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Eu Environmental Policy And Turkey Essay

4685 words - 19 pages

INTRODUCTIONProtecting the environment is essential for the quality of life of current and future generations. The challenge is to combine this with continuing economic growth in a way which is sustainable over the long term.European citizens are increasingly aware of the importance of high environmental standards for their health,well-being and overall quality of life. They demand high standards, both in their own interest and the interest of future generations. The EU continues to develop its environmental policy. The adoption by the European Council of the EU's first Sustainable Development Strategy in june 2001 was a direct response to that demand.The E.U. Environmental PolicyThe concept of environmental policy refers to the preferences and targets of a certain country on the environment. Although objectives and preferences of environmental policies in each country differ to a great extent, there are some basic values and principles informing the environmental policies in every country. Living in a healthy environment; the protection and the development of environmental resources belonging to the societies; ensuring the social justice principles during the process of sharing the burden of implementing the environmental policies are the main targets that unite the countries under a single frameworkEvolution of the E.U. Environmental PolicyThe environmental actions within the EU have been started in 1970s but there were difficulties to prevent the deterioration of the environment. Environmental policy within the EC has not had any strong impetus until 1980s. The years between 1980 and 1990 have brought remarkable changes into the history of environmental policy within the EU.As the main aim of the establishment of the EEC was based on economic interests of the founding six members, during the first phase of this establishment, environmental policy area was not given its required impetusEuropean integration was driven primarily by a desire to promote economic cooperation and development during the period between 1957 and 1972. Priority was given to the development of a common market, common external tariffs and common policies on such issues as transport, agriculture and investment.Those activities in concern were going to deteriorate the environmental resources.The Need for an Environmental Policy for the E.U.European countries share common environmental resources which can not be protected through the territories of the states. The North Sea for the Northern people and the Mediterranean Sea for the Southern people are common environmental heritages. In addition, rivers, seas and lakes, the wild life is common natural value for the Europeans. It was so difficult to cope with the common environmental problems merely by each individual member state.In addition, before the formation of a single environmental policy, there were different environmental quality standards in each member state, such as necessary investments in some countries to protect...

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