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Essay On "To Kill A Mockingbird" And The Techniques Used: Characterisation, Structure, Point Of View And Language.

1908 words - 8 pages

"To Kill A Mockingbird" is an inspiring novel which presents many themes and issues relating to 1930's society in the midst of the great depression. Prejudice was very common during this hard time and Harper Lee emphasises this through the eyes of an innocent six-year-old girl, Scout. Scout's hometown of Maycomb plays an important part in To Kill A Mockingbird and is responsible for many of the issues raised in the novel, namingly prejudice. Thus, through techniques such as characterisation, structure, point of view and language, Harper Lee can emphasise on the issue of prejudice, along with many other apparent issues.A large amount of characters are victimised by prejudice in "To Kill A Mockingbird". There are many types of prejudice included in the novel and one of the outstanding forms is that of Racism. Racism relates to quite a range of characters in the book, however, Tom Robinson is the most apparent character relating to this issue. Tom is a husband, a father of four and a frequent churchgoer. Nevertheless, based on Maycomb's old- fashioned views and beliefs, many of the town's people judge him because of his colour. Unfortunately, Tom is accused of rape by a lonely white nineteen year old, Mayella Ewell. Atticus Finch, the father of six-year-old Scout, values the belief that all human beings must be accepted and treated equally. This is why he takes the case of Tom Robinson. This is due to the fact that even the people in Maycomb who believe in Tom's innocence will not stand up for him as it would be against their social morals to defend a black man. Nevertheless, Atticus stands for what he knows is right and defends innocent Tom. However, due to the racial stereotypes present in Maycomb's society, Tom's trial against Mayella was not a success. The citizens of Maycomb and the twelve jury men, typically being white, were clouded with prejudice and did not take the time to understand Tom's case all because of his colour. Instead, they treated him unfairly and voted him guilty 'beyond reasonable doubt'. The justice system didn't allow this man to have a fair trial because of the color of his skin. Being Atticus's children, Scout and Jem learn his values and attitudes and begin to not make judgments based on race or social status. '"First of all," he said, "if you can learn a simple trick, Scout, you'll get along a lot better with all kinds of folks. You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view-until you climb into his skin and walk around in it."' This then contributes to Jem's outrage when Tom's case is lost. Atticus explains to Jem the sad but true reality of their society, "I don't know, but they did it. They've done it before and they did it tonight and they'll do it again and when they do it--seems that only children weep..."Other citizens of Maycomb do not feel the same way as Jem as they see the societal stereotype of Tom and prejudge him upon his skin colour, just as they prejudge other...

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