Euthanasia is the delibrete killing of an ill person’s life in order to soothe them from the suffering the illness is causing. This act is usually conducted by people with terminal illness, however there are other incidents which lead to euthanasia. In the UK euthanasia is illegal similarly Islamic countries forbid any form of suicide as they believe in the sanctity of life whereas in other countries such as Belgium and Luxembourg this is not the case .Should a person in alot of pain be allowed to commit suicide to relieve their suffering? And Who has the right to deny a person a peaceful ending to their life and stop the suffering permenantly? Euthanasia is a very controversial topic and those in favour argue that its the patients choice what they do with their life in cases of terminal illnesses the death is inevitable so what is the point in prolonging the process? Others argue that Voluntary euthanasia will eventually lead to involuntary euthanasia and the termination of people deemed as undesirable.
A strong ethical argument against the use of euthanasia is that . Lord Walton, chairman of a House of Lords committee looking into euthanasia says: “We concluded that it was virtually impossible to ensure that all acts of euthanasia were truly voluntary and that any liberalisation of the law in the United Kingdom could not be abused.” Since involuntary euthanasia is indistinguishable from murder it will be hard to identify and regulate murder cases as they can be passed off as involuntary euthanasia leading to the severity of murder as a crime being mediocre since people can escape the consequence using euthanasia . There is also concern that doctors are bestowed with too much power and could end up killing very sick patients without asking for their permission, or begin to kill off patient for financial reaons and to free up space in the hospitals. This due to the fact that accepting euthanasia accepts that some lives are worth less than others such as disables which can lead to segregation and conflict. Another ethical argument is that euthanasia may not be in the persons best interests and they may have lost hope which needs to be restored so councelling session could help with this.
On the other hand others may argue, that people should have the right to kill themselves however and whenever they want to as its a freedom of choice. Many supporters of voluntary euthanasia believe that everyone has the right to control their body and life, and should be free to decide at what time, and in which manner they will die. The idea behind this is that unnecessary restraints on human rights should be avoided. It said in an article in the Independent newspaper in March 2002, that; “In cases where there are no dependants who might exert pressure one way or the other, the right of the individual to choose should be paramount. So long as the patient is lucid, and his or her intent is clear beyond doubt, there need be no further questions.”