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Ethics And Management Essay

982 words - 4 pages

Ethics and ManagementIntroduction to ethicsThe United States public is increasingly concerned with ethics. A great number of professors are teaching courses in ethics and more students are studying ethics more than ever before. Incidents from Vietnam to Washington have reminded us that people in all walks of life are vulnerable to doing what is wrong. During the past decade, the Coast Guard Academy and other educational centers have shown increasing interest in the study of ethical principles. Most officer cadet schools require that all cadets to take professional ethics seminar prior to graduation.Neutrality rulesThere are some major barriers to the acceptance of ethics as a discipline of value in public administration. The first barrier is the ethic of neutrality describes the ideal manager as a completely reliable instrument of the goals of the organization, never injecting individual values into the process of furthering these goals. This view of passive ethics reinforces the illusion that managers do not exercise independent moral judgment, and that managers are therefore insulated from external accountability for the consequences of decisions. The ethic of neutrality rules out, in advance, the possibility of morally acceptable internal opposition to decisions of the organization. It oversimplifies the manager's job, making no requirements for the wide range of substantive moral decisions made on a regular basis and restrictive the manager's courses of action to obedience or resignation. This perspective is neither realistic nor popular. A cadre of morally passive manager's would not possess the necessary fortitude expected of military leaders.Ethical PressuresEthical pressures of Coast Guard professional are the rules, goals, and situations that provide the framework and criteria for determining what is right and wrong, good and bad. The moment that decision-making is questioned for the military professional the decision is crowded with signals emanating from rule-oriented obligations, goal-oriented aspirations, and situation-oriented demands. Each sailor is responsible for juggling the moral claims from these sources and for determining which signals merit priority. Rules normally give the primary criteria for ethical decisions. When the questions arises "What should I to do?" or "What is the right thing for me to do?" reflect not only a sense of obligation but also an awareness that a standard exists for establishing what is essential and what is correct. Initially, these were religious questions referring to the will of God. Now they have become questions for the average citizen and the military professional.Administrative EthicsAdministrative ethics is the view object of moral judgment that's for and the military as a whole. Superiors cannot be held morally responsible for most of the decisions and policies of government. Yet this very perspective erodes democratic accountability and lowers the moral bar for collective military behavior...

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