According to the Oxford Dictionary, euthanasia is a medically assisted death; painlessly killing a patient suffering from an incurable and painful disease. Euthanasia usually allows the medical doctor to be in charge of giving the option of death to the patient or asking the patient’s relatives to euthanize the patient. Many victims of euthanasia involve the elderly or newborn infants. Euthanasia is unethical, impacting negatively the lives of many people.
Euthanasia is still performed, even if the patient has chance to live. Rom Houben, became paralyzed after he got into a car accident. Rom was in a coma for 23 years, but he was always conscious. He tried to communicate with others, but he was incapable. Rom wouldn’t have been present today if his family decided to euthanize him (lifenews.com).
In several countries around the world, assisted suicide is legal, such as Belgium, the Netherlands, Switzerland, and some parts of the US. The Netherlands and Belgium both legalized euthanasia in 2002, but in Belgium, two doctors and a psychologist must always be involved. In Switzerland, euthanasia is banned, but “suicide assisted by a physician and a non-physician is allowed since 1941” (deccanherald.com). In the US, “most states now legally allow the making of such wills that instruct hospitals and physicians to suspend treatment or to refuse life-support measures in hopeless cases” (enyclopediabirtanica.com). Only 3 states in the US, Oregon, Washington, and Montana, have legalized passive euthanasia. 39 states have prohibited assisted suicide, and 4 don’t have any definite law of assisted suicide (procon.org). Passive euthanasia and assisted suicide both intentionally end a life, but passive euthanasia stops or refuses treating the patient allows the patient to die. Assisted suicide is when the physician has the intention to deliberately end a life.
Around the world, euthanasia is looked down on by many, but numerous people consider euthanasia acceptable. “Many people think that each person has the right to control his or her body and life and so should be able to determine at what time, in that way and by whose hand he or she will” (bbc.co.uk). They believe that they have the right to end their life whenever they want, but religious opponents differ. “Religious opponents disagree because they believe that the right to decide when a person dies belongs to God” (bbc.co.uk).
Euthanasia is not only harming the receiver, but it also affects society. “The laws would have to be changed and then a cultural shift would take place” (ethicaldemension.org). If euthanasia is accepted, then more and more countries would allow euthanasia. Countries that were prohibiting euthanasia could allow, changing the laws. Euthanasia also affects the friends and family by not being able to have a say about exactly how the receiver dies. Also, by not being able to accept the fact that the receiver intentionally chose to ends his/her life. Even the fact of death, is...