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Ethics And Morality In Philosophy Essay

873 words - 3 pages

Morality has always been an unacknowledged and crucial role in defining ethics. Principles tend to be a virtue that applies only within society and can be distinguished from law, religion, or ethics. Morality in its defining sense can be different from each other, depending on the foundations of the society that claim their morality. Different societies have a different sense of what their moral priority would be like. Their morality can be based on purity and honesty when others concerned with practices. Many philosophers encourage morality, because generally it prevents and avoids harm to any society that is formed into certain groups.
The most interesting notion of the morality comes out in a question whether it is informed through different sources of knowledge.
The history of our world is not only a succession of events, but also a chain of ideas. It is impossible to know the true sense of the present and the aims of the future unless we take a look at the past. There many great minds whose philosophies had a profound effect on western political thought. However, in a discussion of epistemology that informs ethics, it would be wise to consider Hume's, Descartes’, and Camus's theoretical approaches that give us the basic understanding of epistemology and advice on ethical belief.
One of the main positions in ethics is based on empiricist theory of the mind. Hume as one of the empiricists argues that epistemology comes from the sense experience and reason alone cannot be a motive to a will. The idea cannot be innate, but only come from experiences. Human beings do not have to have to rely solely on reason, but only experiences that come from nature. Hume had very particular epistemological principles (sense experience) and proceeding from his epistemology he developed his ethical theories (Broad, pg.85). Philosopher talks about the emotion that one feels from time to time – disapproval and approval. We have certain moral obligations, because of the nature of our human being – experience of pain or pleasure, our family bounds and or approvals or disapprovals of these. In his Enquiry concerning the Principles of Morals, Hume says that “the end of all moral speculations is to teach us our duty; and, by proper representations of the deformity of vice and beauty of virtue, beget correspondent habits, and engage us to avoid the one, and embrace the other” (Hume, pg.172). Philosopher is not trying to draw rational and scientific actions of human being, as Descartes, but rather to explain some observational facts of human nature. He reduces these facts to small and very general principles. By doing so he founds a reason for...

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