Ethanol Corn Ontario Regulation Essay

2118 words - 9 pages

The Environmental Protection Act is Ontario’s foremost legislation for protecting the environment and was passed in 1990. It provides the Ministry of the Environment power to deal with the discharge of any contaminant that has negative effects on the environment. This Act covers many different environmental protection plans such as, environmental compliance approvals, motor vehicles, waste management, renewable energy and many other topics to promote a cleaner Ontario; it is undoubtedly a step in the right direction in protecting Ontario’s future (Government of Ontario, 1990). Since this act covers so many aspects of environmental protection, this paper will focus primarily on Ontario’s Regulation 535/05, which was created in 2007. This regulation states that all fuel suppliers must ensure their gasoline, on average contains 5% of ethanol by volume before introducing it into the Ontario market (Government of Ontario, 2007). This issue is one that has both positive and negative affects on the environment. Ethanol is an alcohol produced by fermenting sugar or converted starch, with the majority of it being derived from corn. Gasoline on the other hand, is a non-renewable resource that releases harmful substances into the atmosphere and is detrimental to the environment. With the addition of ethanol to gasoline it is possible to reduce the amount of fossil fuel emissions also, since Canada is able to produce its own corn to convert into ethanol, this mandate will support farmers and create domestic jobs, meanwhile increasing the countries independence regarding foreign imports. However, with positives, there are always negatives. Adverse effects resulting from regulation 535/05 is that 5% of ethanol by volume required synthesis with gasoline sold equates to a large quantity of liquids and in order to meet these demands corn/grain production on agricultural lands must be compromised. In addition to the compromise of agriculture land, its impacts on an economical and environmental scale remain a topic of interest.

Ethanol as a renewable resource is a controversial topic as its legitimacy as a benefit is constantly rivaled by its drawbacks. One of the greatest benefits from this mandate is that it aids in decreasing the amount of harmful gas emissions into the atmosphere. Automobiles fueled by fuel containing 5% of ethanol produce lower carbon monoxide and dioxide emissions, thus improving air quality. With the implementation of this regulation Ontario’s target reduction of greenhouse gas emissions was reduced by approximately 800,000 tons on an annual basis, this is equivalent to taking 200,00 cars off the road (Ontario Ministry of Environment, 2012). In addition to the reduction of harmful carcinogens into the atmosphere, this mandate requires an increase in ethanol production therefore empowering farmers and creating domestic jobs, which enhance the economy. With this ability to produce crops inside of Canada, the country will reduce its...

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