Eu Foreign Policy Essay

1782 words - 8 pages

Enlargement of the European Union (EU) is a contentious issue for the public and scholars alike due to its novelty, even garnering the phrase sui generis. There are many legitimate reasons for opposing enlargement, including: loss of sovereignty and autonomy, diverting efforts and resources from deepening integration between member states, and the stress being put on the institutions and economies of member states by countries with unfair trade, rampant corruption, and territorial and ethnic disputes. Regardless of the validity of these criticisms, in terms of effectiveness, enlargement proves the most powerful foreign policy tool of the European Union. I will contend this by focusing on the ...view middle of the document...

Furthermore, this secures every state’s ability to have a say in what their interests are in intergovernmental negotiations. Consolidating resources and markets creates more incentives for the member states by allowing them to spread liberal democratic ideals through negotiation and partnership which make the pooling of sovereignty a worthy investment for all member states. In addition, asking for general adherence to the monetary, economic, and political goals of the EU creates great incentive for non-member states to adhere to the Western, normative views held by member states to reap the benefits afforded to them by theinterconnectivity of the EU. The requisition of candidate countries to have certain minimums of democracy, human rights, rule of law, and functioning market economies assures that more state engage in democratic peace which leads to lead to political and economic stability. This leads to less antagonist relationships and less severed ties than the hard power alternatives used by states like the United States and Russia.
This use of smart power in diplomacy closely intertwines with the use of foreign aid and military strategies. “Furthermore, one needs the capacity to recognize when to use one kind of power rather than another to achieve national purposes, depending on the context ... how to combine the elements of coercive power with the power to persuade and inspire emulation” (Wilson 2008, 116). Although member states, particularly net contributors, will still need to spend on foreign aid, they have assurance of the candidate countries commitment to the EU ideals decided on the intergovernmental and supranational level. While discussing this transition of power, Wilson writes, “G-8 nations are accelerating their transformation from industrial to postindustrial economies, where power increasingly rests on a nation’s capacity to create and manipulate knowledge and information. A country’s capacity for creativity and innovation can trump its possession of armored divisions” (Wilson 2008, 112).
Instead of being limited to the creativity and innovation of a single state, the EU gains access for all of its member states’ “creativity and innovation” through the merger of markets, economies, and policies. Additionally, for realists that are interested in the use of hard power, the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) calls for increased collaboration between the member states’ security forces which gives each state increased regional and global influence without having to resort to coercive democratization and preventive war (Nye 2009, 162). In all cases where states collaborate on international issues there will different goals and aims leading to trade-offs but the institutionalized aspects of negotiations force all parties to selectively and cautiously negotiate towards increasing group interests.
“A genuinely sophisticated smart power approach comes with the awareness that hard and soft powers…constitute separate and...

Find Another Essay On EU Foreign Policy

Should the UK leave the European Union?

1320 words - 5 pages the UK has so much to gain as a member of the EU and too much to lose to leave. The fact that the EU is the world’s largest multilateral player in the world, disburses around 12 billion euros each year allows the UK to be involved with more countries than its current 27 priority target countries. The EU is unique in its voice on trade, the role it plays in foreign policy and its capacity to disburse on the scale that it does. If the UK took the

Latvia in European Union Essay

2863 words - 11 pages EU transportations and foreign investment flow, plus the export which will again increase after some time. Aggravation of competitiveness When joining the EU's monetary policy the competitiveness will increase, because the trade with EU will increase, and moreover, in the market of EU the competition takes place with much higher standards and requirements. To accomplish these some serious investments have to be made. For many companies it

The European Union Vs. A Federal System

978 words - 4 pages authority has broad powers on matters that concern the nation. For example in the USA the central authority controls foreign affairs and defense policy Conclusion The EU shares sovereignty with its member states just like a federal system would .At the same time its member states retain much of their traditional autonomy and are still viewed as nation states as confederation would. Thus the EU may be described as a multi-level governance

Border Security and Transatlantic Counter-Terrorism Measures

3406 words - 14 pages trade issues in accordance with the intentions of its founders. The continental unity and prosperity which rose from the European Steel and Coal Community in the 1950s continues to reach levels unexpected only a decade ago. Even though the EU has been successful on the economic level, this supra-national organization has found difficulty in coordinating a cohesive foreign, security, and homeland policy for its member nations. The reluctance of

Germany Has Set The Speed And Agenda Of EU Enlarge

1517 words - 6 pages actors. In parallel to this basic contention, the main axis of this assessment will be based on the exploration of, firstly, how the policy towards CEECs has been formulated within the EU, who the main actors were; and secondly, emphasising German interests and German foreign policy towards CEECs, how far a single member state in the EU has been influential on the final policy outcome.EC/EU Policy-making towards Eastern Europe Drastic changes of

Switzerland and the European Union

3536 words - 14 pages Switzerland cherry-picking policies to adhere to. While the nation engages in trade and has agreements with the EU, it is a non-member and the government cannot undermine their democracy in attempt to satisfy what the EU would like to see in terms of Swiss foreign policy. Considering Switzerland’s inability to disregard the results of the referendum, it seems as if the European Union needs to make decisions regarding their reaction to changes soon to be

Assess the impact on the EU of any of the 1995 accession states: Finland

2231 words - 9 pages and defence policy independence, Finland's historical neutrality had to comply with EU requirements (Törnudd 2005). The second pillar of the European Union concerning the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP), Finland's accession has implied for the country to agree to participate fully and actively in policies that can potentially evolve into a Common Defence Policy. Nevertheless, Finland has, and refuses more than, an observer status

1234567890-=

1152 words - 5 pages with the United States remains the first priority, the attempts made by the Government of Canada to diversify trade, signing a significant Canada-EU FTA in particular, offers a very lucrative policy options and is aimed at strengthening and nurturing the current state of the EU-Canada trade relations. A subject of this course work is EU-Canada economic and trade relations. The topic of the paper is the factors affecting the integration of EU

EU Rapid Growth

1560 words - 7 pages The economies of the EU member countries is a key divisive factor, there is a ‘tier’ system beginning to appear within the Eurozone where the richer nations have much more influence. An example of this is Germany’s dominance of the bailout talks and its influence over the financial policy in countries like Greece, who are in financial crisis. German leaders wanted to manage the budgets of the countries that received bailouts. Germany believes

The Enlargement of the European Union

2433 words - 10 pages competitive EU in the future. Whether or not future enlargements will sustain this optimism remains to be seen. Politically, the accession of 12 new member states into the EU was seen as a great triumph for the EU’s foreign policy and as significant progress for both European and global democracy overall (EC 2007, EC 2009, Neueder 2003, Ross 2011). However, there were also skeptics and critics who found the entry of a considerably large number of new

Euroscepticism

1684 words - 7 pages together to be able to solve international problems, whilst protecting internal solidarity (2013). Solidarity within the EU: Within the EU, solidarity can be seen through a number of different perspectives. There are legal, foreign policy, monetary and welfare elements of sovereignty, and each will be addressed within this section of the essay. Solidarity has always been a binding element within the EU. ‘Solidarity’ appears within the Maastricht

Similar Essays

The Common Foreign And Security Policy Of The Eu At The Beginning Of The 21st Century

964 words - 4 pages that "economic stuff". But today the economic cooperation forms only the first of the "three pillars" of the Union. There are two other more incorporated in the Treaty: The Common Foreign and Security Policy of the EU (the CFSP) and Cooperation in the fields of justice and home affairs. Let me focus on the second pillar, the CFSP.Where stands the reason for "neglecting" this obviously important part of every state´s policy, the Defence and

Turkey's Accession To The European Union

1189 words - 5 pages as fairly as previous candidates for accession, the potential advantages of EU membership will outweigh the possible disadvantages for Turkey. In an attempt to examine this topic systematically, this chapter starts with an assessment of the possible consequences of EU membership on Turkish foreign and security policy interests and continues with an investigation of the possible political,social and economic consequences for Turkey. EU

European Union Enlargement Eastwards Essay

4465 words - 18 pages presidency issued an open-ended statement on Russia during the Salzburg informal meeting of foreign affairs ministers. The EU presidency statement expressed the importance of a politically stable and economically sound Russia as a "vital" partner for the EU at a global and regional level. Most policy-makers in Russia see close relations with the EU as a most desirable aim. Sergei Karaganov, chairman of the council for foreign and defense

Migration Policy And Domestic Party Politics

1001 words - 4 pages . “External dimension” of EU Migration Policy is a big challenge to EU and the member states. Individual member states position in this field might have direct impact to other member states. So how the EU deals with this policy? One can argue, that “external dimension” of EU Migration Policy might be related to the EU common foreign policy agenda. Weak EU position as an international actor (EU still lacks consistency in its foreign policy) has