Eu As A Normative Power Essay

9885 words - 40 pages

Social status, civilization and the idea of a 'normative power Europe'Edward KeeneSam Nunn School of International AffairsGeorgia Institute of TechnologyTo say that the European Union (EU) is a 'normative power' is to say that it wields 'power of an ideational nature characterized by common principles and a willingness to disregard Westphalian conventions' (Manners 2002, 239). The EU stands for several clearly stated core principles - commitments to peace, liberty, democracy, the rule of law, human rights, social solidarity, anti-discrimination, sustainable development and good governance - which are different from the principles according to which the 'Westphalian system' has traditionally been organised, and which it aims to diffuse through a variety of means across international society as a whole. One of the main roles of the EU, and perhaps even its principal role, is thus to change the norms of the society of states. It does so not just by saying and doing things, but in part simply by being different, by embodying different values that others wish to emulate.My purpose in this paper is not to contest this interpretation of the EU as it exists today, but to offer some sociological and historical reflections on the idea that it is a 'normative power'. There are two themes to the discussion. First, I want to raise the question of what normative power is and where it comes from: what are the attributes of a state or international organisation that has normative power; and why do some appear to have more of it than others? The latter question is especially important because it is not enough just to say that normative power derives from values: everyone has values; the critical issue is why some people are able to make their values the definition of what is 'normal'. All values are normative, but they are not in themselves normative power. What we are interested in is the ability to get others to accept one's values as an index of how they should behave. To describe the EU as a 'normative power' in any meaningful sense is to say that it has that ability to a greater degree than many, if not most, other international actors -- otherwise it would be better described as a 'normative weakling' -- and we therefore need to explain why it does so. Economic and, to a lesser degree, military resources are relevant to answering this question, but I want to take seriously Ian Manners' contention that normative power is 'power of an ideational nature' and explore what ideational -- non-material and hence non-economic and non-military -- attributes are crucial to it. Although there are several possible ways of tackling such questions, I will adopt a sociological approach here, drawing on Weberian and neo-Weberian ideas about social status and social closure. These concepts can help us to understand how people or groups within societies in general are able to make their values ones that others wish to emulate, and so can provide a starting point for thinking...

Find Another Essay On EU as a Normative Power

The United States as a World Power

3225 words - 13 pages The United States as a World Power:How much longer will the US be thepoliceman of the World ?Juan Valdez??-??-96PoliticsThe United States has been a super power for decades, and since America has always involved themselves in other countries' problems. Instead of isolationism, the country has practiced getting involved. Since the Monroe Presidency, America has been named the World's police force. Dispelling anarchists, and stopping coos, the

The steady incorporation of Eastern European states after the end of the Cold War What issues have emerged as a result of the EU expansion eastwards? How is the EU tackling these issues?

2814 words - 11 pages potential EU members can also create problems. Along with losing power of control over other policies, there is a probability that the new members may receive a negative effect of joining the EU. Other reasons could be the over-estimation of trade benefits, this it is argued that the trade and cost advantages of the EU are grossly over estimated.Some problems occurred due to EU laws and regulations as well. As far as the sudden freedom of movement of

Tidal Power as a Solution to the Energy Crisis

1024 words - 4 pages The energy crisis of the 20th century is well known and a completely understandable problem. Such resources as coal, oil, and natural gas that served as a good material for making different kinds of energy for a long period are rapidly vanishing in today's extreme growth of civilization and technical progress. This emergency made the world think more deeply about the ways of generating power in the future. One of them is a well-known option of

Do I have Power as a COmputer Engineer?

732 words - 3 pages Can you think of something today that does not involve electronics? You will most likely not. That is because our hardworking computer engineers work on better ways to improve society with technology. Your school most likely now uses a lot of technology to keep it safe, but also help you learn better. So much new technology is made every day to help us, and once the product hits shelves, people buy it. This not only helps us, but our economy as

Was the position in the Praetorian Guard or as a Praetorian Prefect a path to power?

1884 words - 8 pages ANCIENT HISTORYInvestigate the role of the Praetorian Guard and Praetorian Prefects under the Julio Claudians. How influential were they? What does this tell you about the nature of the principate?------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Was the position in the Praetorian Guard or as a Praetorian Prefect a path to power, or a dangerous move?The Praetorian Guard and its

Power, Politics and Dealing with Conflict: DDR as a Political Process

1359 words - 6 pages linked development processes. Since there is no consensus on what is political, it is important to establish the definition of political processes, so that DDR as a practice can be measured as being political or not. Amitai Etzioni has successfully developed a workable definition of political processes, stating that political processes are "processes [that] concern bridging power differences with society with those within the state, bridges that

Mussolini's Rise to Power as a Direct Consequence of World War One

1029 words - 4 pages Mussolini's Rise to Power as a Direct Consequence of World War One Italians were divided on their decision of whether or not join WW1. Most Nationalists were in favour of joining, and although the King wished for peace, the government decided to see which side would offer the best terms. After signing The Treaty Of London with B and F which offered them huge territorial gains they eventually declared war on Austria in

"To a great extent the Constitution is a document with as many checks upon the power of the people and majority rule as upon the power of the government." Assess the validity of this statement.

745 words - 3 pages government was more powerful. However, the founding fathers wanted to ensure that this new government was not one to be overrun by power-hungry officials. Consequently, they created a system of checks and balances in which each branch of government (the executive, judicial and legislative) could ensure that neither branch would become too powerful. But besides checking the power of government, the founding fathers wanted to check the power of the

Does the rise of states like China and India to great power status render postcolonialism irrelevant as a theory of international politics?

2311 words - 9 pages provides insight. The place to start is to look at the question itself. Specifically what the term great power status entails. Behind this phrase is a specific idea of what a state is, how states interact in the international system, what makes a state great within that system and how to rise to that greatness. Primarily these concepts are taken for granted as the basis of international theory but postcolonial theory examines them

Review of “The EU Police Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina” written by Kari M. Osland

1023 words - 5 pages . Osland gives some observations about local people but mostly about leaders. She may have looked at from the point of local people also. The citizens of BiH seem to suffer lethargy and a reluctance to take on the government and elites. After the war, they would have serious problem with “trust” which would make the job harder for the EU despite the strong legitimacy. General Assessment Osland has authority over the issue. As it is noted before

Is Bigger Better? Expansion of the European Union

2670 words - 11 pages at that point it would be extremely shallow. Perhaps, however, the allowance of all these countries into the EU would be a good thing. It would create a political entity with an enormous population, helping the EU's desire to become a global power (Economist, 2004). But it seems as if the bad outweighs the good by a longshot. It would become impossible to navigate laws, and extremely difficult to regulate economies (Economist, 2004). The

Similar Essays

Brazil As A Rising Power Essay

1024 words - 4 pages on a very high pace and its future seems promising. Brazil has some key individuals who contribute to the economic growth as investors and developers. One of them is President Lula. Around 1998, Brazil experienced a major economic crisis. When Lula came to power, he assigned orthodox figures for key economic policy positions, a thing that created much support: foreign bankers Upgraded Brazil's credit ranking, it received a primary budget surplus

Pla As A World Power Essay

2024 words - 8 pages . In this field China adequately represented, "China has acceded to 10 and signed another one of the 12 international anti-terrorism conventions." China, however, failed to participate in the "War on Terrorism" and was not a member of the "Coalition of the Willing" in recent anti-terrorist activities.Modernization of the PLA is perhaps the biggest obstacle to over come in order for the PLA and China to be recognized as a Great Power. China in hopes

China’s Renaissance As A Major Strategic Power

4691 words - 19 pages CHINA'S RENAISSANCE AS A MAJOR STRATEGIC POWER INTRODUCTION 1. Fifty years ago, China emerged from a century long period of disorder and decline. Today, China is one of the most powerful nations in the world. Its size, location, population and economy make it the pre-eminent strategic power in Asia, and if its current rates of economic growth continue, it may become the world's pre-eminent power sometime next century. For these reasons, China's

Introduction Of Japan As A World Power

2524 words - 11 pages Introduction of Japan as a World Power (Russo-Japanese War) The Russo-Japanese War is also known as “the first great war of the 20th century”, which grew out of the rival imperial ambitions of the Russian and Japanese Empires over Manchuria and Korea; where the Japanese military were unexpectedly victorious over the Russian forces, transforming the balance of power in East Asia and resulting in Japan’s entry as a world power. In 1868, Japan