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Europe In The Late Middle Ages.

1078 words - 4 pages

Chapter 101. What were the causes and results of the Black Death, the peasant revolts, and the Hundred Years' War?The cause of the Black Plague was trade. It originated in the Gobi Desert of Mongolia where it was common among the rodents and fleas there. One of the animals carried it to China and from there it spread around the sea routes and then moved inward. Once contracted, a person died within a week. Because of fluctuating economic problems caused by people leaving their jobs to be isolated and safe from the plague, revolts and rebellions started to break out because of hardships on the poor. The Hundred Years' War was actually caused by problems dating back to the 1290's. There were quite a few reasons behind the series of conflicts but the main one being the problem of French territory being held by the English kings. The result of all three of these was finding new ways to survive, significantly decreased populations, and dealing with dislocation throughout Europe.2. How did each of them affect medieval life and the growth of modern states?The Black Death, peasant revolts, and the Hundred Years' War all effected medieval life and the growth of modern states. The resulting labor shortages, because of all of the deaths, encouraged European entrepreneurs to experiment with laborsaving technologies and new crops. The wars and revolts led people to become more militarily inventive. It also caused the government to tax more so that money could be put into ships, cannons, armies, weapons, and other military needs. With fewer people there was also a higher per-capita wealth. This led to more time and effort being spent on arts and learning and less spent on survival. Dislocation from the plague and the wars was difficult on the survivors but having survived all of these things also made them stronger and more able to seize the day and create new lives for themselves and their families.Chapter 111. Why were Europeans so interested in spices?Europeans were so interested in spices because there were very few ways to keep food fresh during this time frame. Spices were used to enhance the flavor of food and also to mask unpleasant tastes and odors. Spices were very important to the Europeans for these reasons.2. What was the ultimate importance of the spice trade?The spice trade was important because it was a commodity that was very much in demand in Europe. At first, the Arabs held a monopoly on the trade. They would get spices from India and Southeast Asia and bringing it back to Europe and selling it at extremely increased rates. They told tales of how difficult the journey for spices were and how dangerous it was to try and hold on to their monopoly. Eventually, the price for spices had reached so high a point that finding a sea route to acquire their own was a priority to the Europeans. The demand for spices helped with the discovery of the New World by Columbus in 1492 and in 1498 led to Vasco Da Gama finding a sea route to India to obtain the...

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