Essay Based On Macbeth By William Shakespeare Following The Question 'some Critics Argue That Macbeth Was Not Ultimately Responsible For His Eventual Downfall. Discuss'

1310 words - 5 pages

Macbeth is a tragedy written by the playwright William Shakespeare for King James VI. It is about Macbeths change from brave soldier to uncaring murderer. In this essay I will be discussing whether Macbeth was responsible for his actions and his ultimate downfall.The play starts with the three witches on a moor during a battle between the Scots and the King of Norway aided by the traitorous Thane of Cawdor. They plan to meet with Macbeth. By saying his name they associate him with evil or the supernatural. They say 'Fair is foul and foul is fair' This gives the impression of chaos and things not being what they seem which is a recurring theme throughout the play. After winning the battle Macbeth and his friend and comrade Banquo meet the witches on the moor. The witches tell them their future and Macbeth goes on a killing spree to achieve his goal of being king culminating in his demise at the hands, or rather the sword, of Macduff.The Two Main characters are Macbeth and Lady Macbeth, his wife.Macbeth starts out as a well-known and highly respected warrior. He is absolutely trusted by King Duncan who says of him 'O Valiant cousin, worthy gentleman.'Also, he is respected not just by the king but by his comrades in arms as well. This is shown when an injured and bloody sergeant says to Duncan "For brave Macbeth, well he deserves that name" Soon afterwards it is shown that Macbeth is a noble and honourable Thane by showing how much he respects king Duncan when he was angry at himself at thoughts of killing Duncan when Malcolm is named successor to the throne. After killing Duncan and becoming King, Macbeth turns into a tyrant and butcher, killing many people and causing more to run away from him before he is ultimately defeated by Malcolm and Macduff's army.In the beginning of the play Lady Macbeth is more ambitious than her husband, and wants to see them in power. She is the one who convinces Macbeth to commit murders to become more powerful. We see several instances of Lady Macbeth being much more determined to achieve her ambitions of becoming powerful and important than Macbeth. When Macbeth is first confronted with a situation where he will have to commit a murder to continue his rise to king, he struggles with the idea. He says that he is not afraid of the crime itself, but the consequences of it, "If it were done when 'tis done, then 'twere well, It were done quickly. If the assassination, Could trammel up the consequence, and catch, with his surcease success." When Lady Macbeth discovers this, however, she becomes determined to make him change his mind, manipulating him with remarkable effectiveness, dismissing all his objections. She questions his manhood and courage. This convinces Macbeth to commit the murder, despite still doubting it. Lady Macbeth's admirably strength of will is shown throughout the murder of King Duncan, as it is she who steadies her husband's nerves immediately after the murder has been commited. We also see that Lady...

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