This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Moral Right And Wrong Are Just A Matter Of Opinion.

1547 words - 6 pages

The Concise Oxford Dictionary (p925) describes morality as: '1) Principles concerning the distinction between right and wrong or good and bad behaviour; a system of value and moral principles. 2) The extent to which an action is right or wrong'. What is morally right in relation to one moral framework can be morally wrong in relation to another, and unfortunately no one moral framework is the final word in true morality. We all live our lives by moral rules, the statement in the essay question states the relativist thesis about justification of out moral principles. This essay will look at the different approaches to morality.Relativism and absolutism are theories which are concerned with morality and the justification of our moral judgements. Relativists believe that all moralities are equally valid, that there is no single true morality, and that there are many different moral frameworks, none of which are any more correct than the others. Relativism has been criticised quite heavily because it implies the validity even of the view that relativism is false, and because of such views they are undermining the act to try and improve the way in which we think. Moral rules, values, and beliefs, vary from society to society and relativists claim that even if our society see other societies values as 'bad', it is just as correct as our own values, they argue that even if something is wrong, as long as we thought it was right at the time then it was.Few philosophers describe themselves as relativists, but some include, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Thomas Kuhn, Michel Foucault, Jacques Derrida, and Emile Durkheim. There are many different types of relativism. Two of these are individual relativism (subjectivism), and social relativism. Individual relativism makes the claim that individual humans are responsible for their morals, where as social relativism makes the claim that society decides what is right or wrong, i.e. we inherit our moral principles from our society. Both these theories have their problems. With individual relativism moral debate becomes impossible, because if you accept that the individual may be wrong, you cannot agree with individual relativism as according to this theory the individual cannot be wrong, also individuals could not improve or reform if they were to change their minds.Bertrand Russell (1935) in his chapter on 'Science and Ethics', in his book 'Religion and Science', basically states that if two men have a disagreement about their values then they are not actually having a disagreement but simply a difference in taste, he moves on to say that this is so because it would be impossible to prove that this or that has inherent value, basically because there is not way to decide who is right in a difference of values it has to be a difference of tastes, not one of any objective truths.With social relativism the problems are that there is no unanimity in society, how do you determine what society approves of? You can't one hundred...

Find Another Essay On Moral right and wrong are just a matter of opinion.

What are the "crimes" committed in "The Scarlet Letter" by Nathaniel Hawthorne and how are they punished? In your opinion, how "just" are these punishments?

1051 words - 4 pages The expression “crime does not pay” lies at the heart of much literature and is present in many films as well as in everyday life. True to the expression, in most novels, criminals are eventually punished, even for crimes that are nowadays not considered wrong. However they do not always receive a fair punishment. I believe this is to make the story more attention-grabbing and to arouse the reader’s sympathy and pity for the

Divine Command Theory. Are people's moral standards right because God commands them, or does God command them because they are right?

1624 words - 6 pages standards. The only way for a Divine Command Theorist to prove their beliefs is for them to prove that without God there would be no morality. If God commands things because they are good, then humans could live moral lives without God because God is also subject to the standards of morality. Humans could, as rational beings, understand the moral values that determine right and wrong and choose how they should live. Humans could decide what actions are

A Battle Between Minds: Right and Wrong

2274 words - 10 pages “Right” and “wrong” are such ambiguous terms and can only be personally defined by an individual’s beliefs and values. It is said that our values are defined predominately by our upbringing, but what if it is more neurologically ingrained than we had perceived? Doctor Roger Wolcott Sperry, neurophysiologist, won The Nobel Prize in 1981 for his discoveries concerning the functional specialization of the cerebral hemispheres, in which he studied

Title: two theories of right and wrong

1284 words - 5 pages consequences. If two acts are tied for having the same balance of consequences then it would not matter which course of action was taken because the consequences would be equal. If any action results in more bad consequences then good, the right act would be the one resulting in the least amount of bad relative to good. Act-Utilitarianism requires a lot of careful calculations about the consequences and can be easy misapplied depending on whom the

right and wrong

857 words - 3 pages In the passage, Ethical Relativism: Who's to Judge What's Right and Wrong? had a absolutist point of view. As an absolutist, I agree and think it is not what culture defines as moral to actually be moral at all. For example, If I start believing in a pebble and tell everyone that the pebble is a god; They believe in it yet it doesn't make it wholly universally moral.Ethical relativism refers to the values of cultures, not being questioned or

Right And Wrong

2383 words - 10 pages another point in their discussion Holden says, “Lawyers are all right, I guess — but it doesn’t appeal to me, […] all they do is make a lot of dough and play golf and play bridge and buy cars and drinks Martinis and act like a hot-shot. […] everybody slapping you on the back and congratulating you in court when the goddamn trial was over, […] the way it is in the dirty movies? How would you know you weren’t being a phony? The trouble is you wouldn’t

A Right and A Wrong Way to Love

739 words - 3 pages “The Times They Are a-Changin”, who would have this popular folk song from the 1960’s by Bob Dylan, would still hold profound meaning in this day and age. It seems that everywhere you go or look on the television, there is a big debate between young and old on issues that are affecting their lives. And one of these big topics is same-sex marriage. When I was younger it seemed that most people seemed to agree with the opinion that couples of the

Analysis of Just and Unjust Wars: A Moral Argument with Historical Illustrations

1178 words - 5 pages groups have included people who are not actively engaged in the act of war (i.e. women, children, priests etc.), simplistically expressed by Walzer as “They can try to kill me, and I can try to kill them. But it is wrong to cut the throats of their wounded or to shoot them down when they are trying to surrender" (Walzer 38). War is generally thought of as a business of the state, however it can be considered a matter of

Actions and Their Labels of Either Right or Wrong

1826 words - 7 pages moral injustice? Do human beings not have moral rights, the most fundamental of all being the right to life? Does the cancer patient then not have the right to life that the process of utility cannot infringe on, regardless of how long that life might be? Utilitarianism might morph itself in a cunning way and adapt to this response in terms of rule utilitarianism. In accordance to this offshoot of utilitarianism

Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki: Right or Wrong?

1097 words - 4 pages damage not just only comparable, but much more devastating than that caused by discriminate bombardment. On the contrary, dropping the bomb may have saved much more human lives. The atomic bomb probably saved a million US lives and half that number of British ones, all anticipated casualties in an Allied invasion of Japan planned for November. Also, the US gave the Imperial Japan a chance to prevent the dropping of the bomb through the Potsdam

The Right Kind of Wrong

773 words - 3 pages clearly that this love that Rhymes feels to be so right is inevitably wrong.This song tells the story of a girl who has fallen in love with the wrong boy. Everything that she knows to be wrong doesn't change her feelings of being so right. This is a case where Rhymes' head tells her one thing, that she should stay away from this boy, while her heart tells her another, that her feelings are too strong, and she can't turn away.Rhymes intensifies

Similar Essays

Platoon Moral Right And Wrong Essay

788 words - 4 pages shooting Elias, and some of the men Barnes leads are vehemently opposed to Barnes and the wrong moral choices that he makes. I think that at the end of the movie Tyler sums up the real battle that took place in Vietnam. Tyler recalls as he is lifted into a helicopter that "We did not fight the enemy, we fought ourselves and the enemy…was us". Tyler tells us that whoever they were fighting, there was not a clear enemy. I think that the soldiers struggled with right and wrong and that clouded their judgment in battle. Works Cited Stone, Oliver. Platoon. movie 1986

Assisted Suicide: Blurring The Moral Lines Between Right And Wrong

922 words - 4 pages surrounded by their loved ones. Assisted suicide offers the individual that option. In the end, morals are the only argument surrounding the subject of assisted suicide. There is no real way of determining what is right and what is wrong. It all comes down to your own morals and beliefs regarding human life. Each of us is given our own life and throughout it, we all make our own decisions regarding our wellbeing. We can choose to smoke cigarettes, consume alcohol, speed in cars, and put our lives in danger every day. This is our right as human beings. We chose to live our lives the way we want to live them, why should we not be able to choose how we die?

"The Adventures Of Huckelberry Finn" Are The Decisions Huck Makes Moral And Just?

1076 words - 4 pages As people grow, they go through experiences and make choices that build their moral character over time. These experiences shape a person's qualities and expresses who they are as an individual. They have many people to teach them the rights and wrongs of society and civilization, but in the end they must figure out who they are and what they believe in on their own.Throughout the novel, "The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn", by Mark Twain, Huck

Cloning: Right Or Wrong? Should Cloning Be Legal? What Are The Pros And Cons Of Cloning? What Can Cloning Lead To? What Should Be Done?

563 words - 2 pages Cloning has been a very controversial topic since it affects moral values of human beings and other living things alike. In February 1997 scientists in Scotland announced the birth of the first cloned sheep named Dolly, this heralded the future of cloning possibilities and scientists began extensive experiments on cloning and have since then cloned both plants and animals successfully. The next step was to clone actual human beings but before