Erikson’s Stages Of Psychosocial Development And My Currently Stage

633 words - 3 pages

There are eight stages of psychosocial development, according to Erik Erikson. Erikson’s first stage is infancy, which approximates from birth to one year old. The issue for infants is trust vs. mistrust. In this stage, infants depend on others for food and warmth; therefore, infants must be able to trust the parent for providing those. If the infants’ needs are properly cared by the parent, infants will not only develop trust and security attachment with the parents, but also trust their environment. If not, infants will develop mistrust towards people, things in their environment, and towards themselves. Erikson’s second stage is toddlerhood, which approximates from one year old to three years old. The issue for toddlers is autonomy vs. shame and doubt. In this stage, toddlers have an opportunity to build self-esteem and autonomy as toddlers learn new skills for themselves; toddlers also tend to be ...view middle of the document...

The issue for children is competence vs. inferiority. If children can be productive, pleasure of applying themselves in tasks, and seeking success, they will develop a sense of competence. If not, children will develop a sense of inferiority. Erikson’s fifth stage is adolescence, which approximates from teen years into the 20s. The issue for teenagers is identity vs. role confusion. If teenagers solve different difficult conflicts successfully, they will come out of this stage with a strong identity, and ready to plan for the future. If not, teenagers will sink to confusion, unable to make decisions and choices, and become confused about who they are. Erikson’s sixth stage is young adulthood, which approximates from the 20s to the early 40s. The issue for young adults is intimacy vs. isolation. If young adults have achieved a sense of identity, they can form close relationships and share with others. If not, young adults will fear, unable to depend on anybody in the world, and feel isolated. Erikson’s seventh stage is middle adulthood, which approximate from the 40s to the 60s. The issue for middle adults is generativity vs. stagnation. Middle adults can solve different difficult crisis by having and cultivating children, or helping the next generation. If they cannot successfully resolve the crisis, they will remain self-centered and experience stagnation later in life. Erikson’s eighth stage is late adulthood, which approximate from late 60s to up. The issue for late adults is integrity vs. despair. If late adults have achieved a sense of fulfillment about life, late adults will accept death with a sense of integrity. If not, late adults will despair and fear death.
If you ask me which stages of Psychosocial Development is my current stage? I would think that I would be on the fifth stage. The fifth stage is called adolescence. I don’t think I am on identity side, so I should be in role confusion. My role confusion is that even I know I want to be an engineer, but I am not sure and it always makes me think what I am going to be after college. This happens is because I am struggling with my English classes.

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