After the Second World War, Europe established its week points and the danger coming from nationalisation that had distressed the continent. The idea of the European Union was to gather all leaders from the European states and get them to work together and create a strong union that would diminish the possibility of future wars, although there was a certain ideological groundswell in favour of a United Europe shortly after world war two the European Union did not come in to existence until a later date.
The aims of this essay are to discuss the events that were pertained in 1957 to 1993, but in order to understand the developments I have briefly outlined the essential points on the ECSC, which will be again seen through the essay.
1. Historical developments of a United Europe
2. The Outline of EU law 1957 to 1993
• The Treaties of Rome (EEC and Euratom)
• Merger Treaty
• The Single European Act
• Maastricht Treaty
HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE EUROPEAN UNION
The first step of the federation of Europe was established May 1950 by Robert Schuman, the foreign minister for France. He made a historical proposal for the merging of the Coal and steel industries of France and Germany, and any other country that wanted to participate, under a supranational high authority, the proposal was enthusiastically endorsed by the Benelux countries, France, Germany and Italy. The treaty establishing the European coal and steel ECSC was signed in Paris on 18 April 1951, and came into force on 20 July of the following year. The objectives inspired by the Schumann declaration, was by means of pulling the heavy industries together and to set limited specific economic objectives as steps towards the long term political objective of European unity. The first stride to achieve this was to unite France and its lengthy antagonist Germany by having them work closely together.Robert expressed his idea as in the report, “the solidarity in production thus establishing will make plain that any war between France and Germany becomes not merely unthinkable, but materially imposable.” The European coal and steel community merging together had proven to be a success for the states involved, but felt that closer integration was needed for improvements.
In 1957 the treaties of Rome were signed by the six member states involved in the ECSC being Germany, France, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg and Netherlands. Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands are often referred to as the Benelux community; they used the first few/couple letters in the states and continued to refer to them as the Benelux community. The treaties of Rome include the Treaty European Economic Community and the Treaty European atomic energy community (Euratom).The treaties of Rome came into existence after a report was published in April 1956. This report is traditional called the Spaak report, named after the belguim prime minister, Paul henry Spaak. It was called the Spaak report because a...