This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Ethics In Nigeria Essay

1800 words - 8 pages

Ethical issues develop when environmental regulations in a host nation are less than the home nation. Developed nations have established many regulations regarding pollution, where as developing nations often lack regulations. Lack of regulations often causes developing country’s to experience higher levels of pollution. Nigeria, the most populous country in Africa, is a country whose people have experienced environmental problems because foreign multinationals are allowed to operate their businesses while committing human rights violations. In the case study, Shell and Nigerian Oil, by William Newberry and Thomas N Gladwin, Royal Dutch/Shell Group the largest foreign oil producer in Africa has been publically criticized for extracting oil from ethnic communities such the Ogoni people living near the Nigerian River Delta. The once fertile land served as a major source of food for the highly populated region, but was turned into a waste land full of pollution and land degradation caused by the company’s production of oil. In his paper I will discuss role that the people of Nigeria faced and will discuss how a relativist, universalist, Donaldson, Smith, Friedman, Marx and Bowie would view ethical or unethical role that the Shell Oil Company’s played in the situation.

In the early 1990’s several ethnic groups in Nigeria peacefully protested against big oil companies who caused pollution in their communities. The country’s military dictatorship took action against them and killed 80 people. A few years later when the people living in the Ogoni region protested to stop contactors from laying a new pipeline for Shell, Nigeria’s Mobile Police Force killed over 2000 people. Critics argued that Shell was partly to blame for the killings but they never accepted responsibility.

According to the concept of ethical relativism, what is ethical or unethical is judged in the light of local moral standards and vary from country to country. Ethical Relativism’s rule is, “when in Rome do as the Romans do.” This means that companies can adopt ethical codes of conduct governed strictly by local ethical standards and then believe that it is a sufficient guide for conducting their behavior. A relativist would argue that Royal Dutch/Shell Oil Group adapted to the culture they were in while operating their business in Nigeria, so this would mean that their behavior was justifiably ethical.

Ever since the company began its oil production in the Niger Delta region in the late 1950’ the company received support from local government to suppress opposition of oil drilling, from local people. It wasn’t unusual for the government to use deadly force on these protesters. In fact, some argue that it was the protestors who were responsible for the oil spills that related to the problem of pollution in the region. A relativist would point out that it would be normal for the Royal Dutch/Shell Oil Group to operate their business in Nigeria under the government’s...

Find Another Essay On Ethics in Nigeria

Global Consideration Paper-MGT/448: Global Business Strategies

2223 words - 9 pages Nigeria, they have decided to use an ECM to help them get established in Africa. It is important to understand the risk associated with HR, supply chain, IT, R&D, legal and ethics of the country the organizations is getting ready to enter. Understanding the risk could be the difference between being an organization being profitable or failing and losing everything in a new country.ReferencesAsk the ITA. (2003, March). Export America, pp 14-15

Coal mine in Appalachia Essay

1050 words - 5 pages The colonization of Africa has brought with it many losses that have been challenging, perhaps impossible to resuscitate, even after African countries gained their freedom. Colonization of Africa by European powers resulted in a consequential disruption of traditional cultures and an imposition of Western beliefs and ethics replacing deeply rooted indigenous rituals and customs. One of the legacies the colonial powers left behind in post

MGT/448: Global Business Strategies-Nigeria

8745 words - 35 pages Zen Corporation. Our team will provide an explanation on our company and product, the area in which we wish to market our product, and an analysis on the area we chose collectively as a group. We feel that we are able to influence the importance of clean water and good health by beginning with the country of Nigeria with our drinking water filtration system. Our goal is to not only make an effort to help make people's lives easier, but to address

The Commercial Use of Mobile Telephones

3370 words - 13 pages ? MTN, in late 1999, was already in the process of securing a license in Nigeria. After securing the license, MTN planned to go live in Nigeria in a 6 month period. 20 to 30 expatriates had already been selected and were prepared to begin roll-out of business and services as soon as the license was in place. There were a number of reasons for the urgency of this operation. The population of 129 million plus, this was a single license for MTN

International Business: Norms of Morality and Local Cultures

1821 words - 7 pages materials and finished products and forms of ministry. This step called as franchising. In terms to entering the international business, of course there will be obstacles in domestic market further ahead. There are: 1. The Cultural differences 2. Politic Obstacles 3. Operational Obstacles 4. Multinational Company 2. DISCUSSION A. Ethics comes from the word ethos, a branch of philosophy Axiology that discuss about ethics which are values

Public Ethics

936 words - 4 pages to enhance my academic learning and improve my work ethics after the completion of the program. After completing my program, I intend to be a member of Ethics Practitioner’s Association of Canada. I plan to render consultation service to public sector departments in Nigeria to redress the ethical standard and values allowed to improve the public administration system. Not for the moment . Conflict-of-interest is one of the areas I will explore for

Management

2362 words - 9 pages necessary ingredient for success ? will be lost.Overview Shell grew out of an alliance in 1907 between Royal Dutch Petroleum (RD) and the Shell Transport and Trading Company (SC). The companies agreed to merge their interest while maintaining their separate identities. RD owns 60% of the union while SD owns the balance. Shell, one of the world?s largest oil companies, has been pumping almost half of Nigeria?s oil from the Ogoni lands since the late

Counseling Ethics

855 words - 3 pages Beulah’s Bilingual and Parallel Bible. KJV. (Yoruba/English) Beulahland Bible Publishers Nigeria. 2007 Briggs, Donald, and Donald, Blocher. Foundations of Ethical Counseling. New York: Springer Pub. Co. 1987. Collins, Gary R. Excellence and Ethics in Christian Counseling. Resources for Christian Counselors. Vol.30. Atlanta, Georgia: Word Inc., 1991. Corey, Gerald. Et al. Issues and Ethics in the Helping Profession. Brooks/Cole Pub. Co. 1993

Counseling Ethics

1462 words - 6 pages Standards for School Counselors. Alexandria, 1998. Awoyemi Joseph Adebayo, Counseling Program and Counseling Code for Annotto Bay High School. Annotto Bay High School, 2003 Beulah’s Bilingual and Parallel Bible. KJV. (Yoruba/English) Beulahland Bible Publishers Nigeria. 2007 Briggs, Donald, and Donald, Blocher. Foundations of Ethical Counseling. New York: Springer Pub. Co. 1987. Collins, Gary R. Excellence and Ethics in Christian Counseling

One of the most highly known African authors today is

2006 words - 8 pages society above self, respect for the aged, and reverence for achievers, which resulted in the absence of self analysis and a stable code of ethics in the society of pre-Independent Nigeria. Lured by western education and well paying jobs, the youth of the country did not hesitate to stoop to the levels of immortality and dangerous permissiveness (Amuta19.) Disappointed by the younger generation of Nigerians, Chinua Achebe wrote No Longer at Ease, as an

Negative Aspects of Globalization

1779 words - 8 pages always for the better. Hill (2013) states that since countries are very different, seeming benefits of globalization are deceptive. The truth is that theories of trade, ethics, and culture that explain the effects of globalization in industrialized countries cannot be applied to explain the effects and consequences of globalization for developing or underdeveloped countries (Ghosh et al., 2006). In other words, globalization impacts developing

Similar Essays

Leadership And Corruption In Nigeria Essay

2288 words - 10 pages Gidado J. Mustapha A00014728 PHI_300 Research Paper Ethics and Leadership Dr. Pavel Ushakov 17th April, 2014. LEADERSHIP AND CORRUPTION IN NIGERIA Introduction: Leadership has always been one of the best factors to consider when determining the goal of a society or a community, it does not matter how big or small a community might be; it has to have a leader if it wants to be developed and harmonized (Ushakov). Leadership has always

International Management Issues Shell In Nigeria

2831 words - 11 pages Executive SummaryThis report focuses on the issues surrounding Shell operation and ethical practices in Nigeria. After a detailed analysis it's found that the Shell has been involved with issues such as violence, spillover, land invasion which is hampering the company's performance and image. Report also provides evidence that the issue has been lasting for the past number of years and Shell has not been able to resolve issues. Based on all the

Oil Pollution In The Niger Delta: The Responsibility Of The Nigerian State And Oil Companies

2276 words - 9 pages :74ff4dd3ac99a5671839ea5204b2a729>. Haller, Tobias. Fossil fuels, oil companies, and indigenous peoples: strategies of multinational oil companies, states, and ethnic minorities : impact on environment, livelihoods, and cultural change. Zürich: Lit Verlag, 2007. Print. Manby, Bronwen. “Shell in Nigeria: Corporate Social Responsibility and the Ogoni Crisis.” Carnegie Council on Ethics and International Affairs 20 (2000): 1-15. Google Scholar. Web. 1

Royal Dutch Shell: Globe Business And Ethics Paper

1025 words - 4 pages lawsuits were brought against Royal Dutch Shell, Shell Nigeria, and Brian Anderson, the head of its Nigerian operation.The case went to trial on May 26, 2009, in federal court in New York City. After 13 years of litigation, the case against Shell ended in a historic $15.5 million settlement for the plaintiffs. Shell's reputation, ethics, and morality were negatively viewed by patrons, the government, and other corporations of the world. Shell