Ethical Violations In "The Monster Study"

910 words - 4 pages

The Monster study is speech impediment experiment that was done on the children that lived in the orphanage. This experiment was conducted to find out if stuttering was inherited or did environment play a key factor. Wendell Johnson was the speech pathologist that conducted this study to find the cause and cure for stuttering. This study violated a lot of ethical issues because the children were psychological harm, informed consent was not given and the subjects were deceived. Wendell Johnson had a biased opinion in this study because he was a stutter himself and was desperate for a cure. In this paper, I will discuss the background of this experiment and the violations of ethics that were done in this study.
The Monster study began on Jan. 1939, in Davenport, IA at the University of Iowa. The participates of this study were orphanages whose parents died in the civil war and their mothers could no longer take care them, so they were left in an orphanage. Johnson got permission from the University of Iowa to conduct his research at this orphanage. When conducting his research, Johnson decide to recruit one of his students to help with the experiment by the name of Mary Tudor. Mary Tudor was avid but timorous student that was willing to get involved in the research. In 2003, Reynolds stated that Tudor’s responsibility in the study was to tell non stuttering students that they stutter and to tell the one’s that did stutter that they have perfect fluency. Her experiment begins with 22 subjects, none of the subjects were told of this study. They were also told that they will receive speech therapy.
In 2003, Reynolds stated that Tudor’s experiment, she had to induce healthy children into stammering: she also told stammering children that did not stuttering. Before this study began, there were ten participates that were target by matrons and teachers. The ten participates that were target as stutters were divided into groups. Five were group IA the experimental set and group IB were the control set. Group IA was told that there speech was fine and they had no problem. The other group IB was told your “''Yes, your speech is as bad as people say.'' The remaining twelve were ages 5-15 and was chosen randomly and they were separate into two groups of six. Group IIA were told that they were showing signs of stuttering and they must correct themselves immediately. In Group IIB, this was the control group and they were told that their speech was normal and was praised for their enunciation. The subjects in Group IIA sought a lawsuit against the University of Iowa because of their psychology harmed they received from this study.
In this case study, there were a few incidents of violations of ethics. In 1998, Callahan recommends that researchers should follow the...

Find Another Essay On Ethical Violations in "The Monster Study"

The Real Monster in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein

1930 words - 8 pages Frankenstein is a classic horror novel, but with a twist of many other genres. Written by Mary Shelley, it was a novel which mixed many exciting elements, such as horror, drama and romance. The story follows a young doctor named Victor Frankenstein, who has an obsession to reincarnate the dead, but his attempts at this fail horribly, and Victor finds himself in deep peril, as the monster stalks him throughout the world. I aim to

The Monster in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein

2189 words - 9 pages The Monster in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein The novel Frankenstein by Mary Shelley was written in 1816 and published in 1818. During this time this time there was social revolution and major scientific changes throughout the world. In 1789 the French revolution took place. This is where the peasants revolted against the lords and the royal family; they stood for liberty, equality and fraternity. (Shelley was born into

The True Monster in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein

1509 words - 6 pages relate to this statement on a personal level due to the parenting (or lack of) within her life. This in turn leads to a broader question concerning Shelley's Frankenstein; is the monster really the sole person to blame for his murderous actions? According to Rousseau's theory, the monster is not the sole problem. Victor Frankenstein is his creator or "father" figure thus giving him the responsibility of his monster. "I felt as if I had

Ethics in the Workplace - Monster-Sized Similarities

919 words - 4 pages each other.Diversity AddressedThe residents of Monstropolis come in all shapes and sizes. Sulley is an approximately eight foot tall, blue-green fuzzy monster with purple spots and horns. His assistant, Wazowski, is green, has one gigantic eye, and dates a Medusa looking creature named Celia. Sulley's adversary, Randall, is a chameleon with a deceitful personality that changes colors with his mood and background. The sometimes friendly, but very

“The Monster Within: The Alien Self In Jane Eyre

635 words - 3 pages Summary of Arlene Young?s ?The Monster Within: The Alien Self in Jane Eyre and Frankenstein? Young, Arlene. ?The Monster Within: The Alien Self in Jane Eyre and Frankenstein.? Studies in the Novel 23 (1991): 325-38.Many critics have found fault with Jane Eyre. Arlene Young agrees with their view, commenting on the implausibility of Jane?s wanderings. Young feels that Jane accepts her diminishing existence with a personality devoid of spirit. As

Ethics In Archaeology Question: To What Extent Are Ethical Issues and Conservation Important in The Study of Archaeology?

2023 words - 8 pages Year 11 Ancient History: Ethics in ArchaeologyTo what extent are ethical issues and conservation important in the study of archaeology?Ethics in archaeology refers to the number of moral issues that are raised regarding the moral behavior of those excavating and those dealing with historical evidence and artifacts. Each one of these issues can be debated as being positive or negative but nonetheless they are all very important issues in the

"The Painted Bird": The Monster that Lives in Us All

1283 words - 5 pages living in a remote village that civilization never touched. Which makes me wonder, are there villages still out there like that? Cut off emotionally to the point of savagely beating and almost killing a little boy because of his race? Will there be another Adolf Hitler to lead civilians to commit such acts? As the human race, we can't doubt that a monster lives inside us all. Works Cited Kosinski, J. (1976). The Painted Bird. New York, New York: Houghton Mifflin Company. Napierkowski, M. R. (1998). The Painted Bird: Author Biography. Detroit:

Victor and the Monster are Reciprocals in "Frankenstein"

577 words - 2 pages There are many themes in the novel Frankenstein. One of these themes is that the monster and Victor are reciprocals. They were always and always will be linked. They are related in many different ways. In the following paragraphs I have mentioned four of them. One of these ways is that they are both isolated from society. The monster is isolated because of his physical features. Because he is ugly he is a social outcast. Victor isolates

The Label of Monster in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein

3710 words - 15 pages The Label of Monster in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein The novel, Frankenstein, was written by Mary Shelley in 1817. The novel is of a gothic genre as it includes the themes of monsters, death and oppressive nature. Her father raised her, after her mother's death ten days after Mary was born. Her father, William Godwin, was a radical philosopher, who encouraged Mary to read a lot. Mary met a young, married poet when she

Victor Frankenstein as the Monster in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein

1903 words - 8 pages In the novel Frankenstein, by Mary Shelley, Victor Frankenstein is the true monster, not the creature himself. Victor Frankenstein grew up in Geneva. He had a strong interest in reading the works of the ancient and outdated alchemists, and was fascinated by science and the 'secret of life.' One day he decided that he wanted to study further, so Victor actually created a person of his own out of old body parts and strange chemicals. When the

School Counseling: A Case Study in Ethical Decision Making

3174 words - 13 pages backgrounds, and differences in behaviour of their clients; stated in; The Australian Counselling Association (ACA-Au., 2008); Code of Conduct (2, 2.1), American Counselling Association (ACA, US, 2005), Code of Ethics (A.2c; B.1a; c.2a) and Education Queensland (EQ) Code of Conduct (1994) 2.1.1, and Education Queensland (EQ) (2008) Ethical Code, and Watson, Herlihy & Pierce, 2006. Confidentiality Confidentiality was explained to Lorena, and also

Similar Essays

Ethical Issues In The Study Of Domestic Violence

1237 words - 5 pages This essay will critically analyse the ethical issues portrayed in the study of researching domestic violence. Ethical issues are inevitable in any research, especially that of the sensitive population. This essay will look at the ethical dilemmas of researching a sensitive population in relation to gaining access to the data. This essay will also look at the safeguards that were put in place to potential ethical problems and analyse their

Violations Of The True Woman In The Coquette

766 words - 3 pages Violations of the True Woman in The Coquette             In her article, "The Cult of True Womanhood: 1820-1860," Barbara Welter discusses the nineteenth-century ideal of the perfect woman. She asserts that "the attributes of True Womanhood . . . could be divided into four cardinal virtues-piety, purity, submissiveness and domesticity." Furthermore, she adds that "if anyone, male or female, dared to tamper with the complex virtues which

Violations Of Human Rights In The Arab Israeli Conflict

2096 words - 8 pages Since the beginning of the Arab-Israeli conflict there have been countless human rights violations committed by both sides, but the majority of violations have been carried out by Israel against the Palestinians. In looking at the conflict, one may believe that every attack has featured a human rights violation, but in order to be able to properly determine what human rights violations are, one must know the history of human rights and how they

Human Rights Violations In The War On Terrorism

1027 words - 4 pages Following the September 11th terrorist attacks in which at least 3,000 people were killed, the United States has pursued policies that violate human rights in order to wage the war on terrorism. These policies include the adoption of new security measures, the poor treatment of captured fighters at Guantanamo Bay Naval Base in Cuba, and the willingness of the Bush administration to overlook human rights violations in other countries in