the eight stages of psychosocial development. He promotes social interactions as a motivation to personality development. Erickson studied stages from the beginning of the life

Erik Erikson’s Eight Stages of Development

1153 words - 5 pages According to Magill, “Erik Erikson's identified the eight stages of psychosocial development which to cover a specific period of time and is biologically based” (Magill, 1998, p. 225). Erikson wanted to try to combine Sigmund Freud’s emphasis on sexual drives with the emphasis on social motive stress by other theorist (Wittig, Belkin, & Wittig, 1990, p. 279). The stages will be discussed later in the essay. I will be also giving a brief

Stages of Development: Middle Childhood

2314 words - 9 pages promote their child’s growth and development during this stage of life. During middle childhood, children are experiencing physical changes as they go from early childhood to middle childhood. Zembar and Blume (2009) write that, “School-age children undergo rapid spurts in height and weight as well as improvement in athletic abilities. They begin the onset of puberty at varied ages, with 11 years the average age for girls and 13 years for boys

A Comparison and Discussion of Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory of Development, Freud’s Psychosexual Stages of Development, and Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development

2165 words - 9 pages A Comparison and Discussion of Erikson's Psychosocial Theory of Development, Freud's Psychosexual Stages of Development, and Piaget's Stages of Cognitive DevelopmentDevelopmental Psychology ISubmitted on May 23, 2014Written ByEmine YILDIZ010311094ZIRVE UNIVERSITYGaziantep, TurkeyIntroductionHuman development is a highly complex concept among concepts of human sciences. Developmentalists claim that every single event in each stage of childhood

Early Childhood Psychosocial Development

1599 words - 6 pages are three types of human development changes: physical development, cognitive development and psychosocial development. Our group member’s choice is psychosocial development in early childhood. Early childhood is the children that range at the aged 3 to 5 years. Erik Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development is one of the best known theories of personality in psychology. Erik Erikson reinterpreted Freud’s psychosexual theory by incorporating

Erikson’s Eight Stages of Development and Occupational Therapy

2336 words - 9 pages research; some well-known works include Childhood and Society and The Life Cycle Completed. He won a Pulitzer Prize and a National Book Award for his book Gandhi's Truth. He died May 12, 1994 in Harwich, Massachusetts (Cherry, 2014). Stages of Development Erikson’s theory of growth and development had eight very distinct stages. His theory assumes that a life crisis occurs during each stage of development. In Erikson’s case the crises are

Erik Erikson's Stages of Development

3331 words - 13 pages Eric Erikson was one of the most famous theorists of the twentieth century; he created many theories. One of the most talked about theories is his theory of psychosocial development. This is a theory that describes stages in which an individual should pass as they are going through life. His theory includes nine stages all together. The original theory only included eight stages but Erikson‘s wife found a ninth stage and published it after his

Erik Erikson's Theory of Psychosocial Development

834 words - 4 pages could allow the child to help by recording what he ate and his output during the day. (Potter et al., 2012-2014) Erik Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development is different than those of other theorists and yet has some similar traits, such as the life span development. The eight stages of his theory each play an important role for both the caregiver and the patient. The industry and inferiority stage is especially important to understand

Erik Erikson's Theory of Psychosocial Development

1200 words - 5 pages Psychoanalyst Erik Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development explains how the human identity develops and evolves in eight stages from birth to death. Each one occurs in a predetermined order; the current stage builds upon the previous one and lays the groundwork for future stages (Wikimedia). Each stage has a specific “crisis” or conflict, a turning point in the individual’s life which must be reconciled before moving on to the next. If

Middle Childhood and Adolescent Development

1023 words - 4 pages Middle childhood, is a very exciting time for young children from the ages of seven to twelve years old. It’s known as the school years and new social and cognitive traits are being learned at home and at school. Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theory found this to be the latentcy period in which no much happens. He described this because children at this age sexual and aggressive urges are repressed ("Stages of Growth Development," 1898-1987

Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development Applied to Teaching Technology

2267 words - 9 pages Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development Applied to Teaching Technology Erik Erikson believed that individual development takes place in a social context. He believed that development is a lifelong process. His theory contains eight stages of development that occur at different points in an individual’s life. At each stage, the individual has, what he coined as, a developmental crisis. Developmental crises are issues in the stage

Similar Essays

Erikson’s Stages Of Psychosocial Development And My Currently Stage

633 words - 3 pages There are eight stages of psychosocial development, according to Erik Erikson. Erikson’s first stage is infancy, which approximates from birth to one year old. The issue for infants is trust vs. mistrust. In this stage, infants depend on others for food and warmth; therefore, infants must be able to trust the parent for providing those. If the infants’ needs are properly cared by the parent, infants will not only develop trust and security

Adolescent Theory And Erik Erikson’s Eight Stages Of Development

1591 words - 6 pages with a woman. Instead, he hires a prostitute to have his first sexual encounter. Secondly, the topic of the diffusion of time perspective is described throughout Erik Erikson’s classification of identity diffusion and can apply to Joyce’s novel. Kendra Cherry elaborates on this topic when she writes: “As they make the transition from childhood to adulthood, teens may begin to feel confused or insecure about themselves and how they fit in to

Erik Erikson’s Eight Stages Of Development

1246 words - 5 pages unhealthy personality and sense of self would occur in one self. However these stages can be resolved successfully later in the future. Erikson has developed a theory of development and ego, which are the stages of psychosocial development. This theory describes the lifespan development of an individual. Through this theory, we can have a better understanding on what Erikson meant about the ego and identity of one self. He assumes that crises

Erik Erikson’s Eight Stages Of Development 2559 Words

2559 words - 10 pages Opening Erik Erikson stated that there are eight psychosocial stages of development. Within each of these stages, he states that there is a crisis that must be resolved. Trust vs. mistrust is the first, which occurs from the time you were born to about one year of age. From there you move on to autonomy vs. shame and doubt, which occurs from ages one to three. Then there is initiative vs. guilt, which occurs from age’s three to six. After that