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Ethics Of Stem Cell Research Essay

1743 words - 7 pages

The Ethical Questions of Embryonic Stem Cell ResearchDonna GuilloryProfessor MaxfieldLAS 301 OF18 September 2014In the field of medical ethics, there is one topic in today's society that affects a lot ofcontroversy whenever it is brought up. This topic is that of the research on embryonic stem cellsfor medicines of the future. Stem cell research is something that has been around for quite sometime but in the last two decades, the use of embryos for stem cells has grown substantially causingmuch disagreement amongst many people. It is not the practice of using stem cells in scientific andmedical procedures that is the cause of the controversy, but that many of these cells are beingharvested from the embryos of many unborn children. Much of the debate on the issue of usingembryonic stem cells comes from the moral concern for the life that the embryo could have possiblybeen born into if it had the chance. Also another major moral question that is pivotal in theunderstanding of this topic is whether or not the embryo is considered human and if it can enjoy thesame rights that we as adult humans enjoy. The answers to these questions are very deep grey areas,and there is much disagreement as to which school of thought on the subject has the correct point ofview. This worldwide debate draws people of many different cultures into play and is fronted mainlyby religious organizations with the argument from the scientific community, that it is ethical.The main focus of the Christian community on embryonic stem cells, is on the fact that a humanlife is being used as a means for this medical research. In the Christian faith, the life is something thatlasts from conception to natural death, and they believe that when the embryo is destroyed for thismedical research that the child is being murdered. Another major argument laid out by the Christianfaith is the "future like ours" argument. This argument makes the point that these embryos beingdestroyed are being denied the chance to have a "future like ours" and therefore we are morallyreprehensible for committing this act (Kuflik 2007). Because the embryo is being destroyed before ithas the chance to achieve an adult age, we are infringing on the rights of the embryo.The opinion of the Christian community on embryonic stem cell research comes mostly fromscripture and from Christian ideals that have come to be seen as law. "God created man in his ownimage, in the image of God he created him, male and female he created them." (Catholic Church 2011).One of the very basic tenants of the Christian belief system is that mankind is created in the image ofGod, and for that reason we are too special to be kept from flourishing human life. Christians wouldweigh in heavily on this point, noting that these potential human beings are being used as a meansrather than an end, this would compromise their rights as humans. Another point made by scripturethat supports the opposition of stem cell research is the status of the...

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