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An Analysis Of Franklin D. Roosevelt's Speech After The Pearl Harbor Attack

971 words - 4 pages

It was the day that we would live in infamy; it would be the day that we would remember the most. On December 7, 1941, the Japanese naval forces bombed Pearl Harbor when least expected. We were unprepared for such an attack that it led us to entering World War II. While the rest of the country was still in shock of what had happened, this tragic event is an event that no one can ever forget and President Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s speech had just the same significance. He urged Congress for a declaration of war that resulted to an entry of World War II. Although the speech was written to declare war, President Roosevelt also wanted to urge the people of the country to support the war efforts. To this day, the speech is most recognized for its effectiveness in logical, ethical, and pathetical proofs for declaring war with Japan.
The ethical proof of Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s speech is obvious as he is the President of the United States. Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s speech already established credibility for his position in government because many people viewed him as a
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trustworthy leader. According to The White House, "he was elected President in November 1932, to the first of four terms" (The White House). Being elected for four terms shows that he is fit and trusted for the position of president. Roosevelt is the only president that served four consecutive terms so it shows that the people of his country trusted him to make the judgment to declare war on Japan. Although most speakers would use statistics and logic to prove or persuade their audience, Roosevelt's title in government and long term service is most creditable in his speech.
With this creditability, Franklin Delano Roosevelt mostly relied on pathetical proofs. He appealed to his audience using emotional appeals by saying how "during the intervening time the Japanese Government had deliberately sought to deceive the United States by false statements and expressions of hope for continued peace" (Roosevelt). He conveys how the Japanese Empire deceived the United States and that they should not stand for it. Most parts of the speech had a stern and serious tone that made his audience feel remorse and emotional of the attacks.
When speaking with a serious tone, we would most likely take his speech seriously and will be more likely care for it. He used this to his advantage and moved the audience to care for what happened at Pearl Harbor. The tone he used also motivated
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his audience to support the declaration of war of Japan. Roosevelt goes on and tells his audience how it "caused severe damage to American naval and military forces" and "many American lives were lost" (Roosevelt). When he says that many lives were lost, the audience usually feels a sense of remorse for the lives lost. It angers the audience about how they were unexpectedly attacked and how they felt cheated by Japan. Roosevelt shows how " [we...

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