Essay On Success Of Jewish Emigration From Nazi Germany

1381 words - 6 pages

"The Nazi policy of Jewish emigration failed due to the few Jews who wanted to leave Germany 1933 to 1938

"The Nazi policy of Jewish emigration failed due to the few Jews who wanted to leave Germany 1933 to 1939." How far do you agree?

Jewish emigration is one aspect of Nazism which has a divided success. One can question its achievements by looking at long term consequences such as global sympathy and the inability to deport Jews. However it is also possible to note the immediate benefits to German society and the Nazi Regime, such as financial and power gaining achievement.

On one hand, the failures of emigration initiated with the growing sympathy for Jews both abroad and nationally. The Kristallnacht pogrom in 1938, a consequence of Polish emigration and the assassination of Ernst von Rath by Polish Jew Hershal Gryzpan, reduced Germany's international opinion, especially in America where on the 23rd to the 25th November, a public protest was constructed: the burning of the swastika to show their disregard for the German treatment of Jews. This international view of Nazi emigration is seen to contradict the Nazi aim to increase international anti-Semitism and the awareness of the `Jewish Question'. It instead raised sympathy for the Jewish population abroad. Furthermore, it reveals another reason for the failures of emigration rather than the refusal to Jews to leave Germany.

The inability for Jews to emigrate successfully to foreign countries due to the scale and sheer number of evacuees was also another reason. After the results of the Evian Conference in August 1938, the Virgin Islands of America accepted 1000 Jews; the only country to do so out of the 32 attending. The 1000 Jews leaving Germany were prominently young; those who would benefit from starting again elsewhere. Many older generations remained due to financial, health or patriotic reasons such as fighting in the WW1 or believing that Nazism had reached its peak with the 1935 Nuremburg Laws where Jews were deprived of citizenship. The SS St-Louis transported the evacuees to Cuba in May 1939, but a last minute refusal to accept them resulted in its failure; especially as other countries also refused to accept the load. Even though Hitler promoted this as `international anti-Semitism', Germany was still left with a large number of Jews, despite the acceptance of Britain, France, Belgium and the Netherlands to house them and therefore, the Nazi `Judenfrei' Germany was unsuccessful. The visas provided to the Jews for their deportations were for tourism rather than for emigration; a reason why Jews were not accepted into Cuba. A debate raised by Historian Ben Austin comments on how this could have been intentional in attempt to `dehumanise' Jews internationally, again to boast of `international anti-Semitism'; in which case was successful as two members committed suicide due to their distress, rather than not wanting to...

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