Eu Foreign Policy Essay

1782 words - 8 pages

Enlargement of the European Union (EU) is a contentious issue for the public and scholars alike due to its novelty, even garnering the phrase sui generis. There are many legitimate reasons for opposing enlargement, including: loss of sovereignty and autonomy, diverting efforts and resources from deepening integration between member states, and the stress being put on the institutions and economies of member states by countries with unfair trade, rampant corruption, and territorial and ethnic disputes. Regardless of the validity of these criticisms, in terms of effectiveness, enlargement proves the most powerful foreign policy tool of the European Union. I will contend this by focusing on the ...view middle of the document...

Furthermore, this secures every state’s ability to have a say in what their interests are in intergovernmental negotiations. Consolidating resources and markets creates more incentives for the member states by allowing them to spread liberal democratic ideals through negotiation and partnership which make the pooling of sovereignty a worthy investment for all member states. In addition, asking for general adherence to the monetary, economic, and political goals of the EU creates great incentive for non-member states to adhere to the Western, normative views held by member states to reap the benefits afforded to them by theinterconnectivity of the EU. The requisition of candidate countries to have certain minimums of democracy, human rights, rule of law, and functioning market economies assures that more state engage in democratic peace which leads to lead to political and economic stability. This leads to less antagonist relationships and less severed ties than the hard power alternatives used by states like the United States and Russia.
This use of smart power in diplomacy closely intertwines with the use of foreign aid and military strategies. “Furthermore, one needs the capacity to recognize when to use one kind of power rather than another to achieve national purposes, depending on the context ... how to combine the elements of coercive power with the power to persuade and inspire emulation” (Wilson 2008, 116). Although member states, particularly net contributors, will still need to spend on foreign aid, they have assurance of the candidate countries commitment to the EU ideals decided on the intergovernmental and supranational level. While discussing this transition of power, Wilson writes, “G-8 nations are accelerating their transformation from industrial to postindustrial economies, where power increasingly rests on a nation’s capacity to create and manipulate knowledge and information. A country’s capacity for creativity and innovation can trump its possession of armored divisions” (Wilson 2008, 112).
Instead of being limited to the creativity and innovation of a single state, the EU gains access for all of its member states’ “creativity and innovation” through the merger of markets, economies, and policies. Additionally, for realists that are interested in the use of hard power, the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) calls for increased collaboration between the member states’ security forces which gives each state increased regional and global influence without having to resort to coercive democratization and preventive war (Nye 2009, 162). In all cases where states collaborate on international issues there will different goals and aims leading to trade-offs but the institutionalized aspects of negotiations force all parties to selectively and cautiously negotiate towards increasing group interests.
“A genuinely sophisticated smart power approach comes with the awareness that hard and soft powers…constitute separate and...

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