European Castles Of The Medieval Era

1991 words - 8 pages

CASTLES:OF THE MEDIEVAL ERANot so long ago, there was a period in time where kings ruled the lands and knights took their directions. The feudal system was thriving and life was good. This time was the Middle Ages. The Middle Ages took their effect in the thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth centuries. During this time, kings and lords built large forts to protect their strongholds. However, they were more than just forts. They were giant buildings of war; buildings called castles.WHAT IS A CASTLE?As you probably already know, or have inferred, the word, "castle" comes from a Latin word meaning "fortress". With their origin stretching back to the ninth century, castles were used by kings, lords, and nobles to strengthen their strongholds within the castle's infrastructure.The stronghold was where the king or lord lived and also stood as the most vital structure of the entire castle. The castle itself was basically, just a large wall around the stronghold, but it proves to be much more. Later, castles became very important in Western Europe in the late A.D. 900's and the 1000's. They played a central role in the political and military system called feudalism. In the Middle Ages, Europe was divided into many small states, and local conflicts were common. A castle helped the owner or owners defend the land where the castle stood. It also provided a home for the monarch or noble's family and servants. In addition, a castle served as a barracks, prison, storehouse, armory, treasure house, and center of local government. However, before the 1100's, most castles were made of timber and earth resources, but time grew on and enemies began attacking with unmerciful force. As the violence intensified, castles needed improved defense capabilities.HOW DOES THE CASTLE PROVIDE DEFENSE?In addition to providing support for defense of the stronghold, and occupants, castles now needed to defend everything else on the estate. For the castle was the heart and soul of the country. The king and queen and all of their loyal servants were inside, running the country. That's why villains would raid the castles for land or for money, knowing that they could hold the king and queen for ransom. Although, as new coming invaders made their way around Europe, the castle's assets now included the peasants/workers, equipment, crops, and the land itself. The castles stored much if not all of the master's wealth inside plus the acres of varying crops along the castle's perimeter. To a motivated enemy, castles had much to provide. At this point, anything outside of the castle or easily accessible inside of the castle was susceptible to the enemy's free will.A majority of the castles already stood upon a natural or artificially created hill called a "motte". Often placed on hills to show prominence, strength, and wealth on the owner's part, but now, it was for advantage. A tower called a "keep" or "donjon" then stood with or nearby the castle on top of the motte as well. The keep,...

Find Another Essay On European Castles of the Medieval Era

The Medieval Era Essay

1455 words - 6 pages The Medieval Era The Medieval era is so easily generalized into the three orders of those who fight, those who work, and those who pray, or even simply divided into the privileged and unprivileged. These distinctions are important, for the ability of the church and manor to influence a peasant's actions and to take a peasant's earnings was obviously a central component of a peasant's life. However, when peasants

Islamic Science in the Medieval Era

2566 words - 10 pages discussed previously, some of these ideas did eventually make it into European thought, and were quite influential, but this was through eventual translation into Latin (Freely 226). Due to the restriction of geography and language, the ideas did not make it into European thought during this period; so, if one is led to study just Europe during this time, the medieval era may be inaccurately perceived as “dark”. Another main reason one might

The Role and Status of the Actor from Classical Greek to Medieval European Society

1487 words - 6 pages The Role and Status of the Actor from Classical Greek to Medieval European SocietyBy Alexander GriffinActors throughout the ages have had a raw deal, sometimes held in high esteem at other times driven underground by their native states who wish to silence them. However in ancient Greece actors were often looked upon as the most fundamental part of society and often formed their own guilds. They were tools of the state, Used to inform the

History of Early Castles. This essay describes the purposes of medevil castles.

557 words - 2 pages In medieval times, castles served as the home and fortress of a monarch or noble. The earliest castles were built from earth and wood. By the 12th century, most castles were built from stone. The stones came from local mines or quarries if possible, but sometimes they had to be carried long distances by water or on ox wagons. The roofs of castles were covered with slates, clay tiles, or wooden shingles.Castles were built on steep hillsides or at

A Feminist in the Medieval Era: Margery Kempe

1401 words - 6 pages Margery Kempe did something that many people (especially women) would not dare to do- she broke away from the identity that her society had molded for her. The Book of Margery Kempe is one of the most astonishing documents found of the late medieval era and is the first autobiography to have been discovered. Margery Kempe does not shy away from telling the story of the personal and intricate details about her adventurous life. It is hard to

Changes and Innovations in Japanese Literature in the Medieval Era

982 words - 4 pages presence of Buddhism in literature of medieval Japan, not be a critique on the plausibility of it as a religion. So, Buddhism shows up in anywhere from the lines of poetry where loneliness is expressed, the poet sealing himself in seclusion and trying to follow the path, yet failing to do so, to the prose of folktales. The Uji Shui and Hojoki in particular embody the teachings of Buddhism coupled with traditional storytelling in an attempt to

The Era of Prohibition

1595 words - 7 pages warehouses (About.com). Liquor distribution in Chicago was being controlled by the mob (About.com). It was said that the leader of this mob was Al Capone. Al Capone was a very mobster who had made 60 million just by the selling of alcohol (About.com). One bootlegger during the Prohibition would be able to make 5 million just from alcohol sales (About.com). Conditions were getting so bad that people were making gin in their bathtubs (Prohibition Era

The Rise of Universities in Medieval Europe

1103 words - 4 pages . These liberal arts were then divided into the Trivium consisting of grammar, rhetoric and logic and the Quadrivium consisting of mathematics, geometry, music and astronomy (Durant, 1950). By the end of the 13th Century, the universities had become institutions of all central importance in European cultural life. It can be clearly recognised that there are differences in relationships between lecturers and students in medieval universities and

The functions of a medieval castle

1639 words - 7 pages The building of a castle was a monumental task; it required many laborers and took many years to complete. When a lord had decided to build a castle, he would hire a Master Builder to design and build the castle. He would choose a design for the castle. The castle was meant to be the fortress of the lord so it had to be strong. Castles had many different types of defense to protect the Lord and his family. The many types of defense that castles

Oppression of the Proletariat in Medieval Europe

1456 words - 6 pages "The genius of our ruling class is that it has kept a majority of the people from ever questioning the inequity of a system where most people drudge along, paying heavy taxes for which they get nothing in return." ~ Gore VidalThe Medieval period in the Holy Roman Empire can be described as a time of hardship, poverty and suffering for general populace. In the era of human civilization that sees class disparity at its most severe; monarchs

The Chivalric Code of Medieval Knights

1352 words - 6 pages wars became centralized to bigger groups of troops, the concept of nobility became less important, and there were less positions of higher rankings. This meant more knights shared a lower level of status in within the group. What everyone has been waiting for, chivalry expressed through love. This was more into a medieval and dark ages era in respect to chivalry. Poems later started to show chivalric actions through noble and gentle behaviors of

Similar Essays

Medieval Castles And Life Of The Nobility

1417 words - 6 pages , but in reality they are much more complex than one would think. In their era, castles were centers for administration and the courtesy of authority. Through out the process of building castles, several different kinds of workers were needed. Freemasons were in charge of cutting squared ashlar, moldings, and tracery. Roughmasons laid stone while layers build walls and hewers worked in the quarries. In order to create a ditch or moat around the

Castles Of Medieval Times Essay

872 words - 3 pages Throughout history castles survive centuries. Looking back on these great fortifications one sees just how different, but safe life exists in the Medieval period inside one of these tremendously prepared fortresses. Besides the Lord and Lady others live in the castle to do work and protect them. Through this fortress the lord may run his nation. In the late 1000's A.D. the importance of castles become a large role in security, military

Castles: The Evolution Of European Fortified Residences

1870 words - 7 pages For centuries children across Europe and North America have been entertained with tales of heroic knights, damsels in distress and formidable castles. Lacking medieval fortifications of their own, many North Americans do not understand how the castle, as it is seen now, came to be. The most basic definition of a castle is that it “was the fortified residence of a Lord…” (Gibson, 8), and “The most accurate definition of a castle would be a

Castles How They Benefitted The Medieval World

1479 words - 6 pages In 1494 the armies of the French king, Charles VIII, invaded Italy to capture the kingdom of Naples. They swept through the country and bombarded and destroyed many castles. This invasion signaled the end of the castle as a stronghold of defense. For centuries it had been the dominant fortification in Western Europe for the defense of kings, nobility, and townspeople. Ancient cities were often walled to keep out invaders, and within the walls