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Ethical Issues In Research Essay

1202 words - 5 pages

Social psychology has been defined as the study of thought processes and the events that go on in the mind of an individual as a result of some form of social interaction. (Catherine J Kelly, 2013). According to the free dictionary ethics is the study of the general nature of morals and of the specific moral, choices to be made by a person, moral philosophy.

Ethical guidelines are defined as rules and regulations that sets limitation. The research on ethical guidelines states that there are rules and regulations published by the British Psychological Society (BPS). The objectives of the BPS is to maintain the standards of public awareness of psychology by training. They also aim at improving the practice in psychology and its effects in the society. (Become a psychologist, 2011).The guidelines are consent, deception, debriefing, withdrawal from the investigation, confidentiality, protection of participants and observational research. According to the BPS guidelines consent means to give assent, as to the proposal of another, Confidentiality is the nondisclosure of information except to another authorized person, deception is to cause to believe what is not true; mislead, and debriefing is the act or process of debriefing or of being debriefed. Withdrawal from the investigation means, an act or process of withdrawing; retreat, removal, or detachment, protection of participants is to defend from trouble, harm, attack and observational research is deliberate and purposeful perception that is conditioned by the need to solve a problem. (The Palgrave website)

Albert Bandura studied the most topic within social psychology, the aim of his research was to study human interaction and group behaviour. In his famous Bobo doll experiment children were exposed to observe aggressive and non-aggressive behaviour. He carried out this research in 1961 at Stanford University. (The Psychology website, 2013). Within the experiment there are some ethical issues.
The first, most important, ethical issue which was not 100% considered by the researcher, it refers to the participants right of consent. Albert Bandura, as in results he used children under the age of 16 years in his experiment. He obtained his consent from the teachers instead to obtain from parents or guardian. (The statistic hell, 2004). There was no justification at all because he used children between three to six years of age without having consent from parent. (Word press, 2011). According to the statistics website, it is not allowed to use children under the age of 16 years and impaired adults without getting any consent from the guardian.

The other major ethical issue refer to the participant's right to confidentiality. In Albert Bandura's research in 1961, confidentiality was not maintained, because the behaviour of the models and children was widely published. In other way Bandura did not consider to get the consent from the participants before sharing the information to the public. In this...

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