Ernesto "Che" Guevara
Ernesto "Che" Guevara, a doctor and revolutionary in Bolivia, was assassinated by the American CIA for many political reasons, thus becoming a legend and idol after the Latin American Revolution. In the United States Che is remembered only as a relic of the 1960 revolution. In Europe he became a pop icon among the youth with little or no historical reference. Only in Cuba does his legacy stand for the hope and faith of the Latin American people.
Ernesto Guevara de la Serna was born June 14, 1928, in the town of Rosario, Argentina. His father's name was Ernesto Guevara Lynch, and his mothers name was Celia de la Serna. He had two sisters, Celia and Ana, and two brothers, Roberto and Juan Martin. Early in Che's life he developed a severe case of asthma from which he suffered for the rest of his life. Later as he grew up, he learned to hurtle past pain, leaving it behind in some half-helpless disarray (Franklin 13). His primary education was accomplished mainly at home with his mother teaching him. During this time, he became an avid reader of Marx, Engel and Freud, which he found in his father's library.
After he graduated from high school, Che went to Buenos Aires University, showing interest in the medical field. His interest in the medical field was the result of his wanting to better understand his asthma; but also he had a more personal reason. His mother had developed breast cancer, and he wanted to find a cure. During his second year at college, he entered the medical college surprising his father. His father said, "I'd hoped, Ernesto, that you might be an engineer." (Franklin 10) In 1951, Che dropped his studies temporarily to go on a journey with a friend, traveling to Argentina, Chile, Peru, Columbia, Venezuela, and finally Miami. He did this against his teacher's will. He returned home and finished his degree at Buenos Aires University in 1953.
From his mid-college trip, he decided that only a revolution could aid Latin America with all its problems. When he arrived in Guatemala, it was during the Arbenz presidency where he refused to join the communist party.
When Arbenz fell, he went to Mexico City in September of 1954. There he married Hilda Gadea and had one daughter; Hilda Beatriz Guevara Gadea. He worked in the general hospital and became a president of the class at a farm for Cuban revolutionaries. At this camp, he met Fidel Castro and began to train with Castro's forces in guerilla warfare. During this time Guevara fought alongside Castro during the Cuban revolution; he quickly became Castro's main advisor (Ernest "Che" Guevara 1).
In 1959 Castro came to power and offered "Che" a Cuban citizenship, which he accepted. Also at this time, he divorced Hilda and married Aleida March; with her he had Aleida Guevara March, Camilo Guevara March, Celia Guevara March, and Ernesto Guevara March. From this point, he became very involved in Castro's government, where he signed and...