The purpose of this essay is to indicate how the needle and syringe program in prisons will benefit the Australian government as well as the wider Australian community. As well as the maintenance of NSPs can be maintained while acknowledging concerns of those against it. Needle and syringe programs (NSP) are aimed at intravenous drug users, so as to prevent and limit blood borne diseases like HIV/AIDS and hepatitis. These NSP programs help drug addicts by supplying needles and also through referrals and provide education among other services. All these efforts are made to control the spread of blood borne diseases like Hepatitis and AIDS in Australian population with 872 Blood Borne viruses reported 4th quarter 2013(Quarterly Surveillance Report Notifiable Sexually Transmissible Infections and Blood-borne Viruses in Western Australia, Government of Western Australia, Department of health period ending Volume11(1) 31st of December 2013). Blood borne diseases being a major concern all around the globe and prisons being a hub for these diseases its best that NSPs are introduced in prisons.
About Blood borne diseases
Benefit to government
Most effective method:
In Australia the Government uses three methods to tackle drugs; Demand reduction, supply reduction and harm minimization. Needle and syringe programs are under harm minimization category. Supply reduction is focused on drug dealers and drug makers and is brought about by law enforcement. In the Demand reduction method it is tried to decrease the number of people taking drugs through anti-drug advertisements and campaigns, legislation, rehabilitation centers. On the other hand harm minimization recognizes the fact that drugs can never be eradicated from society and thus it aims to reduce harms associated with drugs and harm, a common example of such method is needle and syringe program. (Australia’s drug policy-google).Even the UNAIDS and WHO know that it is unfeasible to believe that drugs can be wiped out. Thus in their opinion its best to focus on health promotion strategies that can bring about a decrease in the spread of blood borne diseases. .( Okie, S 2007, 'Sex, drugs, prisons, and HIV', New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 356, no. 2, pp. 105-108.).The effectiveness of NSP programs is visible through the statistics; between 2000 and 2009 , NSP’s deterred 32000 new HIV infections and 97000 Hepatitis C infections(Australian Government National Drug Strategy 2010).
The best part of NSPs is that they are cost efficient and therefore won’t drain the treasury. Funds of $243 million were spent on NSPs resulting in $1.28 billion savings in healthcare expenditure. (NCHECR, 2009). In-text: (Sciencedirect.com, 2010) Bibliography: Sciencedirect.com, (2010). People who use drugs, HIV, and human rights. [online] Available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140673610608306?np=y# [Accessed 27 Mar. 2014].
Whereas the drug control methods (e.g...