Escherichia Coli Fact Sheet Essay

1137 words - 5 pages

Escherichia coli, more commonly knows as E. coli, is a germ that can be found and lives in the digestive tract and intestinal tract. This bacterium can be found in both humans and animals. There are a large number of various strains of E. coli. Based on past and recent research most of the strains have been determined as harmless. One of the strains can be painful and cause a lot of discomfort. Another strain called O157:H7 can be more serious. This particular strain can effect the kidneys, causing them to fail, severe anemia, and can even result in death. E. coli bacteria can be found in people that come into contact with feces of humans or animals, and this happens when water or food that has been contaminated is consumed. The germ can also be transmitted by cross contamination of raw meats and produce, drinking unpasteurized milk or fruit juices. E. coli can be found in lakes, ponds, pools, or other sources that supply water. When found in these areas the bacterium is in the form of human or animal feces and the lack of proper treatment of water. The bacteria can be spread from one person to another by shaking hands that have not been cleaned thoroughly. E. coli can also be passed on by human contact with an object. This germ is most often cleared out of the system in five to ten days. Commonly, the infected person does not have to be hospitalized and can reach full recovery at home. The recommended treatment for this infection is to drink lots of liquids and to get plenty of rest. Antibiotics should not be used to treat the symptoms of this infection.

Taxonomy of the Species

Domain: Bacteria Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria Family: Enterobacteriaceae
Class: Gamma Proteobacteria Genus: Escherichia
Order: Escherichia Species: Escherichia coli (E. coli)

Diagnostic information
E. coli will cause the infected person to demonstrate certain symptoms of this poisoning bacteria. Physicians will advise that blood tests be done to confirm the diagnosis. The method of deriving this is with taking a sample of a person's stool. Diarrhea is the main symptom of E. coli but should not be treated with anti-diarrhea medicine as this will slow down the recovery process and time.

Sources, mode of transmission, and pathogenesis
E. coli bacterium are found in undercooked ground beef, raw cookie dough, produce grown in or fertilized with cow manure, and vegetables washed with contaminated water. Some other sources where this bacteria can be found is in unpasteurized milk or fruit juice, uncleaned hands and preparation surfaces not cleaned properly or often, along with these surfaces if there has been cross-contamination. The germ can be passed from a person's uncleaned hand to an object. One last source for transmission is from an animal that has been handled by a person, this occurs when the person does not wash their hands after contact with the animal.

Symptoms
The most common symptom on the E. coli bacteria, in it's most common...

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