European Churches And The Great War Tertiary Essay

1957 words - 8 pages

To what extent did the European Churches promote the fighting of the Great War?
This article begins by considering the pre-1914 position of European Churches before examining their criticism of German Christian values and their influence on society and the state. Finally, it looks to the imagery of The Just War and the patriotic sermons from the pulpit with their use of mythology to recreate the image of the Tommy hero as the chivalrous knight.
Prior to 1914, churches, of all denominations, from all countries, had been actively meeting, to promote international peace. They advocated using arbitration as the key method to peacefully resolve disputes between nations. On 3 August, they met to establish the ‘World Alliance for Promoting International Friendship through the Churches’, a week later the Roman Catholics had planned another conference, ironically, in Belgium. The intention was for the German Catholic clergy to “meet in the spirit of the Gospel with their French and Belgian brothers.”[footnoteRef:1] They found that peace was not supported by the German churches. “[T]here was never a remote chance that the British and German churches could have combined forces to advance the cause of peace before their respective governments “[footnoteRef:2] When the war came it was, like a bolt from the blue, during one of the most significant peace initiatives. [1: John A. Moses, "The British and German Churches and the Perception of War, 1908–1914," War & Society 5, no. 1 (1987): , doi:10.1179/106980487790305157, 37] [2: John A. Moses, "State, War, Revolution and the German Evangelical Church, 1914–18," Journal of Religious History 17, no. 1 (1992): , doi:10.1111/j.1467-9809.1992.tb00702.x., 47-59]
Even though the European churches initially called for peace and neutrality, their stance and rhetoric changed relatively quickly as they called their congregations to fight the atheistic devil. They criticised Germany’s Christian values as the “perverted antithesis of ennobled English Christianity.”[footnoteRef:3] Bishop Percival, had signed the neutrality manifesto of 3 August. 9 days later, he wrote a letter to the Times stating, “Such a war is a heavy price to pay for our progress towards the realisation of the Christianity of Christ, but duty calls, and the price must be paid for the good of those who are to follow us.” Key church publications also recorded their war support. “The August and September 1914 issues of . . . The Catholic Herald, The Tablet . . . the Baptist Times… Freeman, and the Methodist Times – contain[ed] leading articles and editorials supporting British actions” Even the Quaker journal, The Friend, proclaimed that “the nation has entered this struggle in a just cause and has a right to claim the co-operation of her citizens”[footnoteRef:4] The Churches had moved from promoting peace to endorsing the Just and Holy War, in a matter of weeks. [3: Shannon Ty Bontrager, "The Imagined Crusade: The Church of England and the Mythology...

Find Another Essay On European Churches and the Great War - Tertiary - Essay

New Zealand and the Great War

1383 words - 6 pages celebrated on the 25th of April every year. This day is used to remember the 2,721 New Zealanders and 8,700 Australians that died on that battlefield. New Zealand’s history was simply enriched after the end of The Great War. New Zealand was first officially discovered by Abel Tasman on December 13th, 1642. While the first British flag flew on the island on November 15th, 1769, it was not officially colonized until February 6th, 1840. Along with

Poland And The Great War (1914-1918)

1816 words - 8 pages Poland and the Great War (1914-1918)World War One or 'The Great War' as it became known, was caused due to an array of events. One of the main causes of the war was the assassination of the heir to the Austro-Hungarian thrown; the Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie on the 28th of June in 1914. Not long after the two had been shot, the shooter, Gavrilo Princip, a Serbian student was arrested. Princip was believed to be linked to The

The “Great War” and Its Consequences

1141 words - 5 pages Overview How did the First World War lead to revolution in Russia and the disintegration of several once-powerful empires? (The Earth and Its Peoples, 776) The first World War, also known as the Great War or “the war to end all wars”, had a profound impact on the societies across the globe, especially the industrialized nations of Europe and the United States. At the start of the war, in 1914, Russia had a larger military than any nation in

The causes of the first world war - European history 1900-1985 - ESSAY

2020 words - 9 pages great hostility in central Europe, needed a strong ally to counterbalance the Triple Alliance. This came to be Russia, who also were facing a threat from a possible German-Austrian empire which could cut off an access way to the Balkans and dominate the European economic system. The Triple Entente was merely a moral obligation to support each other, unlike the Triple Alliance, which required the countries to go to war for each other. This was the

The leadup to the Great European Conflagration

628 words - 3 pages Austria-Hungary's going to war with Serbia. Germany used the minor Hapsburg-Serb quarrel as a pretext to launch it's own big escape from diplomatic encirclement by launching a European war.The importance of the alliance system must also be considered in explaining the outbreak of the war.Germany was determined to support it's Triple Alliance partner during the crisis, but followed it's own aims. The Russians were determined to support Serbia, the

The European Union and European National Sovereignty

889 words - 4 pages How the EU represents supra-nationalism which is having authority and jurisdiction above national governments? What institution in the EU represents this trend? European Union is one the world’s most dramatic examples of economic and political integration. A total of 27 states are compromising their national sovereignty by transferring many areas of their decision-making and authority to a supranational organization. We cannot call the

The Great War

1431 words - 6 pages struggle.'3This essay will turn to show the extent of the changes, if there were any, on the social, economic, and political system of Britain after the Great War. The war demanded levels of engagement and commitment at all levels of society: industrial workers were needed to contribute to the war effort, and women were demanded to participate extensively. Women accounted for 31 per cent of the workers brought into industry: they were munition

"The Great War"

766 words - 3 pages in some senses. Not one single event sent the countries of Europe to war, it was more of a series of events, alliances, and ideas that plunged Europe into war.The most popular answer to the question "What caused World War 1" would be the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, in Sarajevo. This single event did not spark war immediately but rather set off the "powder keg" of European tensions. Emporer

The Great War

1621 words - 7 pages . With the arrival of a new power not bogged down by the war effort, this renewed the Allies’ optimism of defeating the enemy, something that the Central Powers did not experience during the final years. In regards to the Central Powers’ weaknesses, Germany experienced the disadvantage of being in the center of the European continent. This meant that it had to fight on two fronts on both the West and the East, unlike the Allied countries that

Understanding the great war

791 words - 4 pages In Understanding the Great War, Rouzeau and Lecker discuss many different aspects of the First World War. According to them this war was a drastic change in the history of modern warfare because of the new technologies that were introduced during this time period. Violence is one of the major topics in the book, and some of the statistics are staggering. However, the idea is that violence is not only about the war and deaths of soldiers, but

The Great War

2169 words - 9 pages The Great War To understand the human catastrophe that was the “Great War,” it is imperative to consider the socializing factors that shaped the generation of men whose lives and futures were forever altered by one of

Similar Essays

The Churches Of Christ: A Comparative Essay

824 words - 3 pages this growth and departure from the CoC doctrine, the controversy between the CoC and the ICC has picked up great momentum.The doctrinal and traditional beliefs (i.e., baptism necessary for salvation, acapella worship) of the two groups are based upon the same principals. However, the International Churches of Christ and leader Kip McKean, have taken these foundational Church of Christ beliefs and distorted them into a cult-like system. The

European Diplomacy And The First World War

944 words - 4 pages European diplomacy and the First World War 1870-192311. To what extent were the policies of Germany responsible for the outbreak of war in 1914?German policies: In the longer term, Wilhelm II's policies of Weltpolitik, his colonial ambition,caused tensions with both Britain and France (Boer War, Morocco, etc). Naval expansion led tomore tensions with Britain, contributing to the signing of the Entente Cordiale. Wilhelm's failureto renew the

“The Symbolism Of Churches And Church Ornaments

1012 words - 4 pages "The Symbolism of Churches and Church Ornaments" Churches during the twelfth and thirteenth century were transformed from just being a building into a building of reference and symbolism to who ever partook in it. William Durand in his essay of "The Symbolism of Churches and Church Ornaments" he reveals the ideas and symbolisms that the churches illustrated. His essay also reveals the Church as an illustrative role and function in medieval

Earthquake And Its Primary, Secondary And Tertiary Effects Geography Essay

577 words - 3 pages to also occur, increasing its destructive power. Focusing on its primary, secondary, and tertiary affects can prove this statement. Primary : Shock waves damage and destroy buildings, debris can kill or leave people wounded people can get caught under debris The meaning behind a ‘Primary affect” is the events occurring during the actual earthquake itself. Some examples of primary affects is when an earthquake shakes the ground