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Ethics And Philosophy. Essay

569 words - 2 pages

Ethics is not only a branch of philosophy, but more so the base of philosophy. Socrates believed in the four Cardinal Virtues of the soul and he believed in the eternality of the soul. To make the soul eternal it must have a good balance between the four Cardinal Virtues of temperance, courage, wisdom, and justice. Taking that into consideration, ethics is the moral conduct of all living things; the science of morals. To be moral one must be just, temperate, and have reason; the four Cardinal Virtues. It is safe to say that Socrates believed that ethics and philosophy go hand in hand.Socrates searched for justice and morals; he was the founder of Moral Philosophy. He questioned equality and justice and tried to search for the standard for justice. Socrates contemplated what was moral and what was not. Also, he challenged others to think of it as well. One can see an example of this in Euthyphro. Socrates is talking to Euthyphro and questions, "Tell me then, what is the pious, and what the impious, do you say?" (Euthyphro 5d). This question alone tells the reader that Socrates was interested in what was moral and what was immoral, likewise, what is pious and what is impious. Socrates tries to figure an answer when he exclaims "Well then, what is dear to the gods is pious, what is not is impious" (Euthyphro 7a). Even hours away from his death Socrates is contemplating about what right and wrong is. Talking to Crito about escaping the jail cell Socrates states:S: Well then, if one is oneself injured, is it right, as the majority say, to inflict an injury in return, or is it not?C: It is never right.S: Injuring people is no different from...

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