This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Etiology Of Pediatric Obesity Essay

1202 words - 5 pages

Fast food, as an aspect of our cultural identity, alone, cannot be responsible for the epidemic of childhood obesity in the United States, as the behavior of children is largely reliant on the influences of their parents. Home and social environments, parenting styles, family-feeding practices are the primary influences on early childhood nutritional behaviors. Obesity is a serious and widespread health problem in only certain kinds of societies characterized by economic modernizations, food surplus, and social acceptance.
During adiposity, around 5 to 6 years of age, a child’s body fatness declines to a minimum before increasing into adulthood. A study conducted at Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound found evidence of normal weight children with at least one overweight parent at the time of adiposity rebound, is nearly 5 times as likely to be obese as an adult. However, if both parents are obese before the child reaches adiposity rebound, there is 13 times the risk of the child becoming an obese adult. Generally recognized as genetic predispositions, the causes of excess adiopsity may affect a variety of possible physiological processes, including basal metabolic rates. Individuals with “fat phenotypes” are likely to develop adult obesity but genetic inheritance does not cause obesity alone (Whitiker).
These obese parents are creating specific food environments for their children containing high fat, high-calorie, energy dense foods. High fat foods introduced from an early age, opening a window to a variety of fatty foods loathed as early as the toddler years. High caloric foods frequently purchased as staple items within these homes and with easy access, weight gain continues. These parents often have food orientation that rewards certain behaviors with food. This form of training causes toddlers to derive pleasure from food, therefore a greater desire for food and sensation of eating is looked forward to (Figlewicz).
Another way parents influences eating habits is through food modeling, mealtime structuring, and parental style. With gradual introduction of foods, children are genetically predisposed to accept or dismiss certain foods. Parents must overcome genetic expression of food rejection to further support their child in healthy eating habits. Negative emotions from the adult feeder will extend to the child, therefore reinforcing negative feedback. A food neophobic child will continue to have a negative experience with these novel items unless their peers and people around them accept the food and eat these foods in the presence of the child. The frequent exposures required to overcome novel food items are reported as unachievable with current modern-day time constraints (Dovey).
Nearly two-thirds of all meals consumed by children come from home, despite the frequent appearance of fast food restaurants and convenient dining establishments (Dietz). Having an undeniable influence on childhood weight status, the...

Find Another Essay On Etiology of Pediatric Obesity

Prominence of Obesity Essay

1079 words - 5 pages to a being with no family history of obesity, as well as an even higher risk is detected in cases of critical obesity” (Etiology). Also, heritability of obesity could differ reliant on the Phenotype in an individual. Research Chair in Obesity once again elaborates, “It tends to be higher for phenotypes linked to adipose tissue distribution (40-55%) and for weight or body fat excess (5-40%)” (Etiology). Now, genetics can be impacted by means of

The Obesity Epidemic Essay

1230 words - 5 pages )." KidsHealth. Ed. Mary L. Gavin. The Nemours Foundation, 01 Sept. 2013. Web. 09 Apr. 2014. Chagnon, Y.C., Perusse, L., Weisnagel, S.J., Rankinen, T., & Bouchard, C. (2000). The Human Obesity Gene Map: The 1999 Update. Obesity Research, 8(2), 89-117. Goran, M.I. & Weinsier, R.L. (2000). Editorial: Role of Environmental vs. Metabolic Factors in the Etiology of Obesity: Time to Focus on the Environment. Obesity Research 8(5), 407-409. "Health

Patterns of Obesity Reduction

1362 words - 5 pages ). Pathogenesis of obesity. Retrieved from Hamdy, O., Citkowitz, E., Uwaifo, G. I., & Oral, E. (2013). Obesity. Retrieved from Klish, W. J. (2013). Definition; epidemiology; and etiology of obesity in children and adolescents. Retrieved from

Factors of Childhood Obesity

2791 words - 11 pages 18% in 2010 (CDC, 2013). As the subject matter of childhood obesity continues to alarm health professionals from the escalating rates, the etiology of this health problem is what makes this issue difficult to resolve. The problem of childhood obesity is multifactorial and has been used as an accusation for the cause of childhood obesity. Many of these factors are environment related and some are due to the lack of parental supervision which stirs

Socioeconomic Status and Childhood Obesity

2607 words - 10 pages (CDC, n.d.). Prevention of obesity in children should be the foremost line of treatment. In 2003, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) released a policy declaration on the prevention of pediatric overweight and obesity. This report endorsed health guidance and support to prevent obesity in children. The AAP states that pediatricians have a duty to become skillful at identifying children at risk for obesity, compute and calculate BMI

The Long Term Effects of Childhood Obesity

723 words - 3 pages (2007) also stated that as a child’s weight increases, so does their chance of death, and “over 300,000 deaths per year will be attributed to obesity” (p.13). New pediatric diagnoses have encouraged more research on the effects of childhood obesity. Kelly and Reilly (2011) explored nine of these studies, with each naming obesity the cause for significant morbidity in adulthood (p. 3). Diabetes, heart disease, hypertension in early adulthood

Causes of Childhood Obesity

1246 words - 5 pages in children ages 6-11 (Axmaker, 1). This obvious epidemic has raised great concern in the medical community because widespread childhood obesity has increased the prevalence of the once rare juvenile diabetes and pediatric hypertension (Bastin, 45). This concern has prompted intense investigation of the causes of childhood studies, aside from socioeconomic status, three major causes have been shown: diet, genetics or biological factors, and

Obesity: Choice or Disease?

754 words - 4 pages menopause, their metabolic rate decreases significantly (WebMD, 2013). In such instances, would it be wise to attribute the etiology of their obesity to ‘choice’? Indeed, certain uncontrollable physiological and biological vulnerabilities may influence a person’s likelihood of becoming obese; however, several strategies have been proposed to assist individuals to combat obesity. For example, eating the right food at the right time, or eating certain

Obesity in America on the Rise

1505 words - 7 pages Obesity in America Today, 78.1 million American adults and 12.5 million children are obese. Obesity in America is a unstoppable epidemic. Since the 1960s, the number of obese adults have doubled and the number of obese children have tripled. Because of America’s obesity problems, Surgeon General David Satcher issued a report saying; "The Surgeon General's Call to Action to Prevent and Decrease Overweight," said that obesity "have reached

Nursing the Obese Back to Health

2186 words - 9 pages and evaluation of population-level interventions to prevent childhood obesity. Nurses need to step in at pediatric visits and become more involved with families, this allows for more personal and confidence based discussions and room to advise on foods to eat and not to eat, such that can help teach children to make healthy choices. This article talked a little bit about low-income children and how they lack a lot of the information about how to

An Epidemic in America

1715 words - 7 pages ., Rekleiti, M., Saridi, M., Beliotis, E., Toska, A., Souliotis, K., & Wozniak, G. (2012). Prevalence of obesity in children aged 6-12 years in Greece: Nutritional behaviour and physical activity. Archives of Medical Science, 8(5), 859-864. Retrieved from • Alberga, A. S., Sigal, R. J., Goldfield, G., Prud Homme, D., & Kenny, G. P. (2012). Overweight and obese teenagers: Why is adolescence a critical period? Pediatric Obesity, 7(4), 261

Similar Essays

Increase Of Childhood Obesity The Causes Of Childhood Obesity

1018 words - 4 pages bars, crackers, pretzels, and milk, they sell candy bars, chips, and soda.Along with eating habits, lack of physical activity is another major contributor to the rise of obese children. A "physically inactive, overweight child" usually grows up to be a "physically inactive, obese adult" ("Pediatric Obesity"). According to the National Association for Sport and Physical Education, seventy-six percent of parents think more physical education at

Constructing Illness: Childhood Obesity Essay

1117 words - 5 pages intelligent. Canahaman described this the best, “being overweight is considered to be detrimental to health, a blemish to appearance, and a social disgrace.” In today’s society, both Conclusion: Obesity, like other public health issues like smoking, drug use, and other chronic diseases is a long-term complicated issue that unfortunately cannot be addressed with a simple prescription due to its complex etiology of causes (genetic, environmental

Intervention For The Childhood Obesity Epidemic Professional School Counseling Research Paper

3740 words - 15 pages Care. 2015;4(2):187–192. doi: 10.4103/2249-4863.154628. Schwimmer, J. B. (2003). Health-Related Quality of Life of Severely Obese Children and Adolescents. Jama, 289(14), 1813. doi:10.1001/jama.289.14.1813 Sinha, A., & Kling, S. (2008). A Review of Adolescent Obesity: Prevalence, Etiology, and Treatment. Obesity Surgery, 19(1), 113-120. doi:10.1007/s11695-008-9650-4 Sousa, A. D., Kalra, G., Sonavane, S., & Shah, N. (2012). Psychological issues

Associations Between Birth Weight And Childhood Obesity

2655 words - 11 pages . Therefore, the birthweight would be affected by all the above factors and leading to obesity if one of that factor was not in the right way. Works Cited Blackmore H. L & Ozanne, S. E (2013)Maternal diet-induced obesity and offspring cardiovascular health. Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease, 4(5), 338- 347. Dabelea, D & Harrod, C.S (2013) Role of developmental overnutrition in pediatric obesity and type 2