This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Eritrean And Ethiopian Political Policy Essay

1896 words - 8 pages

OUTLINE
1. Introduction
2. Background
3. President Isaias’ view
4. Eritrean citizen view
5. Ethiopian view
6. Reflection
7. Eritrea’s solution
8. Closing summary
9. Analytical techniques

Currently the Eritrea’s political policy is a single-party presidential republic. What this means is that president of Eritrea is both the head of state and head of government. Eritrea is also a single party state, and the current ruling party is the People’s Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ). Having a government where your president is both the head of state, head of government, and head of State Council and National Assembly can cause issues, and currently Eritrea has many issues that could be fixed if changes in government policy are implemented. This paper will prove that a change of the political climate from a military oriented, strong-arm, non-negotiable policy directed towards the citizens of Eritrea, neighboring countries, and IC, to a democratic political culture would lead to a more stable Africa. This will be done by analyzing the interests of the Eritrean government, citizens, and Ethiopia. Currently, the United States is trying to help promote stability in the Horn of Africa, but the relationship between Eritrea and Ethiopia can do more to facilitate stability than the United States.
Here is a little background information on Eritrea: Eritrea gained independence from Italian colonial control in 1941, and the UN established Eritrea as an autonomous region within the Ethiopian federation in 1952. Ethiopia’s full annexation of Eritrea as a province in 1961 sparked a 30 year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating government forces. In 1998, Eritrea engaged in a two and a half year border war with Ethiopia. In 2007 the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission (EEBC) assigned a demarcation line that Ethiopia has not accepted, and leads to continued border clashes today. (CIA, 2014)
President Isaias Afworki has been in charge since 8 June 1993. President Isaias does not tolerate criticism of his political activities and has made it a criminal offense. He consolidated his power through raw repression and displays a strong contempt for Western-style democracy and a near-paranoiac suspicion towards foreigners. He is regarded as a remarkably stubborn and difficult man who does not respond to threats and diplomatic influence and, in fact, has a distaste for compromise and diplomacy, both of which he considers weaknesses. President Isaias has thus established a reputation and record for toughness and ruthlessness, trying to alter borders by force, willing to go to war for what he perceives to be Eritrea’s interests, regardless of the outcome of past confrontations. (Mesfin, 2008) President Isaias’ goal is to unify and strengthen Eritrea through sheer force. The intent may be noble, but process has thus far brought about the opposite outcome. President Isaias has effectively created a military state. ...

Find Another Essay On Eritrean and Ethiopian Political Policy

Imperialism is the policy of extending a nation's authority by territorial acquisition or by the establishment of economic and political hegemony over other nations

1233 words - 5 pages Imperialism is the policy of extending a nation's authority by territorial acquisition or by the establishment of economic and political hegemony over other nations. Old Imperialism took place before the onset of the Industrial revolution, during that time period contact and the ability to conquer lands was limited due to the fact of a lack of technology and knowledge. During the years 1870-1914, there was a new Imperialism, in which the

Political Alienation in “Strengthening Citizen Participation in Public Policy-Making: A Canadian Perspective” by Michael R. Woodford and Susan Preston

690 words - 3 pages In “Strengthening Citizen Participation in Public Policy-Making: A Canadian Perspective” by Michael R. Woodford and Susan Preston asses how citizen participation and government accountability in policy-making are often at odds. It is not often that Canadians have been begrudged the opportunity to participate in public hearings, citizen polls and other consultative methods; however, the degree to which their voices have been taken into account

Instability in Eritrea and its Impact on the United States

979 words - 4 pages independence from Ethiopia lasted for 30 years. The Eritrean People's Liberation Front, which became the political party referred to as the People's Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ), has controlled Eritrea since its victory over the Ethiopian military forces in 1991. The deaths from this war resulted in women being in charge of 30% of Eritrean households. There are more than 150,000 estimated mines, most placed by Ethiopian forces during the war

Eritrea and Ethiopia

1002 words - 4 pages The relationship between Eritrea and Ethiopia has been strained at best, since the end of the Eritrean-Ethiopian Border War. Recent border skirmishes between the two countries have raised concerns with the United Nations (U.N.) that another war could breakout. The United States (U.S.) has had a strong interest in the area for over a century, and more importantly, has close ties with Ethiopia. The recent hostilities have been provoked by

Borders, Tigrayans, and Ports – Oh My!

1839 words - 7 pages . However, when larger chores arise, such as harvest or major home issues, the men and women will aid the other. There are approximately 4.9 million Tigrayans in the Ethiopian state of Tigray and Eritrea. The region where most Tigrayans live is a high plateau separated from the Red Sea by a long ridge and arid desert. On the surface, the Ethiopian and Eritrean Tigrayans consider themselves as separate entities but much of the evidence points toward an

Trouble in Ethiopia: It All Addis Up

2961 words - 12 pages and annexed by Ethiopia until gaining its independence in 1991. After its independence, conflicts arose between the two nations over border disputes in the years 1998-2000, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2011, and 2012. Due to this ongoing conflict with Eritrea the economic development of Ethiopia has suffered major setbacks. The wars have disrupted the internal stability in the Tigray region, near the Eritrean-Ethiopian border, and have caused protests

Ethiopia

2632 words - 11 pages , diseases, and corruption, climate hazards issues and has also been involved in was like they had clash with The Eritrean–Ethiopian War took place from May 1998 to June 2000 between Ethiopia and Eritrea. “The economic costs to both countries have been enormous, and the political implications for the two leaderships and the region remain unresolved (White2005: 93). Ethiopia’s argue that their main economic incomes comes from the agricultural

Corruption in Eritrean Government

1618 words - 6 pages autonomy. These guarantees were largely ignored by the Ethiopian Emperor Haile Sellassie. In 1962, the Emperor dissolved the Eritrean parliament which sparked a war for independence from Eritrea (Background Note: Eritrea, 2010). Throughout the 1960’s and 1970’s the Eritreans formed the group Eritrean Liberation Front (ELF) and the ELF breakaway group the Eritrean People’s Liberation Front (EPLF) which became the dominant armed group in Eritrea

Refugees and Internally Displaced Peoples within the Horn of Africa

1685 words - 7 pages people displaced from their homes. However, this was not the case in the early 1990s when there were almost 280,000 refugees and 75,000 IDP as a result of the Eritrean/Ethiopian war (C.I.A., 2011). Eritrea gained its independence from Ethiopia in 1993, leading to violent struggles and border disputes for years to follow. At one point the fighting was so intense that soldiers from both sides were locked in a fierce battle long after the civilians had

ethiopian jews immigration to israel

1748 words - 7 pages through deserts and resulted in the deaths of thousands of Ethiopian Jews . There were two main missions: Operation Moses and Operation Solomon. The Jewish Ethiopians who came with Operation Moses fled from Ethiopia to Sudan following the deteriorating political and economic situation in Ethiopia and subsequently waited a long time at refugee camps in Sudan. Occurring between November 1984- January 1985, Operation Moses was facilitated by the

Ethiopia: Founding Fathers

1610 words - 6 pages offered is seen the best when the states come together to make decisions at the federal level. The government is able to cooperate to make the rest of the country better because if they are not able to work together the country cannot function. However the issue of a more perfect union is an issue in Ethiopia. In their preamble, they state that the government is going to keep political peace and democratic order. However, the citizens in

Similar Essays

Potential Effects Of The Eritrean And Ethiopian Border Conflict

1313 words - 5 pages a weak economy and poor military; additionally, because of this weak economy, Eritrea relied heavily upon Ethiopia’s natural resources (Tesfai, n.d.). By 1991, Eritrea nearly exclusively controlled all possible Ethiopian routes to the sea, however Eritrea was willing to guarantee Ethiopian use of the port of Assad (Van der Splinter, n.d.). In April 1993, the Eritrean People’s Liberation Front (EPLF), under the command of President Isaias

Globalization And Political Policy Essay

2136 words - 9 pages technology is greatly changing in the global world. Secondly is the latest sentiments and notion that has become accepted as changing the international environment and turning the whole world into a global village. Perhaps the most distinct characteristic of current globalization is the globalization of national policies and the policy making mechanisms. The national policies which include economic, social, political and technological aspects are until

The Weakening Of Representation And Policy Making: The Downfall Of Political Parties

1512 words - 6 pages parties in Congress, the absence of compromise leads to gridlock in regards to passing legislations by members of Congress. In this paper, I will argue how the strengthening of political parties’ polarization in America—and the priority of party over constituents—contributed to a lack of effective representation and increased challenges to policy-making. In the United States, members of Congress align themselves with party leaders over their

Political Ideologies Play A Significant Role In Determining The Direction Of Leisure And Tourism Policy

2181 words - 9 pages "Political Ideologies play a significant role in determining the direction of leisure and tourism policy" DiscussIntroductionFor this essay I want to focus on policies of leisure from an ideological context. I will be looking at policies that have been created over the years and the views of different political ideologies on them. Different ideologies have different views on subjects related to leisure policy and public policy in general