This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

European Intervention And The Rwandan Genocide

920 words - 4 pages

Through colonial institutions such as the Catholic Church, Europeans created a prominent social divide between the Tutsis and Hutus. “…The type of education one receives is greatly responsible for his or her behavior (White 475).” Education received from the Europeans in Christianity has shaped the economic, political and social hierarchy of Rwanda past its independence in 1962. Upon the arrival of European travelers, missionaries played a significant role during the colonization of Rwanda. Great emphasis on the creation of an effective Rwandan state and ethnic politics was placed on the role of the church. The conversion of the Rwandan population would allow a peaceful colonization without ...view middle of the document...

King Mwami Musinga was replaced by his son, Charles Rudahigwa Mutara, because Rudahigwa was more inclined to the Catholic church and Christian practices taught by the Belgian missionaries. King Musinga dethronement marked the establishment of the Belgian system of ethnic segregation (Berry 32). This was very influential in early Rwandan society in that to gain political power from the state, you must be affiliated with the Catholic Church (Longman 168).
Catholic Churches used material incentives such as consumer goods, health care and agricultural resources to establish the importance of religion thus alluring natives to convert to Christianity. The people of Rwanda became dependent on the church because it symbolized ‘power’. The Bahutu revolution against oppression began within the church before the elite attacked the state (Staub 883).
“....Hutu-Tutsi relations became a vehicle for inter-Belgian rivalries between the Flemish and Walloons…(Hintjens 254).” The United Nations placed Rwanda under the trusteeship of the Belgians from 1945 to Rwandan independence, established in 1962. After World War II, a new generation of Flemish officials and educated Hutus emerged. More Flemish officials and priests were appointed to service in Rwanda and favored the Hutus over the Tutsis (Hintjens 254). This new generation of missionaries were influenced by social, democratic philosophies and questioned Rwandan society (Longman 169). Gradually over time the Tutsi image of wealth and power was transformed. The new officials replaced half of the Tutsi chiefs from political office with Hutu chiefs and provided educational opportunities.
The Hutu elite encouraged church advocates and leaders to assume political positions in government. Gregoire Kayibanda, a Hutu who served as an editor for a Catholic newspaper and leaded a Catholic consumers’ cooperative eventually became the prime minister of Rwanda in 1960. He had founded the Hutu ‘emancipation’ movement...

Find Another Essay On European Intervention and the Rwandan Genocide

Regarding the Rwandan Genocide Essay

937 words - 4 pages end on April 6th, 1994 when Habyarimana was killed in a plane crash; purposely shot-down by an anonymous. It served as the catalyst for the Rwandan Genocide, allowing each side to claim its innocence of the murder. The United States must intervene to ensure world peace and human rights of the Tutsis by using political instruments such as sending in relief works, and doctors, and issuing threats. Relief workers should be sent in to first, see how

The Rwandan Genocide Essay

956 words - 4 pages The Rwandan Genocide was a terrible event in Africa's history that decimated many minorities in Rwanda. The Hutu killed 800,000 people of minority in Rwanda, including Tutsi and Pygmy people in 100 days, and if it was scaled to the length of time the Holocaust took place, the casualties would be more than 34 million people killed. Citizens were told to gather arms and fight against their neighbor, and many obeyed. Before the war By the 1990’s

Roots of the Rwandan Genocide

1945 words - 8 pages On April 6, 1994, Rwanda experienced a period of great turmoil as thousands of people fell victim to the horrors of the Rwandan genocide. The main targets of the genocide were Tutsis and Hutu moderates. Though the main cause of the genocide was a conflict between two ethnicities, the genocide was also fueled by political factors and social conditions. Rwanda is the smallest sub-Saharan country with a population of about 7 million inhabitants

The Rwandan Genocide, a time of darkness and death

1108 words - 5 pages The Rwandan Genocide was a time of ruthless slaughter in the African state of Rwanda. This time of murder would drastically symbolize the long standing racial discrimination against the Hutu. The years of segregation of the Hutu would lead to a dramatic, devastating, and deadly revolt carried out by the Hutu. The Rwandan Genocide occurred during the year of 1994 caused by years of inequality against the Hutu from the Tutsi. At first, Rwanda was

The Rwandan Genocide of 1994

1381 words - 6 pages In April of 1994 a terrible event took place, one where approximately one-million people were brutally murdered on the basis of their ethnicity or if they opposed the regime. (Uvin, 2003). This terrible event occurred in Rwanda, and it is known as the Rwandan Genocide. Genocide can be described as a one sided mass killing in which the state or other authority intends to destroy a group, as that group and membership in it are identified by the

Comparison of Rwandan Genocide and Holocaust

1222 words - 5 pages With the darkest sides of humanity exposed, where would you stand? The Rwandan genocide was a mass murder that began April 6, 1994, lasting about 100 days (History.com Staff). The death toll reached 800,000 of mostly Tutsis (Fisanick 40). Struggles for governmental control had altered many times but the Hutus seized authority when the genocide commenced (Fisanick 40). The Holocaust was the persecution and massacre of European Jews, primarily

A Look at the Rwandan Genocide

1442 words - 6 pages up at helped the victims of this horrible crime. Rwanda used to be a peaceful country until the Civil war started. Belgium then took over Rwanda and put the Tutsis in charge of the government because they had more European characteristics like the Belgium population (Anderson 1). This upset the Hutus, so the Hutus then blamed the Tutsis for the president’s assassination. The Rwandan genocide then started on April 6, 1994. It lasted for 100

The Terrible Acts of Rwandan Genocide

1668 words - 7 pages swings the machetes. “The people were the weapon, and that meant everybody: the entire Hutu population had to kill the entire Tutsi population.” It seems to me that Gourevitch used the Holocaust in his book to compare. Everyone knows how bad the Holocaust was and the horrible consequences that it had, but not so many people know about the Rwandan genocide. It was a useful aid that helped him to show others the truly horrifying events that took

Lessons Learnt From the Rwandan Genocide

2549 words - 10 pages became common and elevated the further spreading of AIDS (Our Grations, 2006). Families in Rwanda were crippled by; death, disease, disability, poverty, loss of dignity and incarceration (Moodley, et al., 2010). There were also a lot of material, psychological and social trauma that followed the genocide (Hagengimana, 2001). Ihahamuka was introduced into the Rwandan vocabulary after the genocide, describing a form of post traumatic stress disorder

Reflecting on our failure: The Rwandan Genocide

1099 words - 5 pages Hutus went to Zaire, the fighting has moved there as well. To this day, HIV and AIDS is a problem in Rwanda. The practice of kiwinjra, or sharing men, has become popular. In an attempt to rebalance the gender ratio, women share men. The unbalance is another outcome of the genocide. Only 20% of Rwandan population is adult male because they were the ones being targeted in the massacres. Another group of people whose presence is scarce is teachers

Effect of imperialism on the Rwandan genocide

1064 words - 4 pages education, leading them to have professional jobs. (2)Before the Europeans came there was peace in Africa. But after greedy 19th century European politicians occupied the African continent, enslaving or abusing its people, ethnic conflicts broke out all over Africa, followed by a century of bloodshed. The conflicts and the current problems in Africa could have been prevented if imperialism wouldn't have existed. There would not have been a genocide

Similar Essays

European Intervention And The Rwandan Genocide

1144 words - 5 pages racial theories. Throughout the colonization and independence of Rwanda, the tension generated by European intervention only magnified thus leading to quotas and ineffective regulations. Aside from the assassination of the Rwandan President Habyarimana, propaganda through the news and media openly broadcasted the planned genocide as an open secret (Hintjens 246). “Prior to the arrival of the German and Belgian colonizers, the social aries between

European Intervention And The Rwandan Genocide

1476 words - 6 pages genocide. Still today, it is unknown whether the assassination of the president was by a Hutu extremis or Tutsi extremist. Within the first and second week following the plane crash, five to ten percent of Rwanda’s population were killed. The Rwandan genocide is documented as “…one of the highest causality rates of any population in history from non-natural causes (Hintjens 242).” International soldiers from Germany and the UN were ordered to not

The Rwandan Genocide Essay

1152 words - 5 pages In today’s world, it is of the utmost importance to learn from mistakes of the past. Certain events, especially tragedies that could have been avoided, hold within them the lessons and wisdom that should be used to prevent similar disasters. The 1994 Rwandan genocide resulted in over 800, 000 deaths of the Tutsi people, at the hands of the Hutu; the genocide, and the international response to it, is a lesson about the humanitarian

The Rwandan Genocide Essay

1315 words - 5 pages of the Rwandan Genocide sparked. Then, the Tutsis and Hutus conflict led to a greater problem. This was caused by the German invasion in 1894 (20th Century History). Since the Tutsis were more European, they took on more responsibility. The invasion helped create the idea of using identification, more specifically identity cards during World War I. The identity cards were used by the Belgians. This contrasted the three existing groups: the Tutsi