European History Essay

1098 words - 5 pages

The French Revolution is a revolution that took place at the end of the 18th century leading into the 19th century. The purpose of the revolution was to overthrow the monarchy in France and replace it with a republic and in the year 1892, a republic was proclaimed. Places affected by this revolution are India, North America, Europe, Middle East and South America. This revolution was one of the events that played a vital role in making France’s history as drastic steps were taken to secure the country’s freedom since it was financially ruined. The French citizens were fighting for equality, fraternity and liberty.
During the French revolution, the revolutionaries were seeking to resolve the fundamental government crisis and create a more stable nation both internally and externally. First of all, they fought for liberty. Both men and women fought for their freedom and independence and women played a vital role in the revolution. The promise of universal rights was not fulfilled and due to women participation in the French revolution, divorce was instituted in the France legislation in 1792 giving women the right to a divorce.
The French citizens not only wanted liberty but they also wanted equality. The revolution was mainly a battle for equality and does away with oppression in their country. The French people wanted equality and since their ruler disagreed, they started the French revolution. They were willing to give up their political liberty to gain equality because the old French regime’s equality only consisted of the First Estate and Second Estates (nobles and clergy). The nobles and the clergy men were exempted from direct and land taxes and majority of the taxes were paid by the Third Estate which included the artisans, merchants, peasants and professional men. The revolutionaries wanted all the people to pay taxes without any exceptions since amount the three estates paid taxes were not equal. The revolutionaries wanted equality in all the three estates and in addition, demanded reforms and a constitution. After the revolution, there was a finished constitution and a new form of government was created however it led to dictatorship. In addition to liberty and equality, the French people came together to create a brotherhood to achieve equality, fraternity and liberty. They protested and used violence to voice their quest for freedom.
One of the main reasons for the course of the French revolution was fiscal irresponsibility. The country was bankrupt and could no longer pay its debts resulting from the war and so people were being overtaxed in order to sustain the nation. The main complaint during this revolution was high taxes. The artisans, merchants, peasants and professional men were being overtaxed to pay for King Louis XV interest payments on previous loans that made the financial crisis in France worse and they had to do something about it. King Louis XV had participated in the war with the colonies and the war was costly leaving...

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