Ethics In Robotics Essay

1810 words - 7 pages

Ética, Persona y SociedadEnsayo FinalROBÓTICA: ¿DESARROLLO O ATENTO CONTRA LA HUMANIDAD?Vivimos en una época en la que suceden acontecimientos y avances importantes para la historia de la humanidad, en intervalos de tiempo cada vez más cortos. Los expertos estiman que para el año de 2030, el mundo dará un paso hacia la gEconomy, es decir, una economía basada en el mercado de productos y servicios relacionados con la genética (en contraste con la actual, basada en Tecnologías de Información y Comunicación). La gEconomy, comercializará, entre otras cosas, inteligencia artificial, robótica y androides. He ahí la importancia de plantearse un dilema ético de esta índole, pues los avances en robótica acercan poco a poco, este tema de las películas de ciencia ficción a una realidad de la vida diaria.Desde los robots que juegan futbol hasta los que practican cirugías y los drones que funcionan como aviones de guerra semiautónomos, son ya una realidad que bien puede mejorar la calidad de vida del ser humano, hasta atentar mortalmente contra la misma, violando los derechos fundamentales y los valores universales. El problema es: ¿Están conscientes de ello los desarrolladores de estas tecnologías? ¿Se está previendo esta situación legislativamente?Estableciendo que la ética es una ciencia que contempla las normas que buscan regular la conducta humana, abarca también la conducta de los robots, ya que si bien la creación de estos últimos busca inteligencia y autonomía, los robots son un producto del hombre y es ello lo que lo convierte en un asunto regulado por la ética.¿Cómo se regula entonces la autonomía de un dispositivo con capacidades androides? A continuación se hablará de normas existentes al respecto y ejemplos de la ciencia ficción que anticipan esta situación.Isaac Assimov, autor de ciencia ficción, propuso a raíz de este mismo dilema, las Tres Leyes de la Robótica. Estas normas ("leyes" no es una correcta denominación) se pueden suponer como un código de ética aplicable a dicha ciencia y se enuncian a continuación:Primera ley: Un robot no puede hacer daño a un ser humano o, por inacción, permitir que un ser humano sufra daño.Segunda ley: Un robot debe obedecer las órdenes dadas por los seres humanos, excepto si entrasen en conflicto con la Primera Ley.Tercera ley: Un robot debe proteger su propia existencia en la medida en que esta protección no entre en conflicto con la Primera o la Segunda Ley.A pesar de que las leyes anteriores pudiesen sonar poco serias al provenir de un autor de ciencia ficción de la década de los 40's, son tan prácticas y aplicables a la...

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