What makes politcal power legitimate? Through out history philosopher have have had numerous views about what makes something legitimate. Some has concluded that by the means of justice political power is legitimate, such philosopher who express those views are Kant and Rousseau. Meanwhile, others viewed that political power comes from our right to perserve our life without any interferences,meaning, that we have the power to do what is neccesary to ensure our existence, such philosopher who express those views is Hobbes and Locke. As well, they are those who see political power in a extremist way,referring that we can take power or adapt a new type of government that promotes political power for everyone. Political power can be seen through the establishment of justice, the perservation of life and the acquirement of power.
Justice through the eyes of Immanuel Kant is treating others with dignity. According to Kant, respect must be giving to everyone because everyone is a human being, therefore, respect should not be giving just for wanting to act polite. We need to behave in this manner as if it was written in stone. In the Fundemetal Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals, Kants writes "act as if the maxim of your actions were to become by your will a universal law of nature" (Section Two, Metaphysic of Morals), which means that people should conduct themselves base on their beliefs as if those beliefs were laws. Those same words can be used to legitimate political power because it gives that idea thats any belief or action taken based on a belief it justifiable. Kants in the way he defines justice also give an idication of how legitimate political power.
Moving from Kant viewed of respecting everyone as human being and act upon that as if it was common law, Hobbes suggest differently, he believes that we have that political power is within us. Hobbes suggest that our common right is to prefers our life at any means. In the Leviathan, he writes "The right of nature, which writers commonly call Jus Naturale, is the Liberty each man hath, to use his own power, as he will himselfe, for the preservation of his own Nature; that is to say, of his own Life;
and consequently, of doing any thing, which in his own Judgement, and Reason, hee shall conceive to be the aptest means thereunto"(Leviathan, Chapter 14), which illustrates that that point that men has that right defend its own life by any means, therefore, any action is consider legal. Also, in A Discourse Upon The Origin And The Foundation Of The Inequality Among Mankind, Rousseau makes that same arguement as Hobbes about the self-perservation of life, he writes "The first sentiment of man was that of his existence, his first care that of preserving it."(Discourses of Equality, Second Part), which means thats men first priority is to perserves it life. Finally, it legistimate political power because since birth man have the right to defend itself making it a universal law that cannot be...