Essay About: Mussolini And Fascist Italy Undoubtedly A Dictatorship, But Nevertheless, Popular With The Italian People."

2028 words - 9 pages

Q: 'How far do you agree with this description of Mussolini's role in the years 1924-36?'Answer:During Mussolini's role as Dictator, there are various points during 1924-36, which hi-light the 'highs and lows' of Mussolini's career. There are those that illustrate that Mussolini was 'undoubtedly a dictator' and was 'popular with the people', and others that contradict this statement, and this will be shown within the content of this essay.Mussolini having been made Prime Minister, pre 1924, made it known to Parliament that he saw his main task as stabilising the economy. Whether or not this was the whole truth in the debate: it did however, win him the vote of confidence from Parliament. ...view middle of the document...

Due to this, opposition deputies, predominantly socialist and communist dissidents walked out of Parliament in protest saying they were 'true representatives of the people.' Mussolini responded by banning them from Parliament and using the militia to prevent their return. Sadly they did this in the belief that the King would support them in setting up their own assembly, and dismiss Mussolini. However, the Matteotti crisis, although leaving Mussolini somewhat weakened, it left him facing a severely depleted opposition, and gave rise to yet more Fascist dominance of the Italian State, particularly as many Liberals continued to support Mussolini, seeing the crisis as an opportunity to exert their own beliefs on a weakened Prime Minister. If the 'Aventine Succession' had never happened, the Matteotti crisis may well have brought about the downfall of Mussolini. In reality it was this that led to the establishment of a dictatorship, and enabled him to expand his party gaining more and more support. So although this crisis looked to diminish Mussolini's career, this instead stabilised Mussolini's dictatorship, as at the time of the Matteotti crisis Mussolini's career looked uncertain to last, however with the 'Aventine Succession' following the crisis, this enabled Mussolini's hold on power as a dictator.While Mussolini still enjoyed support from the Italian King, and significantly less political opposition, the controversy surrounding the death of Matteotti refused to settle. As a result of this, in July 1924 Mussolini moved to introduce press censorship and banned meetings of all other political parties- trademarks of the establishment of dictatorships. This created opposition from two key areas, firstly, Liberals who had previously supported him, disliked having censorship of the press, and more importantly, in December 1924 leading Fascists, frustrated by Mussolini's lack of radicalism in creating a dictatorship presented him with an ultimatum. Their support would be withdrawn unless he ended the Matteotti affair and took decisive steps towards total power.Therefore, the above shows, that pre 1924 and during 1924 there were already signs of Mussolini's career fluctuating, where he would be succeeding in the steps towards a dictatorship, and then events, such as the Matteotti crisis which did not made him 'popular with the Italian people'. But what can also be seen from the way in which Mussolini worked pre 1924 and during 1924 is that the methods he used to attain more and more power, which led to his dictatorship, were used right the way through up to 1939.Mussolini was a brilliant orator, and can possibly be seen as the finest in twentieth century European History. Mussolini appealed to all sections of society particularly as the population on the whole were weak minded and uneducated, and this therefore made him 'popular with the Italian people', and enabled Mussolini to later establish a dictatorship, as he had widespread support from many...

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