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International Relations And Its Three Theories

1657 words - 7 pages

Having a strong understanding of the global political environment is foundational and a perfectly necessary element of being a college educated person in the 21st century. In current 24-hour news cycle where the CNN effect has changed that form of media forever, persons to day are saturated in information about international systems, political and social ideality and more as they move through the day. In order to better understanding this global environment, I enrolled in a course entitled International Relations (IR). Within IR, three major theories are studied to explain international politics and relationships. They are realism and neorealism theory of power; liberalism and neoliberalism theory of reciprocity and identity principles. (Dr.P,Handout) The third major theory of study is that of Marxist/ socialists and radical approaches to international relations. (Dr.P,Handout) Among these theoretical paradigms each are imperfect and contain deficiencies to there perspective , by over or under emphasizing certain aspects of International relations. To better understand each of these approaches they must first be explored and among the most effectively current method discovered and utilized.

Among these theoretical paradigms is that of the realist school of political thought as it attempt to explain in terms of power they international relations field.(G&P 43) It is through these paradigm that the concept of power politics was founded and supported. (G&P, 44). That is to say politics that are down by utilizing military and economic power by states toward another state to achieve the outcome that state wish to result in the international field. (G&P,44). Unlike the alternative political theories to be explored later, realism has a firm foundation on the principle of dominance unlike the other theories that tend to be rooted in reciprocity and identity. (G&P,44). Realism and its adherence, called realist, tend to explain international political power as being separate from and over those of ideology, morality, ethics, or other economic and social areas of social science.( G&P 43) Realists hold that states form their choices by operating as autonomous actors acting with the goal of rationally achieving that states interests on the global international system,. (G&P, 4) When it comes to international alliances and treaty realist view them as fluid and only necessary if it directly benefit that state's own interest such as trade, climate change or arms reductions. (G&P, 63) When it comes to the international system as a whole, realist believes it exists in a complete state of anarchy, which means that the system lacks any centralized governmental form or norms. (G&P, 52). Because of this anarchy, which in their view will persisted, security dilemmas are completely normal and will continue to be some in the international system of relations (G&P, 50). With this anarchy, realist utilize political and economic power as their sole ability...

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