Essay: Was The Spanish Civil War A Preamble To Wwii?

1138 words - 5 pages

The Spanish Civil War was fought in 1936. It was a war that divided the country and unified its citizens to fight for their ideals and beliefs. There were two sides in the war, the Republicans and the Nationalists. The Nationalists were led by General Franco and were known as the rights, and the Republicans were led by Azana and were known as the lefts. The Spanish Civil War took place right before World War II and was fought for the similar reasons as to why World War II was fought, fascism versus democracy. Many believe that because of this, the Spanish Civil War was a precursor to World War II. With the facts and data that are out there for scholars to read, it is not a fact that the Spanish Civil War was a precursor to World War II. However, the Spanish Civil War was used as a training camp for the Axis power, it was fought for similar ideas as those of Hitler and Mussolini, and most important, many countries around the world were directly involved in the fighting during the Spanish Civil War.The Spanish Civil War began with a military uprising led by General Franco. Franco was not exactly a fascist; he was rather an authoritarian conservative. He mainly used the army and the Catholic Church as his bases of support and not the parties and paramilitary organizations. However, he accepted help from fascists Mussolini and Hitler. In Hitler's case, there were several incentives from getting involved in the civil war. First, there was the chance to experiment with terror bombing on civilian populated cities that Hitler would later use against Warsaw, Rotterdam and London during World War II. Second, Germany had a program to re arm and prepare for an upcoming war. However, they were short of iron and copper to make the weapons, and with their aid to Spain, there was the promise of the right to use Spain's iron and copper ores. Third, there was the vision of strengthening his relationship with Mussolini and at the same time distracting the British and the French from his activities in the heart of Europe. The European countries that supported the war more than any other countries were Germany and Italy. They sent large quantities of war materiel and troops to assist General Franco. Among that materials were some aircraft and the pilots to fly the planes. Basically, this was a testing ground for new weapons that helped Germany do well in the early months of World War II.The Spanish Civil War was the ground used for the Blitzkrieg, or lightning war, that prepared and helped Hitler's military growth in Europe. Air and tank warfare was tested out on the battlefields of Spain. Spanish citizens and republican forces faced a large bombing scheme towards civilian targets, like Guernica, which would later be used on Britain during WWII. The air war in Spain saw the introduction of the Hartmann BF109 and later the ME109, the Messerschmitt; these were the fastest planes at the time. They were used for bombing cities and for transferring soldiers from city to...

Find Another Essay On Essay: Was the Spanish civil war a preamble to WWII?

The Spanish Civil War 1936-1939 Essay

1565 words - 6 pages The Spanish Civil War (July 18th 1936-April 1st 1939) was a conflict in which the incumbent Second Spanish Republic and political left-wing groups fought against a right-wing nationalist insurrection led by General Francisco Franco, who eventually succeeded in ousting the Republican government and establishing a personal dictatorship. It was the result of the complex political, economic and cultural divisions between Spanish coalitions within

Was the Irish Civil War a ?natural? conclusion to the events of previous years?

1132 words - 5 pages Was the Irish Civil War a ‘natural’ conclusion to the events of previous years?      Some historians will say that the Civil War was a ‘natural’ conclusion to the activities of the previous year others will disagree. This essay will take the line that yes; the civil war was a natural and inevitable conclusion to the Anglo-Irish difficulties. In order to understand why the Civil War came about one must first understand

The Foreshadowing of the Spanish Civil War: The Years before the Spanish Civil War.

3419 words - 14 pages owners, and in particular the 1934 revolts in Catalan and in the Asturias. The assassination of Calvo Sotelo simply acted as a catalyst, a signal for what was needed to purge the country.While the Spanish civil war officially ran from 1936 to 1939, the real problems arose in 1931 when the abdicated King Alfonso XIII agreed to democratic elections. It was the first time in nearly sixty years that free elections had been allowed in Spain. The

The Spanish Civil War: A Microcosm of the Polarization of European Politics

2245 words - 9 pages to view the war as a phenomenon contained within one nation. Despite its obvious domestic orientation as a civil war it was a major international conflict. The reason for this, I would maintain, is the political dogma which surrounded the war. This essay takes the form of a political survey of the Spanish Civil War in which I will divide my time between the process whereby the war was engendered; the political polarisation of both Spain and

How did the Spanish Civil War contribute to appeasement by Britain?

2036 words - 8 pages How did the Spanish Civil War contribute to the policy of appeasement by Britain?Until 1931 Spain, the poorest country in Europe at the time, was a monarchy however, as a result of deep divisions within society exacerbated by the military rule of Primo de Rivera imposed in 1923, the incompetent King Alfonso XIII abdicated. Following municipal elections a liberal government took power but the ensuing republic was immediately at risk from the

Was the American Civil War fought to free the Slaves

786 words - 3 pages Was the American Civil War fought to free the Slaves? The American Civil war was fought between the Northern and Southern States of America. It was a case of the richer and more industrial versus the poorer and more agricultural. So was the war fought for the black slaves’ freedom or as just a division between two contrasting societies in one huge country? Firstly, there were extremely contrasting views on black

To what extent did the Spanish Civil war represent a microcosm of the polarization of European politics between the right and the left?

1987 words - 8 pages Franco's forces and their German and Italian allies. However, heroism was not enough, material help was also needed. Due to the constraints imposed upon them by the non-intervention committee, they would eventually capitulate just months before the politics which had engendered this war would give rise to a second world war.ConclusionIn this essay I hope I have shown the extent to which the Spanish civil war represented the polarization of

This is a review and examination of Orwell's Homage to Catalonia. It concerns the Spanish Civil war, specifically from the side of the POUM.

1044 words - 4 pages The depiction of the Spanish Civil War by George Orwell in his Homage to Catalonia is remarkable; an extremely well written novel. Orwell, an Englishman by way of India, joined the Workers' Party of Marxist Unity (POUM) to fight against Fascism, and if asked why he was fighting, would have said for "common decency". Orwell went to Spain with the intention of doing some writing for various newspapers and journals, but quickly joined a section of

Was the Civil War Inevitable?

1082 words - 4 pages Sandra StokesAmerican HistoryDr.Zaccarini12/07/00Civil WarThe civil war was the one and only war Americans had with themselves. Unlike the other wars, where America fought for their countries freedom or to assist other countries in need, the civil war was Americans against Americans; North against South. Eventhough, the civil war was an all American war, each side had a reason, and a purpose of why they fought in this war. Now, centuries later

What were the chief causes of the Spanish Civil War?

1497 words - 6 pages When an initial military coup failed to win control of the entire country, a bloody, violent civil war raged within its boundaries. Stretching from the northern part of Africa to the Pyrenees Mountains, the fighting led to the deaths of hundreds of thousands of Spaniards, who had simply fought to protect an ideal, democracy. In this essay I shall be looking at the events that slowly led up to the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War and try to

The impact of the Spanish Civil War on George Orwell.

2261 words - 9 pages trying to convey his own Spanish civil war as a narrative of what went on everywhere and through his attempt to vividly explain what life was like at the frontline, he commits the same crime, the very crime he is trying to speak out against. Wolf sees this struggle within Orwell and interprets it as a struggle involving questions of authorship and anonymity and autobiographical and personality debates. Wolf also suggests that Orwell is part of

Similar Essays

Was It The Contribution Of Foreign Powers That Tipped The Balance Of The Spanish Civil War In Favour Of The Nationalists?

1459 words - 6 pages Whatever was in the minds of the Nationalists and the Republicans during the spring of 1936 it was certainly not a Civil War that lasted years rather than months. Most writers agree that once the war was underway its outcome depended on the foreign aid that the two sides received and how it related to internal and political considerations. It can therefore be said that the strong support from Germany and Italy put the Nationalists at an

France And The Spanish Civil War

2685 words - 11 pages During the Spanish Civil War, France decided on a policy of Non-Intervention in order to promote economic and political stability. Firstly, the Non-Intervention policy kept France from having a financial stake in the war, which they would have should they have supported one side over the other, and was in fact financially beneficial as it allowed France to trade with both sides of the Spanish Civil War without difficulties. In addition, since

Women In The Spanish Civil War

1041 words - 4 pages Z3422283 - Kerry TangZHSS3219 - Special Studies (History) II (Spanish Civil War)Primary Source AnalysisFyrth, Jim and Alexander, Sally, Women's Voices from the Spanish Civil War, Lawrence and Wishart, 2008. Word count (1047)When the Spanish Civil War broke out, within the first months, women were recruited into the Popular Front militias, and face uncertain circumstances. The position of women in Spain was a flashpoint of political conflict

The Spanish Civil War Of 1936

1157 words - 5 pages The Spanish Civil War of 1936The Spanish revolution of 1936 initiated during the beginning of the Spanish Civil War. The Spanish Civil War was a major contest in Spain that started from a failed coup d’etat by a part of the army against the legitimate government of the Second Spanish Republic.Spain had encountered several civil wars and revolts in the previous century, caused by the reformists and the conservatives who attempted to displace