Periodization refers to the breakdown of a training program into discreet time periods called macrocycles, mesocycles and microcycles. It is a way to organize training goals. It involves breaking the training period into phases that focuses on various aspects. Although each phase has different goal but each phase is built upon the results of previous phase.
COMPONENTS OF PERIODIZATION
A macrocycle is the entire training period. It consists of mesocycles and micro cycles. For some sports having one season per year, a macrocycle can be a year while some sports have multiple seasons per year and thus multiple macrocycles.
A mesocycle is the periodical breakdown of macrocycle. It can last for several months or several weeks. In a periodized program, each mesocycle has different purpose but each mesocycle is built upon the progress of previous mesocycle(s).
Several micocycles make up a mesocycle. A microcycle is the cycle in intensity. It can last for five days or even three weeks for certain muscle groups. A microcycle can also consist of alternate heavy and light workouts according to needs and conditions of clients.
Some examples of sports in which periodization can be utilized are
NECESSITY OF PERIODIZED PROGRAM
Each individual is different and cannot train in the same manner. If all are subjected to the same type of training regimen, the responses will be different. Some will respond fast while some will respond slowly. Therefore, training programs should be created as per individual’s needs and goals. This is the law of individual differences. Creating a periodized training program as per individual’s body type, age, goals, condition results in successful accomplishment of one’s goals and at...