Peter the Great was born on June 9, 1672. However, according to the Old Style calendar he was born on May 30, 1672. He was the son of father Tsar Alexis and mother Natalya Kirillovna Naryshkina. When Peter was four years old, his father Tsar Alexis died and was succeeded by Peter’s half-brother Fydor III. (Parrish, 2009) On the eve of his tenth birthday Peter the Great came to the throne despite the fact that he was still a minor. He grew up under the threat of a palace takeover and enjoyed little formal education. He was seven-foot-tall and his accomplishments would soon match that. (Hunt, Martin, Rosenwein & Smith, 2012)
Peter was only ten years old when the Kremlin saw an open and violent struggle of power between the Naryshkins and Miloslavskys. He had witnessed killings including his mother’s former guardian. These vicious and unnecessary killings created a deep hatred in Peter for the streltsy and revulsion against the Kremlin and its politics. Peter had spent the next seven years in the village of Preobrazhenskoe and his mother whom now served as a head of state. Peter then used his own devices to familiarize himself which in fact were military matters and Western technology. His mother’s death in 1694 and Ivan the Terrible’s death in 1696 made Peter the sole ruler of Russia. (Gupta, 2006) Despite the fact that he had no formal or complete education, Peter was beyond his years physically and mentally. He gained knowledge from mostly foreigners when it came to technical skills who worked for Russian service that had lived nearby. He spent a majority of his time in the German quarter in Moscow learning from the scholars from the German University. (Hutchinson, 2011) A new revolt of the streltsy took place in August 1689. Peter removed Sophia from the throne and banished her and was forced to become a nun after a rebellion had taken place in 1698. Peter’s game proved to be training for future tasks. (Alekseyevich, 2012)
Peter the Great was a Russian tsar who sought to bring west European culture and trade to his empire. The tsar of enlightenment realized at the end of the seventeenth century the economic and social backwardness that separated Russia from Western Europe. Trade was for centuries hampered because, unlike merchants in the West, Russian townsmen did not enjoy any tax privileges. It was not until the 1699 did merchants receive the right to move freely within Russian borders. (Sharpe, 2005)
Tsardom of Muscovy was changed into the Russian Empire by Peter the Great. After his early defeat at Narva in 1700, Peter instituted a series of reforms designed to modernize Russia and improve its armed forces. Increases in the tax burden helped pay the costs of the war, while the expansion of the country’s mining and metallurgical industries eventually provided the army with sufficient cannon and muskets. Canals and roads were built expressly to improve military communications and supply.
Peter was motivated to make...