Ethical Issues In Information Systems Essay

4412 words - 18 pages

Ethical Issues in Information Systems Table of Contents 1. Introduction New Technology And New Ethical Issues 2. Networks Definition of a Network 3. Behavior on the Network New Standards of Conduct Netiquette Acceptable Use Policies Exporting Through the Networks Copyrights 4. Networks Access 5. Networks and Privacy 6. Databases Data Mosaics Data Sharing and Consequences 7. Geographic Information Systems International Data: Taking and Sharing Sources on Databases and GIS (Ethical Issues) Ethical Issues in Information Systems 1. Introduction A New Technology New Ethical Dilemmas New computer technologies for gathering, storing, manipulating, and communicating data are revolutionizing the use and spread of information. Along the way, they are also creating ethical dilemmas. The speed and efficiency of information systems, which include local and global networks, databases, and programs for processing information, force people to confront entirely new rights and responsibilities in their use of information and to reconsider standards of conduct shaped before the advent of computers.Information is a source of power and, increasingly, the key to prosperity among those with access to it. Consequently, developments in information systems also involve social and political relationships-- and so make ethical considerations in how information is used all the more important. systems now reach into all levels of government, into the workplace, and into private lives to such an extent they affect that even people without access to these systems in significant ways.New ethical and legal decisions are necessary to balance the needs and rights of everyone.Ethics Fill the Gap as Legal Decisions Lag Behind Technology As in other new technological arenas, legal decisions lag behind technical developments. Ethics fill the gap as people negotiate how use of information should proceed. The following notes define the broad ethical issues now being negotiated.Since laws deciding some aspects of these issues have been made, these notes should be read in conjunction with Legal Issues in Information Systems.Ethical Issues Specific to Information Systems Ethics include moral choices made by individuals in relation to the rest of the community, standards of acceptable behavior, and rules governing members of a profession. The broad issues relating to information systems include control of and access to information, privacy and misuse of data, and international considerations. All of these extend to networks, databases, and, more specifically, to geographic information systems. Specific problems within each of the three areas, however, require slightly different kinds of ethical decisions. Networks, information systems in general, and geographic information systems in particular are discussed separately below.2. Networks Definition of Network Any set of computers able to communicate with one another constitutes a network. Some networks are contained within institutions or...

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