Most Important Discoveries; Herophilus' Impact On Medicine And Science

1409 words - 6 pages

Herophilus' contributions to medicine were the most important in the history of the field. He banished several Roman taboos and superstitions when it came to the practice of medicine and personal health. After expelling much of the previously set ideas about the inner workings of the body, Herophilus became dedicated to educating the public and other scholars about the importance and maintenance of good health. His commitment to accuracy and offerings to the field gave way-at least indirectly-to improvements in surgery, hygiene, medical practice, physiology and kinesiology, scientific investigation and many more, as well as-directly-to the area of neurosciences."Herophilus and Erasistratus proceeded in by far the best way: they cut open living men - criminals they obtained out of prison from the kings and they observed, while their subjects still breathed, parts that nature had previously hidden, their position, color, shape, size, arrangement, hardness, softness, smoothness, points of contact, and finally the processes and recesses of each and whether any part is inserted into another or receives the part of another into itself."-"On Medicine", I Poem 23Herophilus was the first person in history to attain a highly accurate and detailed knowledge of the human anatomy. He did so through careful dissection of human corpses at a time when other "physicians" had used animal corpses. Herophilus even went a step further and actually vivisected the living-though only condemned criminals-as a means of learning about the human body when it was fully functioning rather than after death. Experimentation was sanctioned on the condemned because according to Aristotelian beliefs, those who had committed heinous, inhuman crimes were without a soul, and thus could feel no pain. Through his studies he discovered the pulse and-although for the wrong reasons-deemed it important to maintaining life and indicating the presence of illness. Herophilus also discerned the difference between veins, arteries and capillaries, allowing for later breakthroughs in surgery made easier and safer by a more in depth knowledge of internal organs and functions. Along with blood-vessels, he differentiated between motor and sensory nerves in the spine. Most notably, Herophilus is responsible for exploring the human brain, and recognising it as the vessel of intellect. His "discoveries" generated new ideas about the functions of the brain, which in turn led to the creation and development of Neuroscience. Due to the fact that the brain controls all bodily functions, systems and emotions, this is probably the most important field of medicine.His major concerns became health, diet and fitness. After witnessing the inner workings of the body, he realized that drugs, food, beverages and virtually everything put into the body affected it; for better or worse. This caused Herophilus to become an advocate for gymnastics (exercise) a good, well balanced diet and drugs (also a belief central in...

Find Another Essay On Most important discoveries; Herophilus' impact on medicine and science

Oxygen is one of the most important and abundant elements on Earth

577 words - 2 pages Oxygen is one of the most important and abundant elements on Earth. About 46 percent of the Earth's crust is oxygen. It is colorless and odorless and makes up about 20.95 percent of the atmosphere by volume. Oxygen exists in water as part of water molecule, in the atmosphere as a gas, in the Earth's crust and in an enormous variety of rocks and minerals. It can also be released from the plants through photosynthesis. Moreover it is very

Musical Therapy A History and Medicine Impact

1697 words - 7 pages ballots, the smooth sound of the flute was calming enough. Patients with depression were sent to study the sounds of “dulcimer music” (a guitar like instrument). The Ancient Greeks started something they didn’t know was going to be passed on for generations, when they started making a special wing inside their hospitals or ‘Healing shrines’. The Greeks created a new form of medicine that didn’t need to be taken and swallowed. Fast forward to the

Hubble Space Telescope with Emphasis on Instrumentation and Scientific Discoveries

2422 words - 10 pages greatly expand its tools for scientific discoveries. It also included hardware replacement such as data interface units, solid-state recorder, and the solar array drive electronics. However, the most important part of the mission was the installation of NICMOS (Near Infrared Camera and Multi- Object Spectrometer) and STIS (Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph). Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer (NICMOS) The NICMOS was a heat

Science in the Renaissance: my essay talks about the discoveries that da Vinci and Galileo made. I compared and contrasted their discoveries to Aristotlean theory and each other

3319 words - 13 pages Before the Renaissance, everything was governed by the Pope, the Bible, and the Catholic Church. Everything the Pope said was the absolute truth since he was the one who knew God's word. Aristotelian philosophy was the prevailing explanation for everything since it related most to the Bible: the Earth was the center of the universe, and the heavens were perfect, and everything besides Earth was made of ether. The only forms of science present at

The Impact of the Laboratory on Nineteenth-Century Medicine?

1598 words - 6 pages The laboratory had an influential impact on nineteenth century medicine. It saw technological advances such as the microscope allowing the observation of cells and micro-organisms and the way minute cells were formed and appeared. The practice of medicine allowed hospitals to seek advice and improve diagnosis by the study of body parts and the workings of the body such as the study and discovery of the digestive system. Education was progressed

My Mother: The Most Important Influence on My Life

739 words - 3 pages It took me a few years to realize what an extraordinary influence my mother has been on my life. She’s the kind of person who always has time for her kids, always interested in learning something new, would sacrifice herself for her family, and is easily the strongest woman in my eyes. Growing up, I know I haven’t been the best son in the world but if you were to ask her, she would say otherwise. Looking back, my mom is the most positive

The Impact of Ethical Decisions on the Discovery of Knowledge in the Natural Science and Art

1261 words - 5 pages developing a brain, heart and the other necessary organs necessary to live. Embryotic stem cells are potential life savers and certain people’s personal ethical boundaries determine whether future generations have access to important scientific discoveries that can alter medicine and science in the future. “I am opposed to both cloning and the destruction of human embryos and adamantly opposed to funding of embryonic stem cell research” (Sandy Adams

Mercutio is the most important character in Romeo and Juliet

866 words - 3 pages In Romeo and Juliet each character has a specific role. Mercutio's role is the most important. He is the kinsman to the prince and Romeo's closest friend and confidante, and in this role he can be very inluential to Romeo and can influence the decisions made and the directions the play takes. He uses his humour and wit to lead the other characters to the climax. He is in a difficult position, as the friend of Romeo and the princes kinsman, but

The Impact of Modern Science and Technology

792 words - 3 pages The Impact of Modern Science and Technology The quest for scientific knowledge should be boundless. There should not be any type of barriers to prevent such an enrichment of knowledge, and that is exactly what science presents to us. Scientific knowledge can only help us in the long run and even perhaps save us from catastrophes that may occur naturally in the world. There could be an agreement that science has produced many dangerous and

Who has the most impact on illegal immigration policy?

938 words - 4 pages our immigration problems? Is it the public’s opinion, special interest groups, or our political parties? In my opinion, special interest groups have more impact on immigration policy than the public’s opinion or political parties. They hold so much power for a number of reasons, three of which include money, lobbying activities, and the fact that they can influence public display to sway public opinion. One of the main reasons that special

Which had the most far-reaching impact on American culture:

958 words - 4 pages The Enlightenment had the most far-reaching impact on American culture. The Enlightenment stemmed from the Scientific Revolution. The Scientific Revolution caused people to start thinking on their own and stop believing in, or at least question, the Bible. Although the Enlightenment started in England, it quickly spread through the colonies. The Enlightenment was key in helping set in motion the thought process that would eventually lead to

Similar Essays

Alternative Medicine And Its Impact On Todays Medical System

2623 words - 10 pages Throughout recorded history, people of various cultures have relied on what Western medical practitioners today call alternative medicine. The term alternative medicine covers a broad range of healing philosophies, approaches, and therapies. It generally describes those treatments and health care practices that are outside mainstream Western health care. People use these treatments and therapies in a variety of ways. Alternative therapies used

Science And Medicine In Islam Essay

1163 words - 5 pages from History: The Middle Ages. 2nd ed. Salem Press, 2004. Last modified 2004. Accessed March 5, 2014. doi:10.3331/GEMA-1621034022. An article/source on Avicenna's "Canon of Medicine" which influenced medicine throughout European culture Mason, Katelin. "science in the medieval Islamic World." In Crabtree, Pam J. Encyclopedia of Society and Culture in the Medieval World. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2008. Ancient and Medieval History Online

Impact Of Science And Technology On Society: Virtual Marketing

1963 words - 8 pages Virtual Marketing Impact of Science and Technology on Society: Virtual Marketing[Name of Writer][Name of Institution]Impact of Science and Technology on Society: Virtual MarketingThesis StatementVirtual Marketing, its sources of technology, science behind it and stage of adoption.IntroductionTechnology is the creation utilization and knowledge of tools, equipment, machines, systems or methods used to solve a problem or perform a particular task

Impact Of Science And Technology On Society Wind Energy

1672 words - 7 pages society in so many advantages ways.By the 1039s Wind mills became most popular to produce electricity in farms of United States. After some year all other country started use of Wind mills. Wind Milles is also linked with Social Construction. Because it was found in Denmark and we all are dependent on that to produce more electricity. In previous century wind machines were big in size and people were aware of that energy that was new energy, so