Ethics And Ethical Behaviour. Essay

1309 words - 5 pages

ABSTRACTThis paper examines the four philosophical viewpoints that underpin an understanding of what constitutes ethical behaviour. It then covers the methods that an organisation can use to promote and maintain high ethical standards within a business environment.Ethics can be seen as a set of principles that govern what is considered 'right' and 'wrong' in regards to ones conduct (Schermerhorn et al, 2004.) Therefore ethical behaviour is that which is considered 'right' in a moral sense. There are four philosophical viewpoints that underpin an interpretation of ethics and ethical behaviour.The utilitarian view was formulated in 1781 by Jeremy Bentham, and later elaborated on by the philosopher John Stuart Mill (Wikipedia, 2005.) It's a principle that bases the 'rightness' of an action on the value (or utility) of its consequences; and is commonly viewed as the greatest good for the greatest number. The value of an action is positive if the action increases the total 'happiness' in the world (Wikipedia, 2005.) In a business context, profits, efficiency and other performance criteria can be used to determine what is best for the majority of people. However, based on a utilitarian view of ethics alone, problems could arise when the pursuit of happiness for the majority results in unfair hardship or unhappiness for the minority. Using happiness alone as a judge, ignores certain other determinates of ethical behaviour such as the social acceptability of an action. In the past, certain types of pollution would have been tolerated as doing so would have positively affected more people than negatively; whereas increased education and public awareness now deems much pollution unacceptable and inappropriate management of such as unethical.The individualism perspective of ethical behaviour is based upon the view that behaviour which advances long-term self interests is ethical (Schermerhorn et al, 2004.) While proposing to promote honesty and integrity, within a business context, the individualism view of ethics tends to encourage the pursuit of objectives (self interests) without adequate regard to its effect on other parties. If an action were technically legal and could be shown to advance the long-term interests of an organisation, it may be justifiable under an individualism view of ethics; however the legality of an action doesn't confirm it to be ethical.Under a moral rights view, ethical behaviour is that which respects and protects the fundamental rights of people (Schermerhorn et al, 2004.) Human rights, such as those defined under the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (to which Australia is a signatory,) are central to an understanding of this perspective. A moral rights view leads to an increased focus on health and safety in the workplace and more focus on ensuring employees are protected in general. The right to privacy, due process, free speech, free consent etc., are all recognised under a moral rights view and can lead to programs...

Find Another Essay On Ethics and ethical behaviour.

Moral distress, ethical climate and nursing ethics

838 words - 4 pages Moral distress, ethical climate and nursing ethics Ethics and Morals play an important role in the nursing profession; nurses are confronted with choices to make every day, and some of them more challenging than others. Ethics are affirmations between what it can be right or erroneous. For our society ethics is presented as a complex system of principles and beliefs. This system serves as an approach with the purpose of ensuring the protection

Distributive Justice: Inequality in Virtue Ethics and Ethical Egoism

1981 words - 8 pages Inequality in Virtue Ethics and Ethical Egoism Distributive justice attempts to limit economic inequalities that may arise in a society and is often associated with a minimum standard of living. While political equality concerns a citizen's political power, economic equality is commonly equated to equal opportunity, though the two are not mutually exclusive (Justice and Equality). In this paper I will explore the virtues of charity, tolerance

"How would you define business ethics, and why are ethical standards necessary in professional selling"

1467 words - 6 pages IntroductionEthics is the study of the general nature of morals and of specific moral choices; moral philosophy; and the rules of standards governing the conduct of the members of a profession. Business ethics is the application of ethical values in a business' behavior and even its salespersons to how the company conducts its business in order to make profit (Institute of Business Ethics n.d.). "It applies to any and all aspects of business

Moral Conflict with Ethical Principles and Laws - Suicidal Cancer Patient Tells Nurse Intentions - Ethics and Law of Health - Case Study

2568 words - 11 pages after this intervention. Utilitarian Ethics Analysis In addition to principle based ethics, the ethical theory of utilitarianism can be applied to further rationalize the most morally correct decision for the nurse. This theory was proposed by David Hume and follows the fundamental principle that ?actions are right in so far as they produce greater net utility than available alternatives?. This construes that the best action would provide

Leadership and Ethics Course, Through Military Discussing Ethical Decisions as They Relate To Utilitarian Teleologist, Kantian Deontologist and Decision Making,

3080 words - 12 pages is that of a Kantian Deontologist (KD) who's reasoning would be to follow the order to evacuate, leaving them there. Their ethical reasoning is related directly to performance of their duty, following orders given to them by command and not of an emotional feeling. Kantian is derived from the philosopher Immanuel Kant whose ethics are founded on rationality as the higher good, and that people are rational beings. When making a decision you must

Ethical and legal analysis of the Ann Hopkins v. Price Waterhouse discrimination law suit. Focuses on case law and ethics

3145 words - 13 pages CASE?The ethical rules that I feel may be applicable in this case are as follows:I feel that throughout the case a sense of egoism was present. In some slight sense, nonconsequential ethics came into play in that "the process is the process and we must follow it" regardless of any categorical violations. Where egoism comes into play is that the firm only cared about how they would "feel" if Hopkins were made partner. It did not matter that she was

A look into the world of business ethics and a review of Albert Carr's article: "is Business Bluffing Ethical?"

1761 words - 7 pages Albert Carr's article entitled "Is Business Bluffing Ethical", explains that business is like a game with its own set of rules and ethical standards, such that deception does not apply to the business world as it does in ordinary life. In Carr's opinion, a businessperson will only succeed and be profitable in the business industry if that person follows a set of ethics, separate from society's religious ethics. These fundamental business rules

The Importance of High Ethical Standards, as Explained by Eric Wahlgren in The Ins and Outs of Ethics

742 words - 3 pages The Ins and Outs of Ethics is a Business Week Online magazine article from May 13, 2001, it was written by Eric Wahlgren. In the article he interviews Michael Rion, the author of The Responsible Manager. Rion is also a leading business ethics advisor who consults many Standard and Poor’s 500 companies. In the article Wahlgren asks Rion why it is important for businesses to have a high ethical standard. In his responses, Rion explains that

discuss why business ethics is concerned with issues of wright and wrong behaviour in business context? Comment on the four alternative views of e

2169 words - 9 pages This essay will outline why business ethics is concerned with the issues of right and wrong behaviour in a business context. Furthermore, this essay will mention four alternative views of ethical behaviour in the context of business organisations. Additionally with the use of examples, it will state how this could link to definitions of corporate social responsibility. Furthermore, I will also be using books, academic articles and journals to

Ethics In Archaeology Question: To What Extent Are Ethical Issues and Conservation Important in The Study of Archaeology?

2023 words - 8 pages Year 11 Ancient History: Ethics in ArchaeologyTo what extent are ethical issues and conservation important in the study of archaeology?Ethics in archaeology refers to the number of moral issues that are raised regarding the moral behavior of those excavating and those dealing with historical evidence and artifacts. Each one of these issues can be debated as being positive or negative but nonetheless they are all very important issues in the

Argo ethical analysis of the movie with examples and 3 pages long - Ethics - ethical anaylsis

1066 words - 5 pages Perry 4 Haley Perry Amy Jeffers September 30, 2017 PHL 120-012 Ethical Film Analysis: October 2, 2017 Argo, a film about a creative and daring escape from Iran a few months after the 1979 revolution. This movie has been the subject of some serious criticism. Argo tells the story of six U.S. State Department employees who escaped the 1979 siege at the American embassy in Tehran (which resulted in the 444-day hostage saga), but who were still

Similar Essays

Marketing Law And Ethics: The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Ethical Behaviour In Marketing

1104 words - 4 pages Marketing Law and EthicsAssignment One - EthicsBeing ethical as a marketer has its advantages as well as its disadvantages. The 'negative' advantages are obvious, all of which point to personal and business gain. However, to say that one must act unlawfully to be unethical would be false. The provided statement is completely factual and is particularly relevant to marketing and, more accurately, business, in the fact that "ethics are not, by

Ethical Behaviour Policy And Practice In Organisations

1900 words - 8 pages 1 ETHICS 1.1 Defining ethical behaviour Ethics is a philosophical term derived from the Greek word "ethos" meaning character or custom (Sims, 1992). Ethical behaviour is behaviour that is morally accepted as good and right, as opposed to bad and wrong (Wood, Zeffane, Fromholtz & Fitzgerald, 2006). An ethical dilemma requires a person to make a choice between competing sets of principles based on how morally good and right as opposed to how

Obligation Ethics And Ethical Behavior

659 words - 3 pages I have high regards for ethics and ethical behavior. With this being the case, it was not unusual that the results of the ethics inventory described my ethical perspective as obligatory. I honestly feel that I have a moral obligation to do what is right in every aspect of life, whether it be business or professional. I have learned however, that in business, ethics can more times than not take a back seat to adding numbers to the bottom line

The Relationship Between Biblical Teaching And Ethical Behaviour

1553 words - 6 pages The Relationship Between Biblical Teaching and Ethical Behaviour All Christians share the belief that the Bible is divinely inspired. We all turn to it to be challenged and inspired by it, and to expose ourselves to the divine perspective. For the church the Bible is normative. That is to say the church places itself under the authority of scripture. The Biblical definition of ethics is connected with doctrine and they