What Is Ethics And The Background Behind Ethics

1414 words - 6 pages

1) What is Ethics?
There are many different opinions of people on the word ‘ethics’. Some would say it is to differentiate between rights or wrong based on feeling. Another part of society believes that ethics is something that is a requirement by religion. Others however, would say that ethics is an obligation to uphold the law.
When people defines ethics by separating right and wrong based on feelings, it is not entirely true because some people tend to choose the wrong thing to do based on feelings. Thus, by using feeling as a judgment, it strays from the purpose of ethics.
Besides that, where society thinks ethics is connected with religion also implies that it is not entirely true. Although religious belief people show great level of ethics in their daily life, it cannot be said that only religious people have ethics because even some people who are not believers in God shows great level of ethics. Religion does teach us to be a person with high ethical behavior but however, ethics cannot be categorized only to religion.
The law is the highest degree of rules and anybody who follows it could be said as a good person. But still however, a person that follows the law cannot be said entirely that he/she have good ethics and mannerism. For example, smoking in public near non-smokers and children is not against the law but it is not ethical to do that. A person that really follows the law that has written by the country certainly sometimes doesn’t show good ethics in character.
Ethics define a broad meaning on the subject itself. Baumhart,R (1987) states that ethics can be separated into 2 things. Firstly, it could be identified as a great level of right or wrong which can relates to the actions of people mostly in terms of integrity, kindness, and trustworthiness. These actions can be connected with the right to choose something in life, the right to choose to be free from any harm or the right in privacy. These standards of ethics show consistency to be a good person.
Secondly, the study of ethics could be recognized by the field of development of a person’s capability to be ethical. As stated before, based on feelings, religion and laws could be combined to represent one’s continuity to show effort by showing their own moral behavior and continuously to rebuild their life becoming a better one.

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2) Background
Generally, ethics which is known as moral philosophy is connected to philosophy which includes doing and conducting between right or wrong. This refers to choosing the best decision based on our own common sense. From the collection of words by the Oxford dictionary, the word ‘ethics’ could be define as moral values that reflects someone’s behavior, or the action of doing something nice.
The study of ethics is a very broad knowledge that needs to be broken down and focus on each part of ethics. In the western civilization, the school of studying ethics can be divided and separated into 3 major...

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