Task 1 P1 – Describe legislations and policies relating to the health, safety and security of children in a care setting.
Legislations and policies are extremely important in childcare settings in order to protect both staff and children. Legislations are created by a governing body and are put in place to ensure that guidelines are followed in order to reinforce safety and security within a setting. Furthermore, policies are used to ensure that everyone is working to obey the law and to meet the standards that are stated in the legislations.
In 1974, the Health and Safety at Work Act, also referred to as HSWA, was put in place to make further terms for securing the health, safety and welfare of a person within a working environment, making it the prime piece of legislation to cover the occupational health and safety in Great Britain. Everybody within a workforce has the duty to obey the act in order to promote, stimulate and encourage high standards of health and safety so that themselves, their employees, their fellow peers and the members of the public feel safe. Employees must be provided with the appropriate clothing and equipment for their own safety and protection. Additionally, all machinery that is used, if needed, should be of high standards and regularly checked to make sure that it is still suitable for use.
Within a childcare setting, providers must ensure that all the staff receives induction training to help them build their understanding on their roles and responsibilities. This will help them gain knowledge on emergency evacuation procedures, safeguarding children, child protection, the setting’s equality policy and any health and safety issues. All providers must be able to put into practice a health and safety policy and any procedures that may cover identifying, reporting and dealing with accidents, hazards and faulty equipment. Consequently, any classroom assistants should be aware and informed about the health and safety guidelines that directly address and affect any work they may be undertaking in order to support the class teacher.
Furthermore, in 1990 The Food Safety Act was introduced covering the guidelines on personal and kitchen hygiene. Personal hygiene involves regular hand washing, using antibacterial soaps, keeping nails clean and short, keeping long hair tied back whilst dealing with food, covering the nose and mouth when coughing and sneezing, covering up any cuts and using disposable gloves. Kitchen hygiene involves keeping all surfaces cleaned to eliminate additional bacteria growth, using separate boards and knives for cooked and uncooked foods, keeping floors thoroughly clean, washing up any dirty equipment, ensuring that the temperature of the refrigerator is kept at 4-5ºC, storing cooked foods at the top of the refrigerator with the raw foods placed below, keeping all foods well covered, checking the use by date in order to not use out of date food, emptying all bins regularly and thoroughly cleaning...