Types of client involved in both projects
Clients involved in the 2012 London Olympics include the athletes, game organisers and the supporters. The Olympics activities will involve providing for the activity ground including playing grounds as well as hostility services to all the participants of the Olympics games. In the case of the railway project, the clients involved include the athletes and the spectators. The train is supposed to offer transport to the athletes and the spectators as they will be moving between the various venues. As such, while the Olympics project is concerned with the actual Olympics activities, the Railway project is concerned with the transport for the participants of the Olympics games.
Due to the enormous number of people expected to participate in the 2012 London Olympics, there is need to plan for the facilities and services as well as means of transporting the people to the events. According to Llyods (2011), a large number of the spectators shall use rail to travel during the Olympics. This is due to the high road traffic that is usually experienced, and is expected, during the summer season. The Olympics games will take place during the summer season in London Llyods (2011). Moreover, a large proportion of the athletes are expected to travel by rail to the events in short time Llyods (2011). As such, planning is required to ensure the athletes are not inconvenienced by the rail transport. This great number of people expected to attend the 2012 requires planning to ensure that facilities are adequate for them. Such facilities include accommodation, viewing grounds, entertainment as well as catering services.
Constraints which may apply to the tender process in the case of cross rail.
There are various constraints that may apply to the tender process in the case of the cross rail project. First, due to the numerous numbers of tenders being sent by willing contractors, there might not be sufficient time to review the tenders and select the best contractor. This could result into leaving out of the more competent contractor and selecting the less competent contractors. As such, the project deliverables may not be fully realised and substandard work may result. Another constraint that may apply to the cross rail is project budget. The employer may be constrained and limited to a low budget such that by basing the cost as the criteria, several competent contractors may be left out due to their high charges. To ensure they get considered for the tender, the contractors may end up lowering the cost by setting some lower standards for the work done. This ultimately results into substandard work being done.
The context of contractual documentation required for tendering for construction works, and the information needed
When two parties agree to some obligations pertaining construction of some piece of work, they essentially get into a contract (Hecht 2006). A contract may involve written agreement or may not be...