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Ethical Dilemmas In Psychology Essay

1843 words - 7 pages

Francis Bacon helped to pioneer the new science steering people away from Aristotelian teachings. He helped to bring the scientific method to a place of learning from observation and experimentation. He felt that science should be judged by the usefulness of the results (Greenwood, 2009). Bacon projected that many great things might come out of this empirical approach, but what has ensued in the centuries that followed, Bacon and others might not have predicted.
Since Bacon and others pushed for a more empirical approach, numerous discoveries have been made. During this scientific revolution throughout the 16th century was categorized with big advances such as the making of new lenses by Galileo, Kepler and Huygens leading to new information about the stars and space, Magellan circumnavigating the earth, Columbus discovering the Americas, Gutenberg’s printing press advancing literature rapidly, and a religious reformation by Martin Luther that changed the church indefinitely (Graham, 2009). The scientific revolution continued far into the 17th century which was categorized with major findings in mathematics with Leibnitz and Newton independently discovering Calculus, Antoni van Leeuwenhoek discovered bacteria, William Harvey published his findings on the circulatory system, Newton’s laws of motion, and continued work on understanding the universe (Wikipedia Selection for schools – 17th century, 2008/9). The 18th century saw the invention of the steam engine which opened up the way for steel production, the discovery of photosynthesis, and the spinning jenny leading to the industrial revolution (Wikipedia Selection for schools – 18th century, 2008/9). More inventions and discoveries epitomized the 19th century which saw more findings in mathematics, physics, biology, electricity, an introduction of the railroad system, and an advancement in medicine all of which led to people living longer and the worldwide population increasing (Wikipedia Selection for schools – 19th century, 2008/9). The 20th century is deemed as having the most drastic differences from the beginning of the century to the end of it with advancement in medicine such as antibiotics, advancement in chemistry leading to nuclear power and subsequent nuclear weapons, a better understanding of DNA leading to some valuable disease cures as well as controversial stem cell research, expansion of transportation leading to an ease of transplanting people to other parts of the earth, and technology which has seemingly advanced society (Wikipedia Selection for schools – 20th century, 2008/9), or regressed society as some would argue. The 21st century has continued thus far the advancements of the late 20th century.
Bacon would be proud of the advancements that the scientific method created – advancements that have led to disease control, longer life, space exploration, psychological treatment of mental health conditions, and self-help resources at our finger tips. With the...

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