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Ernest Rutherford Essay

1029 words - 5 pages

Introduction
A highly recognized character in the areas of chemistry was Ernest Rutherford. His distinctive ideas created discoveries and theories that made him famous, up to a point that he's even being considered the father of nuclear physics, not an everyday title. Nowadays we know of certain types of rays thanks to Edward, even though he basically named them. A sturdy example would be the gamma rays, that are used in therapeutic machines. Ernest basically implanted a seed in science which later developed into massive discoveries.

Biography
Ernest Rutherford was once born in Nelson, New Zealand. It was a 30 of August, of 1871 when this genius was brought to the world. He was the second ...view middle of the document...

Frederick Soddy joined Ernest with the Disintegration Theory related with radioactivity. Otto Hahn later expanded this theory, discovering the atomic fission. His biggest contribution to physics would be his ideal of nucleus. With some help and testing he discovered that some elements might be disintegrated through the impact of alpha particles. His laboratory released many Nobel Prize winners. Married Mary Newton in 1900, and had a daughter named Eileen. Ernest worked until the end of his outstanding life. Died on October 19 of 1937 and his ashes where buried.

Investigations and research
As a research student in the Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge University, Ernest Rutherford participated in several discoveries. In 1895 Ernest discovered a new, simpler, and more comercial mean of detecting radio waves than the one available at that time. After the discovery of radioactive atoms in 1896, Rutherford became increassingly interested in radioactivity. He discovered that atoms give off two types of rays; alpha rays, and beta rays. Also in his researches he found out that some Types of heavy atoms can be broken down into lighter atoms. Rutherford is atributed the discovery of a radioactive gas known as radon. Besides this amazing discoveries he became interested in ion- produced radiations after participating with professor J. J. Thompson in the effects X- rays have on the conductivity of gases. In 1904 his first book, Radioactivity was published. One of his major accomplishements was recieving a Nobel Prize in 1908 for his work on the transmutation of elements and the chemistry of radioactive substances.

Experiments
During his carrer as a scientist Ernest Rutherford participated, led, and collaborated in several experiments, most of which were related to radioactivity. He used his own machine, made back in New Zealand, to detect electromagnetic waves. With this device he was able to successfully detect radioactive waves from many hundred metered. During the First World War, Ernest went to England, where he began working with acoustic...

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