Ethics hinder scientific research. Do you agree?
Ever since the scientific revolution, there have been countless breakthroughs in the scientific field. From the invention of the light bulb to the computers we stare at daily, it is axiomatic that such things can only happen due to the advancement in science. However, a myriad of scientific researches today have received strong opposition due to the ethical concerns regarding the research. This essay will agree that ethics hinder scientific research because society has a system of shared values and norms which constitutes people’s ethical personality and differentiates what is ethical and can be tolerated.
Firstly, ethics hinder scientific research as the abuse of animals causes deformation in our ethical culture. In order to find a cure for Parkinson’s disease, marmosets in the laboratories of King's College have been given a drug known as 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine – or MPTP, a neurotoxin that ...view middle of the document...
Hence, many people oppose the abuse of animals for research purposes. For example, people in the animal rights group PETA in India has campaigned for the ban of animal testings. Therefore, ethics hinder scientific research because people object to the exploitation of animals for research purposes since it is unethical, which leads to the stall of finding a new cure for diseases.
Next, ethics hinder scientific research as the act of killing humans is not morally acceptable in our society. For instance, stem cell research has been banned and made illegal in many countries like Germany and Austria due to the potential ethical concerns. This is mainly because many people consider that human life in the form of an ovum and spermatozoon becomes a human individual with a soul at the time of fertilization. Hence, they consider the killing of any embryo in order to extract its stem cell to be a sort of homicide. Since homicide in our society is considered an immoral act, it is only natural that many people would oppose stem cell research. However, stem cell research has proven its benefits to mankind as through it, scientist would be able to gain a fuller apprehension of the human anatomy and discover cures for diseases like cancer and Huntington's disease. In short, ethics hinder scientific research as people oppose to homicide, which is immoral, hence prevents scientist to discover new things.
Lastly, ethics hinder scientific research owing to the ethical concerns of using science to decide the fate of humans. In 2008, an Indian court convicted a woman accused of murdering her former fiancé by feeding him arsenic-laced food, based on a scan of her brain. The court was satisfied that a brain scan allowed researchers to tell that Aditi Sharma had "experiential knowledge" of the act. The judge deemed that sufficient evidence to convict her. People from many other countries, especially Singapore, do not find it ethical because of the unfairness to the Indian woman. How do we know for sure if the scan of the brain reflects the person's real or imagined experience? As a result, many countries steer away from neurological research which showed its unreliability. Hence, ethics hinder scientific research due to the morality of relying on science for court cases and subsequently hamper neurological research.